Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
Author: Babbette LaMarca, Ph.D.,Barbara T. Alexander, PhD, FAHA, FAPS
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-06-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128131978

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Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
Author: Babbette LaMarca,Barbara T. Alexander
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2019-04-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128131985

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Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology
Author: Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2016-05-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128026083

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Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Author: Marek Malik
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 2020-07-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128177297

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Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology: Differences in Cardiac Electrical Disorders Between Men and Women is a comprehensive investigation into all aspects of sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology. As there are substantial differences between female and male patients in physiology, pathology triggering factors, disease progression, clinical approaches and treatment outcome, this book provides a comprehensive examination. In cardiology, the differences between women and men are more recognized, hence this title summarizes these important differences, providing the essential information needed for clinical specialists and researchers involved in the design and implementation of clinical studies. Explores topics ranging from the physiologic differences between women and men to the differences in clinical handling of arrhythmic disorders between female and male patients Provides sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology in separate chapters Covers the sex differences of cardiac electrical disorders, providing insights beyond cardiac metabolic syndrome, hypertension, atherogenesis and heart failure

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease

Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease
Author: Jawahar L. Mehta,Jean McSweeney
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2018-03-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 3319711342

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This book reviews all aspects of the diagnosis and management of heart disease in women, covering areas such as gender differences in metabolic syndrome, hypertension and atherogenesis. Gender differences in cardiovascular diseases are widespread, but while gender medicine takes into account the effects of sex and gender on the health of women and men, traditionally, women have been underrepresented in cardiovascular clinical trials, in management of different cardiac diseases and drug use. Gender Differences in the Pathogenesis and Management of Heart Disease deals with the gender-specific differences in cardiac physiology and diseases and brings into perspective the critical significance of gender in management of cardiovascular disease presentations and management. As such it is of enormous use to all clinical staff who manage women with cardiovascular disease.

Sex Differences in Heart Disease

Sex Differences in Heart Disease
Author: Bohuslav Ostadal,Naranjan S. Dhalla
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2021-11-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 3030586790

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Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in men and women. Unfortunately, women have traditionally been excluded from clinical trials, and female animals have been used less or sex was not reported in basic research studies. Until recently, consideration of both sexes was not required in clinical and preclinical studies focusing on cardiovascular diseases. However, the number of clinical and experimental papers dealing with sex differences and heart disease significantly increases during the last years. This trend is obviously the result of at least two facts: the number of examples of different behavior of the male and female heart under physiological and pathological conditions is steadily increasing and there were controversial reports on the beneficial and adverse effect of hormonal replacement therapy. Detailed molecular and cellular mechanisms of these differences are still unknown but one is clear already today: sex differences are so important that they should be considered by the selection of optimum diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in clinical practice. The book presents 16 manuscripts on sex differences of heart disease, as developed by several investigators; the volume is organized in four parts. Part I, dealing with sex differences in cardiac ischemic injury, includes 5 chapters on experimental aspects of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury, the role of testosterone, and clinical aspects of ischemic heart disease. Part II is devoted to sex differences in heart failure and includes four chapters. Discussion in this part of the book is centered around the sex differences in heart failure due to volume overload. Part III of this volume includes four papers on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases, namely hypertension and obesity, and, finally, three chapters in part IV deal with sex differences of cardiac mitochondria under different pathological conditions. We believe this book will be very useful for cardiovascular scientists, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and other health professionals.

Sex Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function

Sex Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function
Author: Peter L. M. Kerkhof,Virginia M. Miller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2018-07-26
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319779324

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This book gathers together contributions from internationally renowned authors in the field of cardiovascular systems and provides crucial insight into the importance of sex- and gender-concepts during the analysis of patient data. This innovative title is the first to offer the elements necessary to consider sex-related properties in both clinical and basic studies regarding the heart and circulation on multiscale levels (i.e. molecular, cellular, electrophysiologically, neuroendocrine, immunoregulatory, organ, allometric, and modeling). Observed differences at (ultra)cellular and organ level are quantified, with focus on clinical relevance and implications for diagnosis and patient management. Since the cardiovascular system is of vital importance for all tissues, Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function is an essential source of information for clinicians, biologists, and biomedical investigators. The wide spectrum of differences described in this book will also act as an eye-opener and serve as a handbook for students, teachers, scientists and practitioners.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2001-07-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0309132975

