Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists
Author: John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2011-04-12
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781118102213

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A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
Author: Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2021-12-04
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780128163429

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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations introduces the notion of chronotopologic data analysis that offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data and provides information about the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes (physical, biological, health, social). It includes models and techniques for handling data that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of the physical laws of change underlying the available numerical datasets, while taking into consideration the in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). It considers the synthesis of scientific theory-based methods (stochastic modeling, modern geostatistics) and data-driven techniques (machine learning, artificial neural networks) so that their individual strengths are combined by acting symbiotically and complementing each other. The notions and methods presented in Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Including real-world practical applications as well as practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of theory-based and data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis and modeling in earth and environmental sciences (including environmental health and human exposure applications). Explores the analysis and processing of chronotopologic (i.e., space-time and spacetime) data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Studies the synthesis of scientific theory and empirical evidence (in its various forms) that offers a mathematically rigorous and physically meaningful assessment of real-world phenomena Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Statistics in Environmental Sciences

Statistics in Environmental Sciences
Author: Valerie David
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2019-09-04
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781786305077

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Statistical tools are indispensable for the environmental sciences. They have become an integral part of the scientific process, from the development of the sampling plan to the obtainment of results. Statistics in Environmental Sciences provides the foundation for the interpretation of quantitative data (basic vocabulary, main laws of probabilities, etc.) and the thinking behind sampling and experimental methodology. It also introduces the principles of statistical tests such as decision theory and examines the key choices in statistical tests, while keeping the established objectives in mind. The book examines the most used statistics in the field of environmental sciences. Detailed descriptions based on concrete examples are given, as well as descriptions obtained through the use of the free software R (whose usage is also presented).

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2021-09-22
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9780323886154

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Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists
Author: Jacek Fabian
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2016-08-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1681175711

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Earth scientists are often involved in taking observations on the earth's surface and its interior. Earth scientists are confronted with many challenges. Phenomena of interest are often deep within the earth surface, in oceans, or in the atmosphere. Collecting data often is costly, time consuming, and hampered by limited access. Geologic events occur at irregular intervals, often widely spaced. Decisions made on the basis of studies in the earth sciences can have significant long term consequences. An understanding of data used in decision making is critical. Exploratory data analysis provides insight into data quality, variability, and structure. Constructing models provides a basis for understanding complex geologic processes and for making inferences. Since earth scientists depend largely on observations, particularly on observations where there is a large portion of uncertainty, Statistics plays a major role in drawing inferences concerning the earth and its interior.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists provides comprehensive theoretical and practical knowledge of statistical applications for solving real-world environmental problems. This book is envisioned for students and practitioners of the earth and environmental sciences who want to practise statistical tools to unravel real problems. It offers a variety of tools that are used across earth science disciplines. Statistical methods need to be understood because today's interesting problems are complex and include uncertainty. These complex problems take account of energy resources, climate change, and geologic hazards.

Introduction to Python in Earth Science Data Analysis

Introduction to Python in Earth Science Data Analysis
Author: Maurizio Petrelli
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2021-09-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030780555

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This textbook introduces the use of Python programming for exploring and modelling data in the field of Earth Sciences. It drives the reader from his very first steps with Python, like setting up the environment and starting writing the first lines of codes, to proficient use in visualizing, analyzing, and modelling data in the field of Earth Science. Each chapter contains explicative examples of code, and each script is commented in detail. The book is minded for very beginners in Python programming, and it can be used in teaching courses at master or PhD levels. Also, Early careers and experienced researchers who would like to start learning Python programming for the solution of geological problems will benefit the reading of the book.

Spatial Data Analysis in the Social and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Data Analysis in the Social and Environmental Sciences
Author: Robert Haining
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 409
Release: 1993-08-26
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 0521448662

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A description of methods for the analysis of spatial data.

Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography Environmental Science and Engineering

Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography  Environmental Science  and Engineering
Author: Miguel F. Acevedo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2012-12-07
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9781466592216

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Providing a solid foundation for twenty-first-century scientists and engineers, Data Analysis and Statistics for Geography, Environmental Science, and Engineering guides readers in learning quantitative methodology, including how to implement data analysis methods using open-source software. Given the importance of interdisciplinary work in sustain