Structure and Function of the Extracellular Matrix

Structure and Function of the Extracellular Matrix
Author: Bela Suki
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2021-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128226056

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Structure and Function of the Extracellular Matrix: A Multiscale Quantitative Approach introduces biomechanics and biophysics with applications to understand the biological function of the extracellular matrix in health and disease. A general multiscale approach is followed by investigating behavior from the scale of single molecules, through fibrils and fibers, to tissues of various organ systems. Through mathematical models and structural information, quantitative description of the extracellular matrix function is derived with tissue specific details. The book introduces the properties and organization of extracellular matrix components and quantitative models of the matrix, and guides the reader through predicting functional properties. This book integrates evolutionary biology with multiscale structure to quantitatively understand the function of the extracellular matrix. This approach allows a fresh look into normal functioning as well as the pathological alterations of the extracellular matrix. Professor Suki’s book is written to be useful to undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers interested in the quantitative aspects of the extracellular matrix. Researchers working in mechanotransduction, respiratory and cardiovascular mechanics, and multiscale biomechanics of tendon, cartilage, skin, and bone may also be interested in this book. Examines the evolutionary origins and consequences of the extracellular matrix Delivers the first book to quantitatively treat the extracellular matrix as a multiscale system Presents problems and a set of computational laboratory projects in various chapters to aid teaching and learning Provides an introduction to the properties and organization of the extracellular matrix components

The Extracellular Matrix an Overview

The Extracellular Matrix  an Overview
Author: Robert Mecham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2011-02-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642165559

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Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body

Composition and Function of the Extracellular Matrix in the Human Body
Author: Francesco Travascio
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2016-06-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535124153

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The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an ensemble of non-cellular components present within all tissues and organs of the human body. The ECM provides structural support for scaffolding cellular constituents and biochemical and biomechanical support for those events leading to tissue morphogenesis, differentiation and homeostasis. Essential components of all ECMs are water, proteins and polysaccharides. However, their composition, architecture and bioactivity greatly vary from tissue to tissue in relation to the specific role the ECM is required to assume. This book overviews the role of the ECM in different tissues and organs of the human body.

Calcific Aortic Valve Disease

Calcific Aortic Valve Disease
Author: Elena Aikawa
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2013-06-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789535111504

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Due to population aging, calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) has become the most common heart valve disease in Western countries. No therapies exist to slow this disease progression, and surgical valve replacement is the only effective treatment. Calcific Aortic Valve Disease covers the contemporary understanding of basic valve biology and the mechanisms of CAVD, provides novel insights into the genetics, proteomics, and metabolomics of CAVD, depicts new strategies in heart valve tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and explores current treatment approaches. As we are on the verge of understanding the mechanisms of CAVD, we hope that this book will enable readers to comprehend our current knowledge and focus on the possibility of preventing disease progression in the future.

Extracellular Matrix

Extracellular Matrix
Author: Mark A. Zern,Lola M. Reid
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 628
Release: 1993-04-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0824788303

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Describing state-of-the-art research techniques for clinicians and introducing important clinical perspectives for basic scientists, this reference examines some significant areas of investigation into the biology of the extracellular matrix and its implications in human pathophysiology.;Focusing on the liver and providing a broad survey of the latest information available, Extracellular Matrix: discusses a wide range of models and organ systems; presents pathophysiological studies emphasizing hepatic disease, particularly the development of fibrosis and cirrhosis; furnishes structure and function analyses of the major extracellular matric components, including collagens, laminin, fibronectin, and proteoglycans; delineates the mechanisms leading to increased depositions of the matrix proteins during hepatic fibrogenesis; details new therapeutic approaches to liver disease; and more.;With authoritative contributions from more than 40 leading international experts representing five countries, Extracellular Matrix should be a useful reference for all scientists interested in matrix biology, chemistry, or pathobiology, especially gastroenterologists, hepatologists, pathologists, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

Extracellular Matrix Pathobiology and Signaling

Extracellular Matrix  Pathobiology and Signaling
Author: Nikos Karamanos
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 938
Release: 2012-08-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783110258776

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Over the last decades cell biology and biological chemistry have increasingly turned their attention to the space between cells and revealed an elaborate network of macromolecules essential for structural support, cell migration, adhesion and signaling. This comprehensive handbook of the extracellular matrix is organized into seven thematic sections, giving an overview of the current state of knowledge of matrix components (structure and function), their roles in health and disease (matrix pathobiology) as well as new concepts of pharmacological targeting.

Extracellular Matrix in Development

Extracellular Matrix in Development
Author: Douglas W. DeSimone,Robert Mecham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2013-03-15
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783642359354

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Cells in the developing embryo depend on signals from the extracellular environment to help guide their differentiation. An important mediator in this process is the extracellular matrix – secreted macromolecules that interact to form large protein networks outside the cell. During development, the extracellular matrix serves to separate adjacent cell groups, participates in establishing morphogenic gradients, and, through its ability to interact directly will cell-surface receptors, provides developmental clocks and positional information. This volume discusses how the extracellular matrix influences fundamental developmental processes and how model systems can be used to elucidate ECM function. The topics addressed range from how ECM influences early development as well as repair processes in the adult that recapitulate developmental pathways.

