The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next Generation Solar Cells

The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next Generation Solar Cells
Author: Monica Lira-Cantu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2017-09-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128109960

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The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next-Generation Solar Cells begins with several chapters covering the synthesis of semiconductor oxides for NGSCs. Part II goes on to cover the types and applications of NGSCs currently under development, while Part III brings the two together, covering specific processing techniques for NGSC construction. Finally, Part IV discusses the stability of SO solar cells compared to organic solar cells, and the possibilities offered by hybrid technologies. This comprehensive book is an essential reference for all those academics and professionals who require thorough knowledge of recent and future developments in the role of semiconductor oxides in next generation solar cells. Unlocks the potential of advanced semiconductor oxides to transform Next Generation Solar Cell (NGSC) design Full coverage of new developments and recent research make this essential reading for researchers and engineers alike Explains the synthesis and processing of semiconductor oxides with a view to their use in NGSCs

The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next Generation Solar Cells

The Future of Semiconductor Oxides in Next Generation Solar Cells
Author: Monica Lira-Cantu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2017
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 0128104198

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4.1.2 Doped NiO -- 4.1.2.1 Cu-Doped NiO -- 4.1.2.2 Li, Mg-Doped NiO -- 4.2 CuOx -- 4.3 Others -- References -- Chapter 5 Metal Oxide-Based Charge Extraction and Recombination Layers for Organic Solar Cells -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 High Work-Function Metal-Oxide Hole Extraction Layers -- 5.3 Low Work-Function Metal-Oxide Electron Extraction Layers -- 5.4 Organic Multijunction Solar Cells With Metal-Oxide Recombination Layers -- 5.5 Summary and Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 6 Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells -- 6.1 Introduction and Historical Overview -- 6.2 DSSC Operation: Basic Principles -- 6.2.1 Useful Processes -- 6.2.2 Deleterious Processes -- 6.2.3 Incident Photon-to-Current Efficiency -- 6.2.3.1 Light Harvesting Efficiency -- 6.2.3.2 Electron Injection Efficiency -- 6.2.3.3 Electron Collection Efficiency -- 6.2.3.4 Sensitizer Turnover Number -- 6.2.3.5 Energy Conversion Efficiency -- 6.3 Redox Mediators in the Electrolyte -- 6.3.1 Energetics at the Adsorbed Dye-Electrolyte Interface -- 6.3.1.1 Redox Potential and Fermi Level -- 6.3.1.2 Energetics of Regeneration and Recombination at the Photoelectrode -- 6.3.2 Considerations Regarding Successful Redox Mediator Operation -- 6.3.3 Description of Some Efficient Redox Mediator Systems -- 6.3.3.1 Iodide -- 6.3.3.2 Cobalt Coordination Complexes -- 6.3.3.3 Copper Coordination Complexes -- 6.3.3.4 Nitroxide Radicals -- 6.3.3.5 Mixed Mediators -- 6.4 Organic Solid-State Charge Hole Conductors -- 6.4.1 General Considerations -- 6.4.2 Small Molecular Size Hole Conductors -- 6.4.3 Conducting Polymer Hole Conductors -- References -- Chapter 7 Semiconducting Metal Oxides for High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 n-i-p Structure -- 7.2.1 Evolution of Device Structure and Metal Oxide Selective Contacts

Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells
Author: Shahzada Ahmad,Samrana Kazim,Michael Grätzel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2021-09-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783527825806

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Presents a thorough overview of perovskite research, written by leaders in the field of photovoltaics The use of perovskite-structured materials to produce high-efficiency solar cells is a subject of growing interest for academic researchers and industry professionals alike. Due to their excellent light absorption, longevity, and charge-carrier properties, perovskite solar cells show great promise as a low-cost, industry-scalable alternative to conventional photovoltaic cells. Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices provides an up-to-date overview of the current state of perovskite solar cell research. Addressing the key areas in the rapidly growing field, this comprehensive volume covers novel materials, advanced theory, modelling and simulation, device physics, new processes, and the critical issue of solar cell stability. Contributions by an international panel of researchers highlight both the opportunities and challenges related to perovskite solar cells while offering detailed insights on topics such as the photon recycling processes, interfacial properties, and charge transfer principles of perovskite-based devices. Examines new compositions, hole and electron transport materials, lead-free materials, and 2D and 3D materials Covers interface modelling techniques, methods for modelling in two and three dimensions, and developments beyond Shockley-Queisser Theory Discusses new fabrication processes such as slot-die coating, roll processing, and vacuum sublimation Describes the device physics of perovskite solar cells, including recombination kinetics and optical absorption Explores innovative approaches to increase the light conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid state physicists, solid state chemists, and electrical engineers.

