Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
Author: Q Wei
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-08-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845696689

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The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special requirements for a variety of applications. The surface modification of textiles may be achieved by various techniques ranging from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches. This book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterisation and explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification of a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding chapters discuss surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles. Surface modification of textiles is a valuable resource for chemists, surface scientists, textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and textile students. Reviews fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterisation Examines various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles Discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Surface Modification of Textiles

Surface Modification of Textiles
Author: Q Wei
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2009-09-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1439811024

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Covering everything from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches, this book reviews fundamental issues relating to textile surfaces and their characterization. It explores the exciting opportunities for surface modification in a range of different textiles to meet special requirements for various applications. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques employed for improved functional behavior of textiles and the various surface characterization methods available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapor deposition, to the use of nanoparticles. The book concludes by discussing surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles.

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
Author: Christopher Pastore,Paul Kiekens
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2000-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0824700023

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An exploration of the surface characteristics of fibres and textiles. It emphasizes how fibre surface affects permeability, stiffness, strength, dyeing, wrinkling, and other performance characteristics to optimize production. It also illustrates methods for developing wrinkle-resistant finishes on fibre surfaces using environmentally friendly techniques.

Frontiers of Textile Materials

Frontiers of Textile Materials
Author: Mohd Shabbir,Shakeel Ahmed,Javed N. Sheikh
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2020-03-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119620419

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The book “Frontiers and Textile Materials will deal with the important materials that can be utilized for value-addition and functionalization of textile materials. The topics covered in this book includes the materials like enzymes, polymers, etc. that are utilized for conventional textile processing and the advanced materials like nanoparticles which are expected to change the horizons of textiles. The futuristic techniques for textile processing like plasma are also discussed.

Biodegradable Green Composites

Biodegradable Green Composites
Author: Susheel Kalia
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2016-02-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118911099

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This book comprehensively addresses surface modification of natural fibers to make them more effective, cost-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Topics include the elucidation of important aspects surrounding chemical and green approaches for the surface modification of natural fibers, the use of recycled waste, properties of biodegradable polyesters, methods such as electrospinning, and applications of hybrid composite materials.

Textile Finishing

Textile Finishing
Author: K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2017-08-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119426851

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Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled “Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends” is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; “self-cleaning” or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced “green” or “greener” biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.

Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
Author: P. Brown,K Stevens
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2007-10-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845693732

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Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews its impact in developing a new generation of textile fibers with enhanced functionality and a wide range of applications. The first part of the book reviews nanofiber production, discussing how different fiber types can be produced using electrospinning techniques. Part two analyses the production and properties of carbon nanotubes and polymer nanocomposites and their applications in such areas as aerospace engineering. The third part of the book considers ways of using nanotechnology to improve polymer properties such as thermal stability and dyeability. The final part of the book reviews the use of nanotechnology to modify textile surfaces, including the use of coatings and films, in order to improve hydrophobic, filtration and other properties. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles is a valuable reference in assessing and using a new generation of textile fibers in applications as diverse as tissue and aerospace engineering. Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials Learn about a new generation of textile fibers that have a wide range of applications Examines how to improve polymer properties

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing
Author: Jamshed A Khan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2016-04-01
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1681173239

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Years of human ignorance has diminished our natural resources and aged our planet. Now, people are making an effort to change the way they are treating the planet. Being more environmentally conscious about the impact materials used for fashion have on our planet is one-way designers can reduce waste and help enable a better world. By going eco-friendly can be less harmful to our natural resources. Not all fashion is following this eco-friendly trend, but more designers are embracing the trend toward eco-fashion than ever before. If the entire fashion industry became eco-friendly, it would make a huge difference for future generations because the fashion industry employs over a billion people globally. There is need for eco-friendly wet processing that is sustainable and beneficial methods. Number of sustainable practices has been implemented by various textile processing industries such as Eco- friendly bleaching; Peroxide bleaching; Eco-friendly dyeing and Printing; Low impact dyes; Natural dyes; Azo Free dyes; Phthalates Free Printing. There are a variety of materials considered "environmentally-friendly" for a variety of reasons. The industry is desperately in the need of newer and very efficient dyeing/finishing and functional treatments of textiles. There is growing awareness and readiness to adapt new perspective on industrial upgradation of Cleaner Production Programme, such new technologies help enterprises achieve green production and cost reduction at the same time. Green Production has become necessary for enterprises under the upgrade and transformation policy. The book Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing covers topics in the area of sustainable practices in textile dyeing and finishing.

