The Evaluation of Research by Scientometric Indicators

The Evaluation of Research by Scientometric Indicators
Author: Peter Vinkler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2010-01-20
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9781780630250

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Aimed at academics, academic managers and administrators, professionals in scientometrics, information scientists and science policy makers at all levels. This book reviews the principles, methods and indicators of scientometric evaluation of information processes in science and assessment of the publication activity of individuals, teams, institutes and countries. It provides scientists, science officers, librarians and students with basic and advanced knowledge on evaluative scientometrics. Especially great stress is laid on the methods applicable in practice and on the clarification of quantitative aspects of impact of scientific publications measured by citation indicators. Written by a highly knowledgeable and well-respected scientist in the field Provides practical and realistic quantitative methods for evaluating scientific publication activities of individuals, teams, countries and journals Gives standardized descriptions and classification of the main categories of evaluative scientometrics

Scientometric Indicators

Scientometric Indicators
Author: Tibor Braun,Wolfgang Gl„nzel,Andr s Schubert
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 424
Release: 1985
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9971966697

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After a brief account of the recent trends in science indicatiors research, the authors propose a coherent system of scientometric indicators. These indicators are based on the publication performance of each country in 8 science fields and reflect the versatility of the impact of the publication activity in the country in question. The special aim of the indicator system is to characterize and compare the contribution of research-intensive, medium-sized and small countries to the world's overall scientific research activity. Indicator values for 32 such countries are reported and evaluated. Relations to other economic, social and science indicators are discussed.This book is intended both as a data source and an analytic tool for specialists engaged in science policy, science management, science indicators research, scientometrics and other areas of science as well as a tool for practising research scientists.

Scholarly Content and Its Evolution by Scientometric Indicators Emerging Research and Opportunities

Scholarly Content and Its Evolution by Scientometric Indicators  Emerging Research and Opportunities
Author: Wani, Zahid Ashraf,Zainab, Tazeem
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 201
Release: 2018-08-03
Genre: Reference
ISBN: 9781522559467

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The twenty-first century brought unique developments in science and technology. Research surged as individuals sought to uncover hidden knowledge, leading to the introduction of research evaluation to ensure precise and fair research output and dissemination. Scholarly Content and Its Evolution by Scientometric Indicators: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the application of research evaluation, specifically through the lens of scientometrics. While highlighting topics such as bibliometrics and the h-index, this publication explores a full range of research indicators available for the evaluation and assessment of scientific literature. This book is ideally designed for scholars, professors, academicians, researchers, and graduate-level students seeking current research on metric science.

Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators

Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators
Author: Roberto Todeschini,Alberto Baccini
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2016-08-22
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9783527337040

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At last, the first systematic guide to the growing jungle of citation indices and other bibliometric indicators. Written with the aim of providing a complete and unbiased overview of all available statistical measures for scientific productivity, the core of this reference is an alphabetical dictionary of indices and other algorithms used to evaluate the importance and impact of researchers and their institutions. In 150 major articles, the authors describe all indices in strictly mathematical terms without passing judgement on their relative merit. From widely used measures, such as the journal impact factor or the h-index, to highly specialized indices, all indicators currently in use in the sciences and humanities are described, and their application explained. The introductory section and the appendix contain a wealth of valuable supporting information on data sources, tools and techniques for bibliometric and scientometric analysis - for individual researchers as well as their funders and publishers.

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Library Science Information Management and Scholarly Inquiry

Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Library Science  Information Management  and Scholarly Inquiry
Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 684
Release: 2018-11-02
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9781522576600

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As the academic and scholarly landscape are continuously enhanced by the advent of new technology, librarians must be aware and informed to develop and implement best practices. Effective administration of libraries is a crucial part of delivering library services to patrons and ensuring that information resources are disseminated efficiently. Advanced Methodologies and Technologies in Library Science, Information Management, and Scholarly Inquiry provides emerging information on modern knowledge management and effective means of sharing research through libraries. While highlighting the importance of digital literacy and information resources, readers will also learn new methods in information retrieval and research methods in quality scholarly inquiry. This book is an important resource for librarians, administrators, information science professionals, information technology specialists, students, and researchers seeking current information on the importance of effective library science technology.