Materials for Solar Cell Technologies I

Materials for Solar Cell Technologies I
Author: Inamuddin,Tauseef Ahmad Rangreez,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2021-01-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781644901083

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The book reviews recent research and new trends in the area of solar cell materials. Topics include fabrication methods, solar cell design, energy efficiency and commercialization of next-generation materials. Special focus is placed on graphene and carbon nanomaterials, graphene in dye-sensitized solar cells, perovskite solar cells and organic photovoltaic cells, as well as on transparent conducting electrode (TCE) materials, hollow nanostructured photoelectrodes, monocrystalline silicon solar cells (MSSC) and BHJ organic solar cells. Also discussed is the use of graphene, sulfides, and metal nanoparticle-based absorber materials. Keywords: Solar Cell, Graphene Nanomaterials, Carbon Nanomaterials, Graphene in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells, Perovskite Solar Cells, Organic Photovoltaic Cells, Transparent Conducting Electrode (TCE) Materials, Hollow Nanostructured Photoelectrodes, Monocrystalline Silicon Solar Cells (MSSC), BHJ Organic Solar Cells, Electrochemical Sensing, Low Band-Gap Materials, Absorber Materials for Solar Cells.

Semiconductor Materials and Modelling for Solar Cells

Semiconductor Materials and Modelling for Solar Cells
Author: Z. Pezeshki,A. Zekry
Publsiher: Materials Research Forum LLC
Total Pages: 94
Release: 2021-07-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781644901427

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The book presents a comprehensive survey about advanced solar cell technologies. Focus is placed on semiconductor materials, solar cell efficiency, improvements in surface recombination velocity, charge density, high ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity, modeling of solar cells etc. The book references 281 original resources with their direct web links for in-depth reading. Keywords: Solar Cells, Thin Film Solar Cells, Solar Cell Efficiency, Semiconductor Materials, Surface Recombination Velocity, Charge Density, High UV Sensitivity, Heavily-doped Silicon Wafers, Amorphous Semiconductors, Nanocrystalline Semiconductors, Field Effect, Ferroelectric Semiconductors, Solar Cell Modelling.

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells
Author: Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam,Karuppanapillai B. Bhojanaa
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2019-10-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781119557388

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Offers an Interdisciplinary approach to the engineering of functional materials for efficient solar cell technology Written by a collection of experts in the field of solar cell technology, this book focuses on the engineering of a variety of functional materials for improving photoanode efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The first two chapters describe operation principles of DSSC, charge transfer dynamics, as well as challenges and solutions for improving DSSCs. The remaining chapters focus on interfacial engineering of functional materials at the photoanode surface to create greater output efficiency. Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells begins by introducing readers to the history, configuration, components, and working principles of DSSC It then goes on to cover both nanoarchitectures and light scattering materials as photoanode. Function of compact (blocking) layer in the photoanode and of TiCl4 post-treatment in the photoanode are examined at next. Next two chapters look at photoanode function of doped semiconductors and binary semiconductor metal oxides. Other chapters consider nanocomposites, namely, plasmonic nanocomposites, carbon nanotube based nanocomposites, graphene based nanocomposites, and graphite carbon nitride based nanocompositesas photoanodes. The book: Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals through the applications of DSSC Encompasses topics on various functional materials for DSSC technology Focuses on the novel design and application of materials in DSSC, to develop more efficient renewable energy sources Is useful for material scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists interested in functional materials for the design of efficient solar cells Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells will be of great benefit to graduate students, researchers and engineers, who work in the multi-disciplinary areas of material science, engineering, physics, and chemistry.

Advances in Nanostructured Materials

Advances in Nanostructured Materials
Author: Bibhu Prasad Swain
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789811683916

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Nanostructured Zinc Oxide

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide
Author: Kamlendra Awasthi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2021-08-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128189016

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Nanostructured Zinc Oxide covers the various routes for the synthesis of different types of nanostructured zinc oxide including; 1D (nanorods, nanowires etc.), 2D and 3D (nanosheets, nanoparticles, nanospheres etc.). This comprehensive overview provides readers with a clear understanding of the various parameters controlling morphologies. The book also reviews key properties of ZnO including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric and surface properties and techniques in order to tailor key properties. There is a large emphasis in the book on ZnO nanostructures and their role in optoelectronics. ZnO is very interesting and widely investigated material for a number of applications. This book presents up-to-date information about the ZnO nanostructures-based applications such as gas sensing, pH sensing, photocatalysis, antibacterial activity, drug delivery, and electrodes for optoelectronics. Reviews methods to synthesize, tailor, and characterize 1D, 2D, and 3D zinc oxide nanostructured materials Discusses key properties of zinc oxide nanostructured materials including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric, and surface properties Addresses most relevant zinc oxide applications in optoelectronics such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and sensors

Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage

Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage
Author: Olivier Guillon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 746
Release: 2019-11-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081027844

