Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability
Author: Nigel Brandon
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2017-05-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128097243

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability: Critical Challenges in Fuel Cells presents in one volume the most recent research that aims at solving key issues for the deployment of SOFC at a commercial scale and for a wider range of applications. To achieve that, authors from different regions and backgrounds address topics such as electrolytes, contaminants, redox cycling, gas-tight seals, and electrode microstructure. Lifetime issues for particular elements of the fuel cells, like cathodes, interconnects, and fuel processors, are covered as well as new materials. They also examine the balance of SOFC plants, correlations between structure and electrochemical performance, methods for analysis of performance and degradation assessment, and computational and statistical approaches to quantify degradation. For its holistic approach, this book can be used both as an introduction to these issues and a reference resource for all involved in research and application of solid oxide fuel cells, especially those developing understanding in industrial applications of the lifetime issues. This includes researchers in academia and industrial R&D, graduate students and professionals in energy engineering, electrochemistry, and materials sciences for energy applications. It might also be of particular interest to analysts who are looking into integrating SOFCs into energy systems. Brings together in a single volume leading research and expert thinking around the broad topic of SOFC lifetime and durability Explores issues that affect solid oxide fuel cells elements, materials, and systems with a holistic approach Provides a practical reference for overcoming some of the common failure mechanisms of SOFCs Features coverage of integrating SOFCs into energy systems

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells IX

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells IX
Author: S. C. Singhal,J. Mizusaki
Publsiher: The Electrochemical Society
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 1566774659

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Radenka Maric
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2020-12-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780429527845

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Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is as a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells. It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies and processes Includes a review of current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Tatsumi Ishihara
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2009-06-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0387777083

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Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Solid Oxide Based Electrochemical Devices

Solid Oxide Based Electrochemical Devices
Author: Massimiliano Lo Faro
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2020-03-26
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128182864

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Solid Oxide-Based Electrochemical Devices: Advances, Smart Materials and Future Energy Applications provides a complete overview of the theoretical and applied aspects of energy-related solid oxide technologies. The book presents detailed thermodynamic and other basic requirements for fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, batteries, sensors and air treatment devices. It delves into physical-chemical, electrochemical and mechanical properties of smart materials developed and offers insights into fundamental analysis and modeling. Detailed protocols for operation are suggested and discussed, including component development to optimize functionality, cost and upscaling. Practitioners in the fuel cell or power to gas industries, engineering researchers developing new technologies in those areas, and device and system designers can use the in-depth, structured information about the relationship between technologies and materials offered to make better-informed decisions during the planning and implementation of those technologies. Covers the theoretical concepts, components, advances and applications of solid oxide fuel cell, electrolyzer, battery, sensor and pollution abatement technologies Explores applications of new smart and metamaterials in the construction of energy-related solid oxide devices Presents examples of prototypes, including their cost estimate and requirements for large-scale production, integration and operation

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Comprehensive Energy Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 5540
Release: 2018-02-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128149256

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Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells
Author: Fatih Sen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2021-08-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128217146

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Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells explains nanomaterials and nanocomposites as well as the characterization, manufacturing, and design of alcohol fuel cell applications. The advantages of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are significant for reliable and long-lasting portable power sources used in devices such as mobile phones and computers. Even though substantial improvements have been made in DAFC systems over the last decade, more effort is needed to commercialize DAFCs by producing durable, low-cost, and smaller-sized devices. Nanomaterials have an important role to play in achieving this aim. The use of nanotechnology in DAFCs is vital due to their role in the synthesis of nanocatalysts within the manufacturing process. Lately, nanocatalysts containing carbon such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanocoils have also attracted much attention. When compared to traditional materials, carbon-based materials have unique advantages, such as high corrosion resistance, better electrical conductivity, and less catalyst poisoning. This book also covers different aspects of nanocomposites fabrication, including their preparation, design, and characterization techniques for their fuel cell applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers, energy scientists, and electrochemists who are seeking to improve their understanding of how nanomaterials are being used to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of DAFCs. Shows how nanomaterials are being used for the design and manufacture of DAFCs Explores how nanotechnology is being used to enhance the synthesis and catalysis processes to create the next generation of fuel cells Assesses the major challenges of producing nanomaterial-based DAFCs on an industrial scale

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author: K Huang,J B Goodenough
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2009-07-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696511

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High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Hydrogen Energy Engineering

Hydrogen Energy Engineering
Author: Kazunari Sasaki,Hai-Wen Li,Akari Hayashi,Junichiro Yamabe,Teppei Ogura,Stephen M. Lyth
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 593
Release: 2016-09-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9784431560425

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This book focuses on the fundamental principles and latest research findings in hydrogen energy fields including: hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells, hydrogen safety, economics, and the impact on society. Further, the book introduces the latest development trends in practical applications, especially in commercial household fuel cells and commercial fuel cell vehicles in Japan. This book not only helps readers to further their basic knowledge, but also presents the state of the art of hydrogen-energy-related research and development. This work serves as an excellent reference for beginners such as graduate students, as well as a handbook and systematic summary of entire hydrogen-energy systems for scientists and engineers.