Tissue Regeneration

Tissue Regeneration
Author: Hussein Abdelhay Essayed Kaoud
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2018-06-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789232608

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Tissue regeneration is a vast subject, with many different important aspects to consider. Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that tries to change the course of chronic diseases and, in many cases, regenerates the organ systems that fail due to age, disease, damage, or genetic defects. The main purpose of this book is to point out the interest of some important topics of tissue regeneration and the progress in this field as well as the variety of different surgical fields and operations. This book includes 7 sections and 11 chapters that provide an overview of the essentials in tissue regeneration science and their potential applications in surgery. The authors of each chapter have given consolidated information on ground realities and attempted to provide a comprehensive knowledge of tissue engineering and regeneration. This book will be useful to researchers and students of biological and biomedical sciences (medical and veterinarian researchers).

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix

Cell Biology of Extracellular Matrix
Author: E.D. Hay
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2013-11-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461537700

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In the ten-year interval since the first edition of this volume went to press, our knowledge of extracellular matrix (ECM) function and structure has enor mously increased. Extracellular matrix and cell-matrix interaction are now routine topics in the meetings and annual reviews sponsored by cell biology societies. Research in molecular biology has so advanced the number of known matrix molecules and the topic of gene structure and regulation that we won dered how best to incorporate the new material. For example, we deliberated over the inclusion of chapters on molecular genetics. We decided that with judicious editing we could present the recent findings in molecular biology within the same cell biology framework that was used for the first edition, using three broad headings: what is extracellular matrix, how is it made, and what does it do for cells? Maintaining control over the review of literature on the subject of ECM was not always an easy task, but we felt it was essential to production of a highly readable volume, one compact enough to serve the the student as an introduction and the investigator as a quick update on graduate the important recent discoveries. The first edition of this volume enjoyed con hope the reader finds this edition equally useful. siderable success; we D. Hay Elizabeth vii Contents Introductory Remarks 1 Elizabeth D. Hay PART I. WHAT IS EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX? Chapter 1 Collagen T. F. Linsenmayer 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. The Collagen Molecule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2. 1. Triple-Helical Domain(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Extracellular Matrix

Extracellular Matrix
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 436
Release: 1985
Genre: Extracellular matrix
ISBN: 0845126237

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Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author: Bruce Alberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0815332181

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Cell Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer

Cell Extracellular Matrix Interactions in Cancer
Author: Roy Zent,Ambra Pozzi
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2010-10-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781441908155

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Cancer was thought to originate from alterations in intercellular signaling that resulted in the transformation of cells, their uncontrolled proliferation and metastasis. There is now an increasing body of evidence demonstrating that the surrounding matrix and cell-matrix interactions are also major players in this process. Cells adhere and receive signals from various extracellular matrices via transmembrane receptors, the best known of which are the heterodimeric glycoproteins, integrins.

Structure and function of Collagen types

Structure and function of Collagen types
Author: Richard Maynes
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2012-12-02
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9780323155717

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Structure and Function of Collagen Types is a collection of articles that reviews the different types of collagens (Type I to XI). Each article focuses on a particular type of collagen and written by leading investigators in the collagen field. The book begins with a review of the fibril forming collagens (types I, II, and III) and traces the early work on the structure of these collagens to our knowledge of the structure of the collagen genes. This chapter is followed by a detailed description of type IV (basement membrane) collagen. Chapter 3 addresses the biosynthesis and chain assembly of type V collagen. The evidence that type VI collagen is assembled to form tetramers is presented in chapter 4. The subsequent article shows that type VII collagens are assembled to form partially overlapping dimers. Chapter 6 presents the structure of type VIII collagen. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 discuss the structure and characteristics of collagens that are synthesized by cartilaginous tissues and these are designated as type IX, type X, and type XI. The final chapter reviews the recombinant DNA techniques used to investigate collagen structure and the possibility to recognize new collagen types from a cDNA library. Physiologists, cell biologists, and researchers in the field of collagen will find the text very insightful.

Extracellular Matrix

Extracellular Matrix
Author: A. H. Reddi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 462
Release: 1985-12
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0471847682

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Biochemistry of Collagens Laminins and Elastin

Biochemistry of Collagens  Laminins and Elastin
Author: Morten Karsdal
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2019-05-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128170694

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There are 28 different collagens, with 46 unique chains, which allows for a collagen for each time and place. Some collagens are specialized for basement membrane, whereas others are the central structural component of the interstitial matrix. There are eight collagens among the 20 most abundant proteins in the body, which makes these molecules essential building blocks of tissues. In addition, lessons learned from monogenomic mutations in these proteins result in grave pathologies, exemplifying their importance in development. These molecules, and their post-translationally modified products serve as biomarkers of diseases in a range of pathologies associated with the extracellular matrix. Biochemistry of Collagens, Laminins, and Elastin: Structure, Function, and Biomarkers, Second Edition provides researchers and students current data on key structural proteins (collagens, laminins, and elastin), reviews on how these molecules affect pathologies, and information on how selected modifications of proteins can result in altered signaling properties of the original extracellular matrix component. Further, it discusses the novel concept that an increasing number of components of the extracellular matrix harbor cryptic signaling functions that may be viewed as endocrine function, and it highlights how this knowledge can be exploited to modulate fibrotic disease. Provides an updated comprehensive introduction to collagen and structural proteins Gives insight into emerging analytical technologies that can detect biomarkers of extracellular matrix degradation Includes seven new chapters, including one on how collagen biomarkers are used in clinical research to support drug development and in precision medicine Contains insights into the biochemical interactions and changes to structural composition of proteins in disease states Proves the importance of proteins for collagen assembly, function, and durability