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It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender Specific Medicine
Author: Marianne J. Legato
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1396
Release: 2004-07-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780080492148

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Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine examines how normal human biology differs between men and women and how the diagnosis and treatment of disease differs as a function of gender. This revealing research covers various conditions that predominantly occur in men, and as well conditions that predominantly occur in women. Among the subjects covered are cardiovascular disease, mood disorders, the immune system, lung cancer as a consequence of smoking, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and infectious diseases. * Gathers important information in the field of gender-based biology and clinical medicine, proving that a patient's sex is increasingly important in preventing illness, making an accurate diagnosis, and choosing safe and effective treatment of disease * Addresses gender-specific areas ranging from organ transplantation, gall bladder and biliary diseases, to the epidemiology of osteoporosis and fractures in men and women * Many chapters present questions about future directions of investigations

Sex Differences in Sports Medicine

Sex Differences in Sports Medicine
Author: Ellen Casey, MD,Monica Rho, MD,Joel Press, MD
Publsiher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-05-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781617052491

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This is the first book dedicated to the musculoskeletal, physiological, hormonal, and other differences between the sexes as they manifest in sports medicine. Organized anatomically from head to toe, this unique reference focuses on the sex-specific differences of men and women to inform clinical care and the management of common sports injuries. Other chapters cover nutrition, hormones, concussion, pain, sports cardiology and pulmonology, and the particular care of adolescent and geriatric patients. The editors have assembled a world-class team of specialists to collaborate on each chapter, and specially commissioned illustrations and tables help visualize the data and findings. While some books focus on “the female athlete” as a discrete category, this book discusses how the many physical stresses of athletics affect both sexes based on the inherent biological differences. The goal is to foster a more comprehensive understanding of the latest research and practice in sports medicine as it applies to all patients. As the field of sports medicine has grown exponentially over the last few decades, this book will serve as an essential resource for physicians, trainers, coaches, and anyone involved in athletics and medicine. Key Features: Provides an evidence-based review of how sex differences affect the risk of injury, presentation, and clinical course of sports-related injuries Anatomically based chapters highlight differences in static structures, dynamic movement, and pathology between the sexes Authors summarize key differences at the end of each chapter Includes special chapters on running and throwing, sports cardiology, sports pulmonology, nutrition, and unique athlete populations

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology
Author: Virginia M. Miller,Virginia L. Miller,Meredith Hay
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 333
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 044451497X

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Differences in physiology between men and women extend far beyond differences in reproductive functions. Medical literature abounds in descriptions of differences in prevalence, symptoms and severity of diseases between men and women including heart attack, rheumatic diseases, gastrointestinal disease and osteoporosis. Much of the information is descriptive rather than mechanistic and scattered throughout a variety of books, review articles and original papers. This book provides a single source that summarizes current basic mechanisms of gene/hormone interactions and their subsequent impact on physiological functions. It is an ideal source material to be used in training the next generation of physician/scientists who will develop a more individualized approach to prevention, diagnosis and therapeutic medical practice.

Basic Physiology for Anaesthetists

Basic Physiology for Anaesthetists
Author: David Chambers,Christopher Huang,Gareth Matthews
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2015-01-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781107637825

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Packed with easily understood, up-to-date and clinically relevant material, this is the only physiology book junior anaesthetists will need.

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease

Stress and Cardiovascular Disease
Author: Paul Hjemdahl,Annika Rosengren,Andrew Steptoe
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2011-10-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 184882419X

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The main aim of this book is to evaluate the concept of stress and provide tools for physicians to identify patients who might benefit from stress management. This will incorporate a detailed description of the physiological and pathophysiological consequences of acute and chronic stress that might lead to cardiovascular disease. The book will aim to critically evaluate interventional research (behavioural and other therapies) and provide evidence based recommendations on how to manage stress in the cardiovascular patient. Our intentions are to define and highlight stress as an etiological factor for cardiovascular disease, and to describe an evidence based "tool box" that physicians may use to identify and manage patients in whom stress may be an important contributing factor for their disease and their risk of suffering cardiovascular complications.

Geigy Scientific Tables

Geigy Scientific Tables
Author: Cornelius Lentner
Publsiher: Ciba Pharmaceutical Company
Total Pages: 278
Release: 1981
Genre: Biochemistry
ISBN: MINN:31951D00430287Z

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Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2010-07-29
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309147743

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Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.