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In order to enable an affordable, sustainable, fossil-free future energy supply, research activities on relevant materials and related technologies have been intensified in recent years, Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage describes the current state-of-the-art concerning materials, properties, processes, and specific applications. Academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists, and engineers will be able to get a broad overview of the use of ceramics in energy applications, while at the same time become acquainted with the most recent developments in the field. With chapters written by recognized experts working in their respective fields the book is a valuable reference source covering the following application areas: ceramic materials and coatings for gas turbines; heat storage and exchange materials for solar thermal energy; ceramics for nuclear energy; ceramics for energy harvesting (thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, and sunlight conversion); ceramic gas separation membranes; solid oxide fuel cells and electrolysers; and electrochemical storage in battery cells. Advanced Ceramics for Energy Conversion and Storage offers a sound base for understanding the complex requirements related to the technological fields and the ceramic materials that make them possible. The book is also suitable for people with a solid base in materials science and engineering that want to specialize in ceramics. Presents an extensive overview of ceramic materials involved in energy conversion and storage Updates on the tremendous progress that has been achieved in recent years Showcases authors at the forefront of their fields, including results from the huge amount of published data Provides a list of requirements for the materials used for each energy technology Includes an evaluation and comparison of materials available, including their structure, properties and performance

Assorted Dimensional Reconfigurable Materials

Assorted Dimensional Reconfigurable Materials
Author: Rajendra Dongre,Dilip R. Peshwe
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2020-09-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781789855135

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This book outlines assorted dimensional materials acquired through reconfiguration of potentially applicable physical properties and functions of some multifunctional matrixes, composites, hybrids, and blends. As the frontiers of Science and Technology become widened, many multifunctional materials are created via physico-chemically reconfigured alterations to cater for remarkable applications in this era of modernization. Today, material for sustainable and green development in S

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices

Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices
Author: Serge Zhuiykov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2014-02-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781782422242

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Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Semiconductor oxides are used in electronics, optics, catalysts, sensors, and other functional devices. In their 2D form, the reduction in size confers exceptional properties, useful for creating faster electronics and more efficient catalysts. After explaining the physics affecting the conductivity and electron arrangement of nanostructured semiconductors, the book addresses the structural and chemical modification of semiconductor nanocrystals during material growth. It then covers their use in nanoscale functional devices, particularly in electronic devices and carbon nanotubes. It explores the impact of 2D nanocrystals, such as graphene, chalcogenides, and oxide nanostructures, on research and technology, leading to a discussion of incorporating graphene and semiconductor nanostructures into composites for use in energy storage. The final three chapters focus on the applications of these functional materials in photovoltaic cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and in environmental sensors including pH, dissolved oxygen, dissolved organic carbon, and dissolved metal ion sensors. Nanostructured Semiconductor Oxides for the Next Generation of Electronics and Functional Devices is a crucial resource for scientists, applied researchers, and production engineers working in the fabrication, design, testing, characterization, and analysis of new semiconductor materials. This book is a valuable reference for those working in the analysis and characterization of new nanomaterials, and for those who develop technologies for practical devices fabrication. Focuses on the development of semiconductor nanocrystals, their technologies and applications, including energy harvesting, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors Reviews fundamental physics of conductivity and electron arrangement before proceeding to practical applications A vital resource for applied researchers and production engineers working with new semiconductor materials

Advanced Ceramics for Energy and Environmental Applications

Advanced Ceramics for Energy and Environmental Applications
Author: Akshay Kumar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2021-11-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000404739

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Advanced Ceramics possess various unique properties and are able to withstand harsh environments. The aim of this book is to cover various aspects of the advanced ceramics like carbides, nitrides and oxides for energy and environment related applications. Advanced ceramics with additional functionality propose significant potential for greater impact in the field of energy and environmental technologies. This book focuses on the nanostructured ceramics synthesis, properties, structure-property relation and application in the area of energy and environment. It covers the high impact work from around 50 leading researchers throughout the world working in this field. This will help metallurgists, biologists, mechanical engineers, ceramicists, material scientists and researchers working in the nanotechnology field with inclusion of every aspect of advanced ceramics for energy and environmental applications.

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells  Electrolyzers  and Metal Air Batteries
Author: Teko W. Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2021-01-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128184974

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Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Sustainable Strategies in Organic Electronics

Sustainable Strategies in Organic Electronics
Author: Assunta Marrocchi
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2022-02-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128236017

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Sustainable Strategies in Organic Electronics reviews green materials and devices, sustainable processes in electronics, and the reuse, recycling and degradation of devices. Topics addressed include large-scale synthesis and fabrication of safe device materials processes that neither use toxic reagents, solvents or produce toxic by-products. Emerging opportunities such as new synthetic approaches for enabling the commercialization of pi-conjugated polymer-based devices are explored, along with new efforts towards incorporating materials from renewable resources for a low carbon footprint. Finally, the book discusses the latest advances towards device biodegradability and recycling. It is suitable for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, physicists in academia and industry. Discusses emerging opportunities for green materials, synthesis and fabrication of organic electronics Reviews the challenges of integration of sustainable strategies in large-scale manufacturing of organic electronics Provides an overview of green materials and solvents that can be used as alternatives to toxic materials for organic electronics applications

Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Author: Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2018-11-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128115053

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Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy