Solar Cell Device Physics

Solar Cell Device Physics
Author: Stephen Fonash
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323154635

Download Solar Cell Device Physics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Solar Cell Device Physics offers a balanced, in-depth qualitative and quantitative treatment of the physical principles and operating characteristics of solar cell devices. Topics covered include photovoltaic energy conversion and solar cell materials and structures, along with homojunction solar cells. Semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunction cells and surface-barrier solar cells are also discussed. This book consists of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the basic physical principles and materials properties that are the foundations of photovoltaic energy conversion, with emphasis on various photovoltaic devices capable of efficiently converting solar energy into usable electrical energy. The electronic and optical properties of crystalline, polycrystalline, and amorphous materials with both organic and inorganic materials are considered, together with the manner in which these properties change from one material class to another and the implications of such changes for photovoltaics. Generation, recombination, and bulk transport are also discussed. The two mechanisms of photocarrier collection in solar cells, drift and diffusion, are then compared. The remaining chapters focus on specific solar cell device classes defined in terms of the interface structure employed: homojunctions, semiconductor-semiconductor heterojunctions, and surface-barrier devices. This monograph is appropriate for use as a textbook for graduate students in engineering and the sciences and for seniors in electrical engineering and applied physics, as well as a reference book for those actively involved in solar cell research and development.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells
Author: Jenny Nelson
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2003-05-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781848168237

Download The Physics of Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It is suitable for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers new to the field. It covers: basic physics of semiconductors in photovoltaic devices; physical models of solar cell operation; characteristics and design of common types of solar cell; and approaches to increasing solar cell efficiency. The text explains the terms and concepts of solar cell device physics and shows the reader how to formulate and solve relevant physical problems. Exercises and worked solutions are included.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Author: Pankaj Kumar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2016-10-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781315353623

Download Organic Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book contains detailed information on the types, structure, fabrication, and characterization of organic solar cells (OSCs). It discusses processes to improve efficiencies and the prevention of degradation in OSCs. It compares the cost-effectiveness of OSCs to those based on crystalline silicon and discusses ways to make OSCs more economical. This book provides a practical guide for the fabrication, processing, and characterization of OSCs and paves the way for further development in OSC technology.

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion
Author: Juan Bisquert
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2020-06-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429000140

Download The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Research on advanced energy conversion devices such as solar cells has intensified in the last two decades. A broad landscape of candidate materials and devices were discovered and systematically studied for effective solar energy conversion and utilization. New concepts have emerged forming a rather powerful picture embracing the mechanisms and limitation to efficiencies of different types of devices. The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion introduces the main physico-chemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices for energy conversion and storage, with a detailed view of the principles of solar energy conversion using advanced materials. Key Features include: Highlights recent rapid advances with the discovery of perovskite solar cells and their development. Analyzes the properties of organic solar cells, lithium ion batteries, light emitting diodes and the semiconductor materials for hydrogen production by water splitting. Embraces concepts from nanostructured and highly disordered materials to lead halide perovskite solar cells Takes a broad perspective and comprehensively addresses the fundamentals so that the reader can apply these and assess future developments and technologies in the field. Introduces basic techniques and methods for understanding the materials and interfaces that compose operative energy devices such as solar cells and solar fuel converters.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells
Author: Juan Bisquert
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2017-11-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351395571

Download The Physics of Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.

Physics of Solar Cells

Physics of Solar Cells
Author: Peter Würfel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2008-07-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527618552

Download Physics of Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Peter Würfel describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. Based on the highly successful German version, but thoroughly revised and updated, this edition contains the latest knowledge on the mechanisms of solar energy conversion. Requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, it enables readers to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this knowledge to their own solar cell development.

Physics of Solar Cells

Physics of Solar Cells
Author: Peter Würfel,Uli Würfel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-06-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527413096

Download Physics of Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible. With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Author: Wolfgang Tress
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2014-11-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319100975