Modelling and Process Control of Fuel Cell Systems

Modelling and Process Control of Fuel Cell Systems
Author: Mohd Azlan Hussain,Wan Ramli Wan Daud
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2021-03-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783036505749

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In this Special Issue, we have several papers related to fuel-cell-based cogeneration systems; the management and control of fuel cell systems; the analysis, simulation, and operation of different types of fuel cells; modelling and online experimental validation; and the environment assessment of cathode materials in lithium-ion battery energy generation systems. A paper which gives a comprehensive review with technical guidelines for the design and operation of fuel cells, especially in a cogeneration system setup, which can be an important source of references for the optimal design and operation of various types of fuel cells in cogeneration systems, can also be found in this Special Issue.

Sustainable Energy Systems on Ships

Sustainable Energy Systems on Ships
Author: Francesco Baldi,Andrea Coraddu,Maria E. Mondejar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2022-07-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323859905

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Sustainable Energy Systems on Ships is a comprehensive technical reference for all aspects of energy efficient shipping. The book discusses the technology options to make shipping energy consumption greener, focusing on the smarter integration of energy streams, the introduction of renewable resources and the improvement of control and operability. Chapters not only describe each technology individually, but also analyze their interconnections when implemented onboard, and compare them in terms of suitability for different vessels and economic viability. Readers of Sustainable Energy Systems on Ships will find an invaluable reference suitable for researchers, professionals, and managers involved in the shipping industry and those working on related energy efficiency technologies, fuel cells, and in the transport industry generally. Students of maritime engineering will also be well served by this reference. Clear analysis of the current implementation status of each technology discussed, the barriers for further development, and the potential for large-scale implementation Enables decision-making on the most suitable technologies for each type of vessel Integrates energy efficiency and emission control rules, regulations, technologies (including data science), and challenges in relation to the shipping industry Includes industry case studies on the integration of novel energy conversion technologies and renewable energy sources in operating ships

Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Author: Kushal Sengupta,Sudipta Chatterjee,Kingshuk Dutta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2022-06-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780323907200

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Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Fundamentals, Materials and Applications covers the design, synthesis and performance efficacies of the entire spectrum of oxygen reduction catalysts, extrapolating down to their applications in practical, alternative, renewable energy devices. Catalysts covered include heme inspired iron-based, heme inspired non-iron-based, non-heme-based, noble metal-based, non-noble metal-based and metal-free homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. The book contains critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world, making it of interest to scientists, engineers, industrialists, entrepreneurs and students. Discusses the fundamental aspects of oxygen reduction reactions Offers a comprehensive analysis of the choice and development of catalyst materials for oxygen reduction reaction Reviews emerging catalyst systems for oxygen reduction reaction Includes analyses of catalytic performance parameters to evaluate their efficacy in oxygen reduction reactions under varied operating conditions Covers the importance of oxygen reduction reaction catalysts and processes in real-life applications

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
Author: Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2016-02-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789535122456

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The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Modeling Design Construction and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Modeling  Design  Construction  and Operation of Power Generators with Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Jakub Kupecki
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2018-04-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319756028

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The book summarizes the current state of the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology in power generation applications. It describes the single cells, SOFC stacks, micro-combined heat and power systems, large-scale stationary power generators and polygeneration units. The principles of modeling, simulation and controls of power systems with solid oxide fuel cells are presented and discussed. Authors provide theoretical background of the technology followed by the essential insights into the integrated power systems. Selected aspects of the design, construction and operation of power units in range from single kilowatts to hundreds of kilowatts are presented. Finally, the book reports the selected studies on prototype systems which have been constructed in Europe. The book discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of operation of power generators with solid oxide fuel cells including fabrication of cells, design of stacks, system modeling, simulation of stationary and non-stationary operation of systems, fuel preparation and controls.

Electrochemical Surface Science Basics and Applications

Electrochemical Surface Science  Basics and Applications
Author: Gaetano Granozzi,Nicolas Alonso-Vante
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2019-10-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783039216420

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Electrochemical surface science (EC-SS) is the natural advancement of traditional surface science (where gas–vacuum/solid interfaces are studied) to liquid (solution)/electrified solid interfaces. Such a merging between two different disciplines—i.e., surface science (SS) and electrochemistry—officially advanced ca. three decades ago. The main characteristic of EC-SS versus electrochemistry is the reductionist approach undertaken, inherited from SS and aiming to understand the microscopic processes occurring at electrodes on the atomic level. A few of the exemplary keystone tools of EC-SS include EC-scanning probe microscopies, operando and in situ spectroscopies and electron microscopies, and differential EC mass spectrometry (DEMS). EC-SS indirectly (and often unconsciously) receives a great boost from the requirement for rational design of energy conversion and storage devices for the next generation of energetic landscapes. As a matter of fact, the number of material science groups deeply involved in such a challenging field has tremendously expanded and, within such a panorama, EC and SS investigations are intimately combined in a huge number of papers. The aim of this Special Issue is to offer an open access forum where researchers in the field of electrochemistry, surface science, and materials science could outline the great advances that can be reached by exploiting EC-SS approaches. Papers addressing both the basic science and more applied issues in the field of EC-SS and energy conversion and storage materials have been published in this Special Issue.