Research evaluation metrics

Research evaluation metrics
Author: Das, Anup Kumar
Publsiher: UNESCO Publishing
Total Pages: 120
Release: 2015-04-27
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789231000829

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Scientometric Indicators

Scientometric Indicators
Author: T Braun,W Glanzel,A Schubert
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 250
Release: 1985-07-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789814508001

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After a brief account of the recent trends in science indicatiors research, the authors propose a coherent system of scientometric indicators. These indicators are based on the publication performance of each country in 8 science fields and reflect the versatility of the impact of the publication activity in the country in question. The special aim of the indicator system is to characterize and compare the contribution of research-intensive, medium-sized and small countries to the world's overall scientific research activity. Indicator values for 32 such countries are reported and evaluated. Relations to other economic, social and science indicators are discussed. This book is intended both as a data source and an analytic tool for specialists engaged in science policy, science management, science indicators research, scientometrics and other areas of science as well as a tool for practising research scientists. Contents: Methodological RudimentsIndicators of Scientific Research on National LevelData Sources and Data ProcessingScientometric Indicators for 32 Countries (Argentina, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, German Dem. Rep., Greece, Hungary, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, People's Rep. China, Poland, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Yugoslavia) Readership: Scientists in general, information scientists in particular, science policy makers and research managers. Keywords:Bibliometrics;Citation Statistics;Impact Factor;Indicators;Publication Statistics;Research Evaluation;Science Indicators;Scientometrics

Scientometric Indicators and Webometrics and the Polyrepresentation Principle in Information Retrieval

Scientometric Indicators and Webometrics and the Polyrepresentation Principle in Information Retrieval
Author: Peter Ingwersen
Publsiher: Ess Ess Publication
Total Pages: 80
Release: 2012
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 8170006570

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This book contains the text of three lectures from the 28th Sarada Ranganathan Endowment Lectures, held in Bangalore in December 2010. The lectures were delivered by Dr. Peter Ingwersen, Professor at the Danish School of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen. The first lecture on scientometric indicators presented two fundamental models of scientific communication: the classic one - mainly providing access to document records in library catalogues and bibliographic databases - and the digitized one - relying on open access and diversified document access potentials. The lecture contextualizes, characterizes, and exemplifies the concept of 'scientometrics.' The second lecture on the range of webometrics provided insights into the history of webometrics in context of other research evaluation methods. The lecture exemplified selected cases, both from traditional webometric analyses and new ones based on scientific dataset usage and comparisons of link and download/reading patterns for newspapers. The third lecture on poly-representation provides an integrated and explicitly cognitive framework for understanding the process involved in information retrieval. The lecture outlined the principle of poly-representation with a focus on the kinds of representations involved. The potentials, strengths, and problems of applying the principle are discussed in the light of recent studies. The challenges and opportunities for future research are identified along a poly-representation continuum.

Applied Evaluative Informetrics

Applied Evaluative Informetrics
Author: Henk F. Moed
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2017-09-08
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783319605227

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This book presents an introduction to the field of applied evaluative informetrics, dealing with the use of bibliometric or informetric indicators in research assessment. It sketches the field’s history, recent achievements, and its potential and limits. The book dedicates special attention to the application context of quantitative research assessment. It describes research assessment as an evaluation science, and distinguishes various assessment models, in which the domain of informetrics and the policy sphere are disentangled analytically. It illustrates how external, non-informetric factors influence indicator development, and how the policy context impacts the setup of an assessment process. It also clarifies common misunderstandings in the interpretation of some often used statistics. Addressing the way forward, the book expresses the author’s critical views on a series of fundamental problems in the current use of research performance indicators in research assessment. Highlighting the potential of informetric techniques, a series of new features is proposed that could be implemented in future assessment processes. It sketches a perspective on altmetrics and proposes new lines in longer term, strategic indicator research. It is written for interested scholars from all domains of science and scholarship, and especially for all those subjected to research assessment, research students at advanced master and PhD level, research managers, funders and science policy officials, and to practitioners and students in the field.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology Fourth Edition

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology  Fourth Edition
Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 8104
Release: 2017-06-20
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9781522522560

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In recent years, our world has experienced a profound shift and progression in available computing and knowledge sharing innovations. These emerging advancements have developed at a rapid pace, disseminating into and affecting numerous aspects of contemporary society. This has created a pivotal need for an innovative compendium encompassing the latest trends, concepts, and issues surrounding this relevant discipline area. During the past 15 years, the Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology has become recognized as one of the landmark sources of the latest knowledge and discoveries in this discipline. The Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Fourth Edition is a 10-volume set which includes 705 original and previously unpublished research articles covering a full range of perspectives, applications, and techniques contributed by thousands of experts and researchers from around the globe. This authoritative encyclopedia is an all-encompassing, well-established reference source that is ideally designed to disseminate the most forward-thinking and diverse research findings. With critical perspectives on the impact of information science management and new technologies in modern settings, including but not limited to computer science, education, healthcare, government, engineering, business, and natural and physical sciences, it is a pivotal and relevant source of knowledge that will benefit every professional within the field of information science and technology and is an invaluable addition to every academic and corporate library.

