Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems
Author: Andreas Schadschneider,Debashish Chowdhury,Katsuhiro Nishinari
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2010-10-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0080560520

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The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics. Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

Stochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems

Stochastic Transport Processes in Discrete Biological Systems
Author: Eckart Frehland
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2013-03-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642475115

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These notes are in part based on a course for advanced students in the applications of stochastic processes held in 1978 at the University of Konstanz. These notes contain the results of re cent studies on the stochastic description of ion transport through biological membranes. In particular, they serve as an introduction to an unified theory of fluctuations in complex biological transport systems. We emphasize that the subject of this volume is not to introduce the mathematics of stochastic processes but to present a field of theoretical biophysics in which stochastic methods are important. In the last years the study of membrane noise has become an important method in biophysics. Valuable information on the ion transport mechanisms in membranes can be obtained from noise analysis. A number of different processes such as the opening and closing of ion channels have been shown to be sources of the measured current or voltage fluctuations. Bio logical 'transport systems can be complex. For example, the transport process can be coupled to other processes such as chemical reactions and take place in discontinuous structures of molecular dimensions. Furthermore, since there are strong electric fields or high concentration gradients across biological membranes ion transport processes of biological relevance are mostly processes far from equilibrium. For these reasons the development of new theoretical concepts has been necessary. The concept of transport in discrete systems has turned out to be more appropriate than continuum models.

Stochastic Dynamics Out of Equilibrium

Stochastic Dynamics Out of Equilibrium
Author: Giambattista Giacomin,Stefano Olla,Ellen Saada,Herbert Spohn,Gabriel Stoltz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 649
Release: 2019-06-30
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783030150969

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Stemming from the IHP trimester "Stochastic Dynamics Out of Equilibrium", this collection of contributions focuses on aspects of nonequilibrium dynamics and its ongoing developments. It is common practice in statistical mechanics to use models of large interacting assemblies governed by stochastic dynamics. In this context "equilibrium" is understood as stochastically (time) reversible dynamics with respect to a prescribed Gibbs measure. Nonequilibrium dynamics correspond on the other hand to irreversible evolutions, where fluxes appear in physical systems, and steady-state measures are unknown. The trimester, held at the Institut Henri Poincaré (IHP) in Paris from April to July 2017, comprised various events relating to three domains (i) transport in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics; (ii) the design of more efficient simulation methods; (iii) life sciences. It brought together physicists, mathematicians from many domains, computer scientists, as well as researchers working at the interface between biology, physics and mathematics. The present volume is indispensable reading for researchers and Ph.D. students working in such areas.

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology

Stochastic Processes in Cell Biology
Author: Paul C. Bressloff
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 773
Release: 2021
Genre: Biomathematics
ISBN: 9783030725150

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This book develops the theory of continuous and discrete stochastic processes within the context of cell biology. In the second edition the material has been significantly expanded, particularly within the context of nonequilibrium and self-organizing systems. Given the amount of additional material, the book has been divided into two volumes, with volume I mainly covering molecular processes and volume II focusing on cellular processes. A wide range of biological topics are covered in the new edition, including stochastic ion channels and excitable systems, molecular motors, stochastic gene networks, genetic switches and oscillators, epigenetics, normal and anomalous diffusion in complex cellular environments, stochastically-gated diffusion, active intracellular transport, signal transduction, cell sensing, bacterial chemotaxis, intracellular pattern formation, cell polarization, cell mechanics, biological polymers and membranes, nuclear structure and dynamics, biological condensates, molecular aggregation and nucleation, cellular length control, cell mitosis, cell motility, cell adhesion, cytoneme-based morphogenesis, bacterial growth, and quorum sensing. The book also provides a pedagogical introduction to the theory of stochastic and nonequilibrium processes Fokker Planck equations, stochastic differential equations, stochastic calculus, master equations and jump Markov processes, birth-death processes, Poisson processes, first passage time problems, stochastic hybrid systems, queuing and renewal theory, narrow capture and escape, extreme statistics, search processes and stochastic resetting, exclusion processes, WKB methods, large deviation theory, path integrals, martingales and branching processes, numerical methods, linear response theory, phase separation, fluctuation-dissipation theorems, age-structured models, and statistical field theory. This text is primarily aimed at graduate students and researchers working in mathematical biology, statistical and biological physicists, and applied mathematicians interested in stochastic modeling. Applied probabilists should also find it of interest. It provides significant background material in applied mathematics and statistical physics, and introduces concepts in stochastic and nonequilibrium processes via motivating biological applications. The book is highly illustrated and contains a large number of examples and exercises that further develop the models and ideas in the body of the text. It is based on a course that the author has taught at the University of Utah for many years.