Download Organic Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book covers in a textbook-like fashion the basics or organic solar cells, addressing the limits of photovoltaic energy conversion and giving a well-illustrated introduction to molecular electronics with focus on the working principle and characterization of organic solar cells. Further chapters based on the author’s dissertation focus on the electrical processes in organic solar cells by presenting a detailed drift-diffusion approach to describe exciton separation and charge-carrier transport and extraction. The results, although elaborated on small-molecule solar cells and with focus on the zinc phthalocyanine: C60 material system, are of general nature. They propose and demonstrate experimental approaches for getting a deeper understanding of the dominating processes in amorphous thin-film based solar cells in general. The main focus is on the interpretation of the current-voltage characteristics (J-V curve). This very standard measurement technique for a solar cell reflects the electrical processes in the device. Comparing experimental to simulation data, the author discusses the reasons for S-Shaped J-V curves, the role of charge carrier mobilities and energy barriers at interfaces, the dominating recombination mechanisms, the charge carrier generation profile, and other efficiency-limiting processes in organic solar cells. The book concludes with an illustrative guideline on how to identify reasons for changes in the J-V curve. This book is a suitable introduction for students in engineering, physics, material science, and chemistry starting in the field of organic or hybrid thin-film photovoltaics. It is just as valuable for professionals and experimentalists who analyze solar cell devices.

Unconventional Thin Film Photovoltaics

Unconventional Thin Film Photovoltaics
Author: Enrico Da Como,Filippo De Angelis,Henry Snaith,Alison Walker
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 486
Release: 2016-08-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782624066

Download Unconventional Thin Film Photovoltaics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Covering both organic materials, where recent advances in the understanding of device physics is driving progress, and the newly emerging field of mixed halide perovskites, which are challenging the efficiencies of conventional thin film PV cells, this book provides a balanced overview of the experimental and theoretical aspects of these two classes of solar cell. The book explores both the experimental and theoretical aspects of these solar cell classes. Emphasis is placed on understanding the fundamental physics of the devices. The book also discusses modelling over many length scales, from nano to macro. The first book to cover perovskites, this is an important reference for industrialists and researchers working in energy technologies and materials.

Chalcogenide Photovoltaics

Chalcogenide Photovoltaics
Author: Roland Scheer,Hans-Werner Schock
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2011-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 3527633723

Download Chalcogenide Photovoltaics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This first comprehensive description of the most important material properties and device aspects closes the gap between general books on solar cells and journal articles on chalcogenide-based photovoltaics. Written by two very renowned authors with years of practical experience in the field, the book covers II-VI and I-III-VI2 materials as well as energy conversion at heterojunctions. It also discusses the latest semiconductor heterojunction models and presents modern analysis concepts. Thin film technology is explained with an emphasis on current and future techniques for mass production, and the book closes with a compendium of failure analysis in photovoltaic thin film modules. With its overview of the semiconductor physics and technology needed, this practical book is ideal for students, researchers, and manufacturers, as well as for the growing number of engineers and researchers working in companies and institutes on chalcogenide photovoltaics.

Physics and Technology of Amorphous Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells

Physics and Technology of Amorphous Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells
Author: Wilfried G. J. H. M. van Sark,Lars Korte,Francesco Roca
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2011-11-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642222757

Download Physics and Technology of Amorphous Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Today’s solar cell multi-GW market is dominated by crystalline silicon (c-Si) wafer technology, however new cell concepts are entering the market. One very promising solar cell design to answer these needs is the silicon hetero-junction solar cell, of which the emitter and back surface field are basically produced by a low temperature growth of ultra-thin layers of amorphous silicon. In this design, amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) constitutes both „emitter“ and „base-contact/back surface field“ on both sides of a thin crystalline silicon wafer-base (c-Si) where the electrons and holes are photogenerated; at the same time, a-Si:H passivates the c-Si surface. Recently, cell efficiencies above 23% have been demonstrated for such solar cells. In this book, the editors present an overview of the state-of-the-art in physics and technology of amorphous-crystalline heterostructure silicon solar cells. The heterojunction concept is introduced, processes and resulting properties of the materials used in the cell and their heterointerfaces are discussed and characterization techniques and simulation tools are presented.

Principles of Solar Cells LEDs and Diodes

Principles of Solar Cells  LEDs and Diodes
Author: Adrian Kitai
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2011-09-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781444318340

Download Principles of Solar Cells LEDs and Diodes Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

