Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology
Author: Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2016-05-10
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128026083

Download Sex Differences in Physiology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
Author: Babbette LaMarca, Ph.D.,Barbara T. Alexander, PhD, FAHA, FAPS
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-06-15
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128131978

Download Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2001-07-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0309132975

Download Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology

Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology
Author: Virginia M. Miller,Virginia L. Miller,Meredith Hay
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2004
Genre: Science
ISBN: 044451497X

Download Principles of Sex based Differences in Physiology Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Differences in physiology between men and women extend far beyond differences in reproductive functions. Medical literature abounds in descriptions of differences in prevalence, symptoms and severity of diseases between men and women including heart attack, rheumatic diseases, gastrointestinal disease and osteoporosis. Much of the information is descriptive rather than mechanistic and scattered throughout a variety of books, review articles and original papers. This book provides a single source that summarizes current basic mechanisms of gene/hormone interactions and their subsequent impact on physiological functions. It is an ideal source material to be used in training the next generation of physician/scientists who will develop a more individualized approach to prevention, diagnosis and therapeutic medical practice.

Sex Differences and Implications for Translational Neuroscience Research

Sex Differences and Implications for Translational Neuroscience Research
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 110
Release: 2011-01-25
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0309187664

Download Sex Differences and Implications for Translational Neuroscience Research Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Biological differences between the sexes influence not only individual health but also public health, biomedical research, and health care. The Institute of Medicine held a workshop March 8-9, 2010, to discuss sex differences and their implications for translational neuroscience research, which bridges the gap between scientific discovery and application.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System
Author: Rebecca M. Shansky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2015-09-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128021989

Download Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Women and Gender

Women and Gender
Author: Catherine Lilian
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2019
Genre: Gender analysis
ISBN: 1682505863

Download Women and Gender Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis Diabetes and Obesity

Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis  Diabetes and Obesity
Author: Franck Mauvais-Jarvis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 627
Release: 2017-12-08
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319701783

Download Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis Diabetes and Obesity Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The book provides a reference for years to come, written by world-renowned expert investigators studying sex differences, the role of sex hormones, the systems biology of sex, and the genetic contribution of sex chromosomes to metabolic homeostasis and diseases. In this volume, leaders of the pharmaceutical industry present their views on sex-specific drug discovery. Many of the authors presented at the Keystone Symposium on “Sex and gender factors affecting metabolic homeostasis, diabetes and obesity” to be held in March 2017 in Lake Tahoe, CA. This book will generate new knowledge and ideas on the importance of gender biology and medicine from a molecular standpoint to the population level and to provide the methods to study them. It is intended to be a catalyst leading to gender-specific treatments of metabolic diseases. There are fundamental aspects of metabolic homeostasis that are regulated differently in males and females, and influence both the development of diabetes and obesity and the response to pharmacological intervention. Still, most preclinical researchers avoid studying female rodents due to the added complexity of research plans. The consequence is a generation of data that risks being relevant to only half of the population. This is a timely moment to publish a book on sex differences in diseases as NIH leadership has asked scientists to consider sex as a biological variable in preclinical research, to ensure that women get the same benefit of medical research as men.