Silicon Germanium SiGe Nanostructures

Silicon Germanium  SiGe  Nanostructures
Author: Y. Shiraki,N Usami
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2011-02-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857091420

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Nanostructured silicon-germanium (SiGe) opens up the prospects of novel and enhanced electronic device performance, especially for semiconductor devices. Silicon-germanium (SiGe) nanostructures reviews the materials science of nanostructures and their properties and applications in different electronic devices. The introductory part one covers the structural properties of SiGe nanostructures, with a further chapter discussing electronic band structures of SiGe alloys. Part two concentrates on the formation of SiGe nanostructures, with chapters on different methods of crystal growth such as molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapour deposition. This part also includes chapters covering strain engineering and modelling. Part three covers the material properties of SiGe nanostructures, including chapters on such topics as strain-induced defects, transport properties and microcavities and quantum cascade laser structures. In Part four, devices utilising SiGe alloys are discussed. Chapters cover ultra large scale integrated applications, MOSFETs and the use of SiGe in different types of transistors and optical devices. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Silicon-germanium (SiGe) nanostructures is a standard reference for researchers focusing on semiconductor devices and materials in industry and academia, particularly those interested in nanostructures. Reviews the materials science of nanostructures and their properties and applications in different electronic devices Assesses the structural properties of SiGe nanostructures, discussing electronic band structures of SiGe alloys Explores the formation of SiGe nanostructuresfeaturing different methods of crystal growth such as molecular beam epitaxy and chemical vapour deposition

Silicon Germanium SiGe Nanostructures for Thermoelectric Devices Recent Advances and New Approaches to High Thermoelectric Efficiency

Silicon Germanium  SiGe  Nanostructures for Thermoelectric Devices  Recent Advances and New Approaches to High Thermoelectric Efficiency
Author: Jaime Andrés Pérez-Taborda
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017
Genre: Science
ISBN: OCLC:1154265941

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Silicon and germanium present distinct and interesting transport properties. However, composites made of silicon-germanium (SiGe) have resulted in a breakthrough in terms of their transport properties. Currently, these alloys are used in different applications, such as microelectronic devices and integrated circuits, photovoltaic cells, and thermoelectric applications. With respect to thermoelectricity, in the last decades, Si0.8Ge0.2 has attracted significant attention as an energy harvesting material, for powering space applications and other industrial applications. This chapter focuses on the recent advances and new approaches in silicon-germanium (Si1−xGex) nanostructures for thermoelectric devices with high thermoelectric efficiency obtained through magnetron sputtering.

Properties of Silicon Germanium and SiGe

Properties of Silicon Germanium and SiGe
Author: Erich Kasper,Klara Lyutovich
Publsiher: Inst of Engineering & Technology
Total Pages: 372
Release: 1999-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0863415571

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The industrial relevance of SiGe has increased dramatically in the last few years with the manufacture of heterojunction bipolar circuits for the commercial wireless and datacomms markets by IBM and TEMIC, with over 20 companies planning manufacture in the near future. Major high technology companies see the development and use of SiGe as an important part of their strategy, so that there is a strong impetus to improve its characterization and exploitation. This liberally illustrated and fully indexed volume distils in a homogeneous, structured way the expertise of some 40 invited authors to comprehensively review the whole range of properties as well as SiGe: C, self-assembled nanostructures, quantum effects and device trends. The book contains 75% more text than Prof. Kasper's earlier book Properties of strained and relaxed SiGe (INSPEC, IEE, 1995), thoroughly updates its content and adds many new topics.

Properties of Silicon Germanium and SiGe Carbon

Properties of Silicon Germanium and SiGe Carbon
Author: Erich Kasper,Klara Lyutovich
Publsiher: Inst of Engineering & Technology
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2000
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0852967837

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The industrial relevance of SiGe has increased dramatically in the last few years with the manufacture of heterojunction bipolar circuits for the commercial wireless and datacomms markets by IBM and TEMIC. Major high technology companies see the development and use of SiGe as an important part of their strategy, so that there is a strong impetus to improve its characterization and exploitation. This liberally illustrated and fully indexed volume distills in a homogeneous, structured way the expertise of some 40 invited authors to comprehensively review the whole range of properties as well as SiGe; C, self-assembled nanostructures, quantum effects and device trends.