A textbook introducing the physical concepts required for acomprehensive understanding of p-n junction devices, light emittingdiodes and solar cells. Semiconductor devices have made a major impact on the way wework and live. Today semiconductor p-n junction diode devices are experiencing substantial growth:solar cells are used on an unprecedented scale in the renewable energy industry; and light emitting diodes(LEDs) are revolutionizing energy efficient lighting. These twoemerging industries based on p-n junctions make a significantcontribution to the reduction in fossil fuel consumption. Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes covers the twomost important applications of semiconductor diodes - solar cells and LEDs - together with quantitative coverageof the physics of the p-n junction. _ e reader will gain a thorough understanding of p-n junctions asthe text begins with semiconductor and junction device fundamentalsand extends to the practical implementation of semiconductors inboth photovoltaic and LED devices. _ e treatment of a range of importantsemiconductor materials and device structures is also presented in a readable manner. Topics are divided into the following six chapters; • Semiconductor Physics • The PN Junction Diode • Photon Emission and Absorption • The Solar Cell • Light Emitting Diodes • Organic Semiconductors, OLEDs and Solar Cells Containing student problems at the end of each chapter andworked example problems throughout, this textbook is intended forsenior level undergraduate students doing courses in electricalengineering, physics and materials science. Researchers working onsolar cells and LED devices, and those in the electronics industrywould also benefit from the background information the bookprovides.

Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics

Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics
Author: Mary D Archer,Robert Hill
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 868
Release: 2001-06-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781783262052

Download Clean Electricity from Photovoltaics Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Photovoltaic cells provide clean, reversible electrical power from the sun. Made from semiconductors, they are durable, silent in operation and free of polluting emissions. In this book, experts from all sectors of the PV community — materials scientists, physicists, production engineers, economists and environmentalists — give their critical appraisals of where the technology is now and what its prospects are. Contents:The Past and Present (M D Archer)Device Physics of Silicon Solar Cells (J O Schumacher & W Wettling)Principles of Cell Design (J Poortmans et al.)Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells (M A Green)Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells (C R Wronski & D E Carlson)Cadmium Telluride Solar Cells (D Bonnet)Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells (U Rau & H W Schock)Super-High Efficiency III-V Tandem and Multijunction Cells (M Yamaguchi)Organic Photovoltaic Devices (J J M Halls & R H Friend)Quantum Well Solar Cells (J Nelson)Thermophotovoltaic Generation of Electricity (T J Coutts)Concentrator Cells and Systems (A Luque)Cells and Systems for Space Applications (C M Hardingham)Storage of Electrical Energy (R M Dell)Photovoltaic Modules, Systems and Applications (N M Pearsall & R Hill)The Photovoltaic Business: Manufacturers and Markets (B McNelis)The Economics of Photovoltaic Technologies (D Anderson)The Outlook for PV in the 21st Century (E H Lysen & B Yordi) Readership: Physicists, chemists and engineers. Keywords:Electricity;Photovoltaics;Cadmium;Solar CellsReviews:“… is an excellent resource for its intended readership of students, scientists and technologists working in the area … it is well indexed, and includes a handy list of useful web and library references. At the very least, the book deserves a place in the library of every research institution and company working on renewable energy.”Nature “With a broad range of coverage, many references in each chapter, and an appendix listing useful quantities, factors and symbols, this book would be an excellent reference source for any one working in the field of photovoltaics.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine “It is timely, up-to-date and a very comprehensive work. The chapters are written by leading experts in their field who are able to communicate the technology and their enthusiasm … Photovoltaic R&D is a multi-disciplinary activity, and most chapters should be accessible to advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers with a wide range of backgrounds. It can be recommended to those starting a PhD in the area and to existing researchers in other fields who wish to find out what all the excitement is about.”Contemporary Physics

Solar Cells

Solar Cells
Author: Leonid A. Kosyachenko
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2015-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789535121848

Download Solar Cells Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

This book contains chapters in which the problems of modern photovoltaics are considered. The majority of the chapters provide an overview of the results of research and development of different types of solar cells. Such chapters are completed by a justification for a new solar cell structure and technology. Of course, highly effective solar energy conversion is impossible without an in-depth examination of the solar cell components as physical materials. The relations between structural, thermodynamic, and optical properties of the physical material without addressing the band theory of solids are of both theoretical and practical interest. Requirements formulated for the material are also to be used for maximally efficient conversion of solar radiation into useful work.

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies

Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies
Author: Carl S. Ponseca
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2020-01-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000021769

Download Emerging Photovoltaic Technologies Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The need to address the energy problem and formulate a lasting solution to tame climate change has never been so urgent. The rise of various renewable energy sources, such as solar cell technologies, has given humanity a glimpse of hope that can delay the catastrophic effects of these problems after decades of neglect. This review volume provides in-depth discussion of the fundamental photophysical processes as well as the state-of-the-art device engineering of various emerging photovoltaic technologies, including organic (fullerene, non-fullerene, and ternary), dye-sensitized (ruthenium, iron, and quantum dot), and hybrid metal-halide perovskite solar cells. The book is essential reading for graduate and postgraduate students involved in the photophysics and materials science of solar cell technologies.