Beyond Bibliometrics

Beyond Bibliometrics
Author: Blaise Cronin,Cassidy R. Sugimoto
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2014-05-16
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9780262525510

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A comprehensive, state-of-the-art examination of the changing ways we measure scholarly performance and research impact. Bibliometrics has moved well beyond the mere tracking of bibliographic citations. The web enables new ways to measure scholarly productivity and impact, making available tools and data that can reveal patterns of intellectual activity and impact that were previously invisible: mentions, acknowledgments, endorsements, downloads, recommendations, blog posts, tweets. This book describes recent theoretical and practical advances in metrics-based research, examining a variety of alternative metrics—or “altmetrics”—while also considering the ethical and cultural consequences of relying on metrics to assess the quality of scholarship. Once the domain of information scientists and mathematicians, bibliometrics is now a fast-growing, multidisciplinary field that ranges from webometrics to scientometrics to influmetrics. The contributors to Beyond Bibliometrics discuss the changing environment of scholarly publishing, the effects of open access and Web 2.0 on genres of discourse, novel analytic methods, and the emergence of next-generation metrics in a performance-conscious age. Contributors Mayur Amin, Judit Bar-Ilan, Johann Bauer, Lutz Bornmann, Benjamin F. Bowman, Kevin W. Boyack, Blaise Cronin, Ronald Day, Nicola De Bellis, Jonathan Furner, Yves Gingras, Stefanie Haustein, Edwin Henneken, Peter A. Hook, Judith Kamalski, Richard Klavans, Kayvan Kousha, Michael Kurtz, Mark Largent, Julia Lane, Vincent Larivière, Loet Leydesdorff, Werner Marx, Katherine W. McCain, Margit Palzenberger, Andrew Plume, Jason Priem, Rebecca Rosen, Hermann Schier, Hadas Shema, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Mike Thelwall, Daril Vilhena, Jevin West, Paul Wouters

Evaluating Science and Scientists

Evaluating Science and Scientists
Author: Mark S. Frankel,Jane Cave
Publsiher: Central European University Press
Total Pages: 238
Release: 1997-01-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789633865668

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The shift to a market economy in post-communist Eastern Europe has had a profound impact on science and scientists across the region, leading to reforms in research management practices and to drastic cuts in funding levels everywhere. Many countries are moving to a system of competitive research grants awarded on the basis of peer review. The introduction of peer review is not simply a technical matter. It signifies a fundamental change in the social structure of science, enhancing profession-al autonomy and giving working scientists a voice in the allocation of resources. This book combines first-hand accounts of the reform process with analyses of the strengths and weaknesses of both peer review and quantitative indicators.

Transforming Research Excellence

Transforming Research Excellence
Author: L. Wallace,Robert Tijssen
Publsiher: African Books Collective
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-01-07
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9781928502074

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Modern-day science is under great pressure. A potent mix of increasing expectations, limited resources, tensions between competition and cooperation, and the need for evidence-based funding is creating major change in how science is conducted and perceived. Amidst this perfect storm is the allure of research excellence, a concept that drives decisions made by universities and funders, and defines scientists research strategies and career trajectories. But what is excellent science? And how to recognise it? After decades of inquiry and debate there is still no satisfactory answer. Are we asking the wrong question? Is reality more complex, and excellence in science more elusive, than many are willing to admit? And how should excellence be defined in different parts of the world, particularly in lower-income countries of the Global South where science is expected to contribute to pressing development issues, despite often scarce resources? Many wonder whether the Global South is importing, with or without consenting, the flawed tools for research evaluation from North America and Europe that are not fit for purpose. This book takes a critical view of these issues, touching on conceptual issues and practical problems that inevitably emerge when excellence is at the center of science systems. Emerging from the capacity-building work of the Science Granting Councils Initiative in sub-Saharan Africa, it speaks to scholars, as well as to managers and funders of research around the world. Confronting sticky problems and uncomfortable truths, the chapters contain insights and recommendations that point towards new solutions both for the Global South and the Global North.

Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators

Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators
Author: Roberto Todeschini,Alberto Baccini
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2016-05-04
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9783527681945

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At last, the first systematic guide to the growing jungle of citation indices and other bibliometric indicators. Written with the aim of providing a complete and unbiased overview of all available statistical measures for scientific productivity, the core of this reference is an alphabetical dictionary of indices and other algorithms used to evaluate the importance and impact of researchers and their institutions. In 150 major articles, the authors describe all indices in strictly mathematical terms without passing judgement on their relative merit. From widely used measures, such as the journal impact factor or the h-index, to highly specialized indices, all indicators currently in use in the sciences and humanities are described, and their application explained. The introductory section and the appendix contain a wealth of valuable supporting information on data sources, tools and techniques for bibliometric and scientometric analysis - for individual researchers as well as their funders and publishers.

Handbook Bibliometrics

Handbook Bibliometrics
Author: Rafael Ball
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 541
Release: 2020-12-07
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
ISBN: 9783110646610

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Bibliometrics and altmetrics are increasingly becoming the focus of interest in the context of research evaluation. The Handbook Bibliometrics provides a comprehensive introduction to quantifying scientific output in addition to a historical derivation, individual indicators, institutions, application perspectives and data bases. Furthermore, application scenarios, training and qualification on bibliometrics and their implications are considered.