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow

Stochastic Evolutions of Dynamic Traffic Flow
Author: Xiqun (Michael) Chen,Li Li,Qixin Shi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 193
Release: 2014-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662445723

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This book reveals the underlying mechanisms of complexity and stochastic evolutions of traffic flows. Using Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements, the authors propose lognormal headway/spacing/velocity distributions and subsequently develop a Markov car-following model to describe drivers’ random choices concerning headways/spacings, putting forward a stochastic fundamental diagram model for wide scattering flow-density points. In the context of highway onramp bottlenecks, the authors present a traffic flow breakdown probability model and spatial-temporal queuing model to improve the stability and reliability of road traffic flows. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of transportation engineering and civil engineering.

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics
Author: Roman Wyrzykowski,Ewa Deelman,Jack Dongarra,Konrad Karczewski,Jacek Kitowski,Kazimierz Wiatr
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2016-04-05
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319321523

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This two-volume-set (LNCS 9573 and 9574) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference of Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics, PPAM 2015, held in Krakow, Poland, in September 2015. The 111 revised full papers presented in both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 196 submissions. The focus of PPAM 2015 was on models, algorithms, and software toolswhich facilitate efficient and convenient utilization of modern parallel and distributed computing architectures, as well as on large-scale applications, including big data problems.

Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics

Noise in Complex Systems and Stochastic Dynamics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
Genre: Noise
ISBN: UOM:39015056305082

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Modeling Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano scale Communications

Modeling  Methodologies and Tools for Molecular and Nano scale Communications
Author: Junichi Suzuki,Tadashi Nakano,Michael John Moore
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2017-03-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319506883

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This book reports on cutting-edge modeling techniques, methodologies and tools used to understand, design and engineer nanoscale communication systems, such as molecular communication systems. Moreover, it includes introductory materials for those who are new to the field. The book’s interdisciplinary approach, which merges perspectives in computer science, the biological sciences and nanotechnology, will appeal to graduate students and researchers in these three areas.The book is organized into five parts, the first of which describes the fundamentals of molecular communication, including basic concepts, models and designs. In turn, the second part examines specific types of molecular communication found in biological systems, such as neuronal communication in the brain. The book continues by exploring further types of nanoscale communication, such as fluorescence resonance energy transfer and electromagnetic-based nanoscale communication, in the third part, and by describing nanomaterials and structures for practical applications in the fourth. Lastly, the book presents nanomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and biomolecular sensing.

Data Driven Traffic Engineering

Data Driven Traffic Engineering
Author: Hubert Rehborn,Micha Koller,Stefan Kaufmann
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-10-23
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128191392

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Data-Driven Traffic Engineering: Understanding of Traffic and Applications Based on Three-Phase Traffic Theory shifts the current focus from using modeling and simulation data for traffic measurements to the use of actual data. The book uses real-world, empirically-derived data from a large fleet of connected vehicles, local observations and aerial observation to shed light on key traffic phenomena. Readers will learn how to develop an understanding of the empirical features of vehicular traffic networks and how to consider these features in emerging, intelligent transport systems. Topics cover congestion patterns, fuel consumption, the influence of weather, and much more. This book offers a unique, data-driven analysis of vehicular traffic in traffic networks, also considering how to apply data-driven insights to the intelligent transport systems of the future. Provides an empirically-driven analysis of traffic measurements/congestion based on real-world data collected from a global fleet of vehicles Applies Kerner’s three-phase traffic theory to empirical data Offers a critical scientific understanding of the underlying concerns of traffic control in automated driving and intelligent transport systems

Traffic and Granular Flow 15

Traffic and Granular Flow  15
Author: Victor L. Knoop,Winnie Daamen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 639
Release: 2016-12-10
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319334820

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The Conference on Traffic and Granular Flow brings together international researchers from different fields ranging from physics to computer science and engineering to discuss the latest developments in traffic-related systems. Originally conceived to facilitate new ideas by considering the similarities of traffic and granular flow, TGF'15, organised by Delft University of Technology, now covers a broad range of topics related to driven particle and transport systems. Besides the classical topics of granular flow and highway traffic, its scope includes data transport (Internet traffic), pedestrian and evacuation dynamics, intercellular transport, swarm behaviour and the collective dynamics of other biological systems. Recent advances in modelling, computer simulation and phenomenology are presented, and prospects for applications, for example to traffic control, are discussed. The conference explores the interrelations between the above-mentioned fields and offers the opportunity to stimulate interdisciplinary research, exchange ideas, and meet many experts in these areas of research.