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles

Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles
Author: Mohammad Shahid,Ravindra Adivarekar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2020-06-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811536694

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the field of functional finishing of textiles, describing the state-of-the-art research and well-established techniques applied in the textile industry, and covering all areas of textile dyeing and finishing. It is intended for academic researchers and professionals in related scientific and engineering fields, including textile engineering, chemistry, nanotechnology, material science, biotechnology and environmental science. The book also provides reference material for stakeholders looking for innovative technologies and insights into the environmental and sustainability issues in the development of functional textiles and related products.

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

Plasma Technologies for Textiles
Author: Roshan Shishoo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2007-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781845692575

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Plasma technologies present an environmentally-friendly and versatile way of treating textile materials in order to enhance a variety of properties such as wettability, liquid repellency, dyeability and coating adhesion. Recent advances made in commercially viable plasma systems have greatly increased the potential of using plasma technology in industrial textile finishing. This pioneering book provides an essential guide to both the technology and science related to plasmas and its practical applications in the textile industry. The first part of the book discusses the science and technology behind plasmas. Chapters give detailed and comprehensive descriptions on the characteristics of plasmas and methods of control and treatment in the processing of textiles. Both low pressure cold plasma and atmospheric pressure cold plasma processes are described as well as the diagnosis and control of plasma parameters in plasma generating reactors. A chapter is devoted to the use of plasma technology to achieve nanoscale treatment of textile surfaces. The second part of the book concentrates on specific applications of plasma technologies. Chapters cover treatments for water and oil repellency of textiles, engineering of biomedical textiles and woollen finishing techniques through the use of plasma technologies. Further chapters cover the modification of fibres for use in composites and the potential use of plasma technologies for the finishing of fabrics made of man made fibres. The final chapter in the book gives a comprehensive analysis of the surface chemical and physical characterisation of plasma treated fabrics. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, Plasma technologies for textiles is an invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists alike. Summarises both the science and technology of plasma processing, and its practical applications Discusses how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling An invaluable reference for researchers, scientists and technologists

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles
Author: M. J. Schick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 1977-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0824765311

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This book combines surface science and technology in its presentation of the progress made in the technology related to the surface characteristics of natural, synthetic, and glass fibers and textile. It offers critical reviews, which describe experimental facts, theories, and processes.

Wetting and Wettability

Wetting and Wettability
Author: Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-12-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535122159

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On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles
Author: Chi-wai Kan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2014-09-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781439839447

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Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.

Advances in Textile Biotechnology

Advances in Textile Biotechnology
Author: V Nierstrasz,A Cavaco-Paulo
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2010-09-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780857090232

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Biotechnology has impacted the textiles industry through the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes, as well as enabling the design of improved textile materials. This book will provide a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry. Part one of the book opens with a review of technologies involved in textile biotechnology. Chapters explore the design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications and developments in processes and equipment for enzymatic textile treatments. Part two investigates the modification of particular fibres through the use of biotechnology. Key topics include the treatment of wool and silk fibres and the enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton. With expert contributions from leaders in their fields, Advances in textile biotechnology is a comprehensive guide for those in the textile and fibre industry, as well as experts in the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries. Provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the fibre and textile industry Explores production of enzymes, searching for efficient production systems and also documents the advantages and limitations associated with the process Reviews the debate surrounding enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton along with engineering of plants for improved fibre qualities

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres
Author: Robert R Mather,Roger H Wardman
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 439
Release: 2015-11-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782626367

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Textiles are ubiquitous materials that many of us take for granted in our everyday lives. We rely on our clothes to protect us from the environment and use them to enhance our appearance. Textiles also find applications in transport, healthcare, construction, and many other industries. The revised and updated 2nd Edition of The Chemistry of Textile Fibres highlights the trend towards the synthesis, from renewable resources, of monomers for making synthetic fibres. It contains new information on the influence of legislation and the concerns of environmental organisations on the use of chemicals in the textile industry. New sections on genetically modified cotton, anti-microbial materials and spider silk have been added as well as a new chapter covering functional fibres and fabrics. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of textile fibres that are available today, ranging from natural fibres to the high-performance fibres that are very technologically advanced. Readers will gain an appreciation of why particular types of fibre are used for certain applications through understanding the chemistry behind their properties. Students following ‘A’ level courses or equivalent and first-year undergraduate students reading textile technology subjects at university will find this book a valuable source of information.