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures

Quantum Optics with Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author: Frank Jahnke
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2012-07-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857096395

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An understanding of the interaction between light and matter on a quantum level is of fundamental interest and has many applications in optical technologies. The quantum nature of the interaction has recently attracted great attention for applications of semiconductor nanostructures in quantum information processing. Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is a key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics. Part one provides a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, beginning with a look at resonance fluorescence emission. Quantum optics with single quantum dots in photonic crystal and micro cavities are explored in detail, before part two goes on to review nanolasers with quantum dot emitters. Light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures, including photon statistics and photoluminescence, is the focus of part three, whilst part four explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems. Finally, part five investigates ultrafast phenomena, including femtosecond quantum optics and coherent optoelectronics with quantum dots. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Quantum optics with semiconductor nanostructures is an essential guide for all those involved with the research, development, manufacture and use of semiconductors nanodevices, lasers and optical components, as well as scientists, researchers and students. A key guide to the theory, experimental realisation, and future potential of semiconductor nanostructures in the exploration of quantum optics Chapters provide a comprehensive overview of single quantum dot systems, nanolasers with quantum dot emitters, and light-matter interaction in semiconductor nanostructures Explores all-solid-state quantum optics, crystal nanobeam cavities and quantum-dot microcavity systems, and investigates ultrafast phenomena

Nanoelectronic Materials

Nanoelectronic Materials
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 783
Release: 2019-06-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783030216214

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This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics
Author: Seng Ghee Tan,Mansoor B. A Jalil
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2012-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857095886

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This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices. Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored. Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems

Advanced Adhesives in Electronics

Advanced Adhesives in Electronics
Author: M O Alam,C Bailey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2011-05-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857092892

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Adhesives for electronic applications serve important functional and structural purposes in electronic components and packaging, and have developed significantly over the last few decades. Advanced adhesives in electronics reviews recent developments in adhesive joining technology, processing and properties. The book opens with an introduction to adhesive joining technology for electronics. Part one goes on to cover different types of adhesive used in electronic systems, including thermally conductive adhesives, isotropic and anisotropic conductive adhesives and underfill adhesives for flip-chip applications. Part two focuses on the properties and processing of electronic adhesives, with chapters covering the structural integrity of metal-polymer adhesive interfaces, modelling techniques used to assess adhesive properties and adhesive technology for photonics. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advanced adhesives in electronics is a standard reference for materials scientists, engineers and chemists using adhesives in electronics, as well as those with an academic research interest in the field. Reviews recent developments in adhesive joining technology, processing and properties featuring flip-chip applications Provides a comprehensive overview of adhesive joining technology for electronics including different types of adhesives used in electronic systems Focuses on the properties and processing of electronic adhesives, with chapters covering the structural integrity of metal-polymer adhesive interfaces and modelling techniques

High Temperature Superconductors

High Temperature Superconductors
Author: X G Qiu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2011-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780857091031

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High temperature superconductors have received a great deal of attention in recent years, due to their potential in device and power applications. This book summarises the materials science and physics of all the most important high temperature superconductors as well as discussing material growth, properties and applications. Part one covers fundamental characteristics of high temperature superconductors and high TC films such as deposition technologies, growth, transport properties and optical conductivity. Part two is concerned with growth techniques and properties of high temperature superconductors, including YBCO, BSCCO and HTSC high TC films, and electron-doped cuprates. Finally, part three describes the various applications of high temperature superconductors, from Josephson junctons and dc-superconductive quantum inference devices (dc-SQUIDs) to microwave filters. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this book is an invaluable resource for those researching high temperature superconductors, in industry and academia. In light of the many recent advances in high temperature superconductors, it will benefit physicists, materials scientists and engineers working in this field, as well as in areas of industrial application, such as electronic devices and power transmission. Summarises the materials science and physics of all the most important high temperature superconductors Discusses material growth, properties and applications Outlines fundamental characteristics of high temperature superconductors and high TC films

Stress and Strain Engineering at Nanoscale in Semiconductor Devices

Stress and Strain Engineering at Nanoscale in Semiconductor Devices
Author: Chinmay K. Maiti
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2021-06-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000404937

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Anticipating a limit to the continuous miniaturization (More-Moore), intense research efforts are being made to co-integrate various functionalities (More-than-Moore) in a single chip. Currently, strain engineering is the main technique used to enhance the performance of advanced semiconductor devices. Written from an engineering applications standpoint, this book encompasses broad areas of semiconductor devices involving the design, simulation, and analysis of Si, heterostructure silicongermanium (SiGe), and III-N compound semiconductor devices. The book provides the background and physical insight needed to understand the new and future developments in the technology CAD (TCAD) design at the nanoscale. Features Covers stressstrain engineering in semiconductor devices, such as FinFETs and III-V Nitride-based devices Includes comprehensive mobility model for strained substrates in global and local strain techniques and their implementation in device simulations Explains the development of strain/stress relationships and their effects on the band structures of strained substrates Uses design of experiments to find the optimum process conditions Illustrates the use of TCAD for modeling strain-engineered FinFETs for DC and AC performance predictions This book is for graduate students and researchers studying solid-state devices and materials, microelectronics, systems and controls, power electronics, nanomaterials, and electronic materials and devices.

Surface Microscopy with Low Energy Electrons

Surface Microscopy with Low Energy Electrons
Author: Ernst Bauer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2014-07-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781493909353

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This book, written by a pioneer in surface physics and thin film research and the inventor of Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM), Spin-Polarized Low Energy Electron Microscopy (SPLEEM) and Spectroscopic Photo Emission and Low Energy Electron Microscopy (SPELEEM), covers these and other techniques for the imaging of surfaces with low energy (slow) electrons. These techniques also include Photoemission Electron Microscopy (PEEM), X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscopy (XPEEM), and their combination with microdiffraction and microspectroscopy, all of which use cathode lenses and slow electrons. Of particular interest are the fundamentals and applications of LEEM, PEEM, and XPEEM because of their widespread use. Numerous illustrations illuminate the fundamental aspects of the electron optics, the experimental setup, and particularly the application results with these instruments. Surface Microscopy with Low Energy Electrons will give the reader a unified picture of the imaging, diffraction, and spectroscopy methods that are possible using low energy electron microscopes.

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices
Author: Serge Zhuiykov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2014-02-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422242

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Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors Reviews fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications A vital resource for applied researchers and production engineers working with new semiconductor materials

Integrated Nanodevice and Nanosystem Fabrication

Integrated Nanodevice and Nanosystem Fabrication
Author: Simon Deleonibus
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2017-11-22
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351721783

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Since its invention, the integrated circuit has necessitated new process modules and numerous architectural changes to improve application performances, power consumption, and cost reduction. Silicon CMOS is now well established to offer the integration of several tens of billions of devices on a chip or in a system. At present, there are important challenges in the introduction of heterogeneous co-integration of materials and devices with the silicon CMOS 2D- and 3D-based platforms. New fabrication techniques allowing strong energy and variability efficiency come in as possible players to improve the various figures of merit of fabrication technology. Integrated Nanodevice and Nanosystem Fabrication: Breakthroughs and Alternatives is the second volume in the Pan Stanford Series on Intelligent Nanosystems. The book contains 8 chapters and is divided into two parts, the first of which reports breakthrough materials and techniques such as single ion implantation in silicon and diamond, graphene and 2D materials, nanofabrication using scanning probe microscopes, while the second tackles the scaling and architectural aspects of silicon devices through HiK scaling for nanoCMOS, nanoscale epitaxial growth of group IV semiconductors, design for variability co-optimization in SOI FinFETs, and nanowires for CMOS and diversifications.

Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering

Scientific Computing in Electrical Engineering
Author: Martijn van Beurden
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9783030842383

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Coatings and Thin Film Technologies

Coatings and Thin Film Technologies
Author: Jaime Andres Perez Taborda,Alba Avila
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2019-01-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789848700

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The field of coatings and thin-film technologies is rapidly advancing to keep up with new uses for semiconductor, optical, tribological, thermoelectric, solar, security, and smart sensing applications, among others. In this sense, thin-film coatings and structures are increasingly sophisticated with more specific properties, new geometries, large areas, the use of heterogeneous materials and flexible and rigid coating substrates to produce thin-film structures with improved performance and properties in response to new challenges that the industry presents. This book aims to provide the reader with a complete overview of the current state of applications and developments in thin-film technology, discussing applications, health and safety in thin films, and presenting reviews and experimental results of recognized experts in the area of coatings and thin-film technologies.