Modeling Interactions among Pedestrians and Cars in Shared Spaces

Modeling Interactions among Pedestrians and Cars in Shared Spaces
Author: Fatema Tuj Johora
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2022-07-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783658383459

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In this book, a novel agent-based, realistic, and general motion model of pedestrians and (human-driven) vehicles is proposed. It can capture a large variety of interactions and be utilized to assess the applicability of different shared space schemes and in the advent of autonomous vehicles. Sustainable urban traffic and transport is a key to successful future development of our society. Urban traffic is predicted to increase further, and the lack of traffic space makes it undesirable to maintain today's strict separation of different modalities. Shared space design principles promote a flexible use of traffic infrastructure by enabling different traffic modalities to share the same space with few or no explicit regulations. Simulation technologies are becoming an essential tool for traffic planners and managers to analyze future urban areas before new concepts and technologies are applied on the road. The proposed simulation model can suitably replicate the motion behaviors of pedestrians and vehicles from new environments with incremental integration of new behaviors and calibrating model parameters.

Cellular Automata

Cellular Automata
Author: Jaroslaw Was,Georgios Sirakoulis,Stefania Bandini
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 713
Release: 2014-09-12
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319115207

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2014, held in Krakow, Poland, in September 2014. The 67 full papers and 7 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 125 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: theoretical results on cellular automata; cellular automata dynamics and synchronization; modeling and simulation with cellular automata; cellular automata-based hardware and computing; cryptography, networks and pattern recognition with cellular automata. The volume also contains contributions from ACRI 2014 workshops on crowds and cellular automata; asynchronous cellular automata; traffic and cellular automata; and agent-based simulation and cellular automata.

Hyperbolic and Kinetic Models for Self organised Biological Aggregations

Hyperbolic and Kinetic Models for Self organised Biological Aggregations
Author: Raluca Eftimie
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-01-07
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9783030025861

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This book focuses on the spatio-temporal patterns generated by two classes of mathematical models (of hyperbolic and kinetic types) that have been increasingly used in the past several years to describe various biological and ecological communities. Here we combine an overview of various modelling approaches for collective behaviours displayed by individuals/cells/bacteria that interact locally and non-locally, with analytical and numerical mathematical techniques that can be used to investigate the spatio-temporal patterns produced by said individuals/cells/bacteria. Richly illustrated, the book offers a valuable guide for researchers new to the field, and is also suitable as a textbook for senior undergraduate or graduate students in mathematics or related disciplines.

Traffic and Granular Flow 13

Traffic and Granular Flow  13
Author: Mohcine Chraibi,Maik Boltes,Andreas Schadschneider,Armin Seyfried
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 635
Release: 2014-12-05
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319106298

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This book continues the biannual series of conference proceedings, which has become a classical reference resource in traffic and granular research alike, and addresses the latest developments at the intersection of physics, engineering and computational science. These involve complex systems, in which multiple simple agents, be they vehicles or particles, give rise to surprising and fascinating phenomena. The contributions collected in these proceedings cover several research fields, all of which deal with transport. Topics include highway, pedestrian and internet traffic; granular matter; biological transport; transport networks; data acquisition; data analysis and technological applications. Different perspectives, i.e., modeling, simulations, experiments, and phenomenological observations are considered.

Cellular Automata

Cellular Automata
Author: Stefania Bandini,Sara Manzoni,Hiroshi Umeo,Giuseppe Vizzari
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2010-09-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783642159787

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, held in Ascoli Piceno, Italy, in September 2010. The first part of the volume contains 39 revised papers that were carefully reviewed and selected from the main conference; they are organized according to six main topics: theoretical results on cellular automata, modeling and simulation with cellular automata, CA dynamics, control and synchronization, codes and cryptography with cellular automata, cellular automata and networks, as well as CA-based hardware. The second part of the volume comprises 35 revised papers dedicated to contributions presented during ACRI 2010 workshops on theoretical advances, specifically asynchronous cellular automata, and challenging application contexts for cellular automata: crowds and CA, traffic and CA, and the international workshop of natural computing.