Human Challenge Studies in Endemic Settings

Human Challenge Studies in Endemic Settings
Author: Euzebiusz Jamrozik
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2020
Genre: Bioethics
ISBN: 9783030414801

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This open access book provides an extensive review of ethical and regulatory issues related to human infection challenge studies, with a particular focus on the expansion of this type of research into endemic settings and/or low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Human challenge studies (HCS) involve the intentional infection of research participants, and this type of research is rapidly increasing in frequency worldwide. HCS are widely considered to be an especially promising approach to vaccine development, including for pathogens endemic to LMICs. However, challenge studies are sometimes controversial and raise complex ethical issues, some of which are especially salient in endemic and/or LMIC settings. Informed by qualitative interviews with experts in infectious diseases and bioethics, this book highlights areas of ethical consensus and controversy concerning this kind of research. As the first volume to focus on ethical issues associated with human challenge studies, it sets the agenda for further work in this important area of global health research; contributes to current debates in research ethics; and aims to inform regulatory policy and research practice. Insofar as it focuses on HCS in (endemic) settings where diseases are present and/or widespread, much of the analysis provided here is directly relevant to HCS involving pandemic diseases including COVID19.

Anthropology

Anthropology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2005
Genre: Anthropology
ISBN: 0534274943

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Cultural Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology
Author: Cynthia Keppley Mahmood,William A. Haviland
Publsiher: Harcourt College Pub
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1995-01-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0155022407

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The Human Challenge

The Human Challenge
Author: Avrohom Edelstein
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-08-09
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 1952370604

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The Challenge of Being Human

The Challenge of Being Human
Author: Michael Eigen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2018-05-20
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9780429810954

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Freud wrote that the greatest problem facing humanity is its destructive urge. There is no one factor that solves the issue. The Challenge of Being Human explores tendencies that make us up and capacities that try to meet them. The shock of ourselves is perennial. We are challenged by our own aliveness and a need to open doors as yet unknown. We are not done evolving, growing, learning, feeling, caring. Growth of capacity to tolerate and work with experience is part of our evolutionary challenge. This book seeks to support us in whatever ways we can begin to meet this challenge.

God Doesn t We Do

God Doesn t  We Do
Author: James Lindsay
Publsiher: James Lindsay
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2012-09-15
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781475063974

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Does God exist? Does He do anything in this world? Famous authors like Richard Dawkins suggest strongly that it is very unlikely, but how unlikely is it? God Doesn't; We Do brings James A. Lindsay's mathematical expertise to the question and is able to put the matter under a microscope only available through an understanding of abstract mathematics, which he makes accessible to any reader. Because of that, this book will change the conversation about the existence of God. The central theme of this book, though, points out that even if there were a God, we have no reason to believe He does anything at all in this world. Thus the responsibility is on us, as it always has been, to make our world what it will be. From the back cover: Our world is one that is full of difficult challenges, and many people still turn to God for solutions or credit Him with ones that they find. The time for that kind of superstition is long passed. God Doesn't; We Do seeks to address the topic on philosophical grounds, making appeals to a scientific mindset and evidence-based decision making in fields where religion has dominated for centuries, including morality, politics, and even spirituality. The title really says it all- God Doesn't; We Do: Only Humans Can Solve Human Challenges.

The Human Challenge

The Human Challenge
Author: Rabbi Avraham Edelstein
Publsiher: Mosaica Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2021-04-19
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9781952370304

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Every human being is presented with the ''human challenge'': How do I grow? How do I become wise? How do I sanctify the world around me and make it a better place? How do I work on my character? How do I integrate work and food and intimacy into my life's goals? This volume is an attempt to answer these questions for the intelligent and sensitive adult reader. It draws significantly on deeper Jewish thought, balancing brevity with profundity. The Human Challenge provides a rich and exciting entry point for those who are at the early stages of their relationship with Judaism as well as significant benefit to those with an extensive background, as it provides a methodical and sourced overview of topics that may otherwise remain as fragmented insights.

Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights
Author: Abdulaziz Sachedina
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2009-11-05
Genre: Religion
ISBN: 9780199741694

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In 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the International Declaration of Human Rights, a document designed to hold both individuals and nations accountable for their treatment of fellow human beings, regardless of religious or cultural affiliations. Since then, the compatibility of Islam and human rights has emerged as a particularly thorny issue of international concern, and has been addressed by Muslim rulers, conservatives, and extremists, as well as Western analysts and policymakers; all have commonly agreed that Islamic theology and human rights cannot coexist. Abdulaziz Sachedina rejects this informal consensus, arguing instead for the essential compatibility of Islam and human rights. He offers a balanced and incisive critique of Western experts who have ignored or underplayed the importance of religion to the development of human rights, contending that any theory of universal rights necessarily emerges out of particular cultural contexts. At the same time, he re-examines the juridical and theological traditions that form the basis of conservative Muslim objections to human rights, arguing that Islam, like any culture, is open to development and change. Finally, and most importantly, Sachedina articulates a fresh position that argues for a correspondence between Islam and secular notions of human rights.

The Human Challenge of Telemedicine

The Human Challenge of Telemedicine
Author: Philippe Bardy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2018-11-27
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780081028926

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Telepatients using connected objects to collect time-sensitive data about their health are not neutral carriers of diagnosable symptoms. Patients are persons, or personal beings as well as co-carers, whose personal experience, history and know-how must be acknowledged in time-sensitive telecare practices. Such practices require a relational ethics, inspired by medical ethics and an ethics of virtues, focusing on vulnerability and emotional health, to oversee telecare good practices, define a new therapeutic alliance compliant with patients’ values, and reconcile the technical and human sides of telemedicine. The ethical challenges of telemedicine in chronic patients today The key features of a person-centered and relational ethics in telemedical settings The concepts of “emotional health care and “chrono-sensitivity of the “connected sick body

The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights

The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights
Author: Joanne R. Bauer,Daniel A. Bell
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 1999-02-13
Genre: Law
ISBN: 0521645360

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This book identifies the more persuasive contributions by East Asian intellectuals to the international human rights debate.

Beyond War

Beyond War
Author: Douglas P. Fry
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2009-04-10
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780199725052

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A profoundly heartening view of human nature, Beyond War offers a hopeful prognosis for a future without war. Douglas P. Fry convincingly argues that our ancient ancestors were not innately warlike--and neither are we. He points out that, for perhaps ninety-nine percent of our history, for well over a million years, humans lived in nomadic hunter-and-gatherer groups, egalitarian bands where warfare was a rarity. Drawing on archaeology and fascinating recent fieldwork on hunter-gatherer bands from around the world, Fry debunks the idea that war is ancient and inevitable. For instance, among Aboriginal Australians, warfare was an extreme anomaly. Fry also points out that even today, when war seems ever present, the vast majority of us live peaceful, nonviolent lives. We are not as warlike as we think, and if we can learn from our ancestors, we may be able to move beyond war to provide real justice and security for the world.

Meeting the Challenge of Human Resource Management

Meeting the Challenge of Human Resource Management
Author: Vernon D. Miller,Michael E. Gordon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2014-07-11
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781136224973

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While communicating is a vital skill for managers at all organizational levels and in all functional areas, human resource managers are expected to be especially adept communicators, given the important interpersonal component of their roles. Practitioners and scholars alike stand to benefit from incorporating an updated and more nuanced view of communication theory and practice into standard human resource management practices. This book compiles readings by thought leaders in human resource management and communication, exploring the intersection of interests, theories, and perspectives from the two fields to highlight new opportunities for research and practice. In addition to covering the foundations of strategic human resource management, the book: offers a critical review of the research literature on topics including recruitment, selection, performance management, compensation, and development uses a communication perspective to analyze the impact of corporate strategy on human resource systems investigates the key human resource management topic of the relationship between a company's human capital and its effectiveness directly discusses the implications of communication literature for human resource management practice Written at the cross-section of two established and critcally linked fields, this book is a must-have for graduate human resource management and organizational communication students, as well as for high-level human resource management practitioners.

The Challenge of Global Commons and Flows for US Power

The Challenge of Global Commons and Flows for US Power
Author: Valtteri Vuorisalo,Mr Juha Käpylä,Professor Mika Aaltola
Publsiher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2014-05-28
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781409464235

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Global commons are domains that fall outside the direct jurisdiction of sovereign states - the high seas, air, space, and most recently man-made cyberspace - and thus should be usable by anyone. These domains, even if outside the direct responsibility and governance of sovereign entities, are of crucial interest for the contemporary world order. This book elaborates a practice-based approach to the global commons and flows to examine critically the evolving geopolitical strategy and vision of United States. The study starts with the observation that the nature of US power is evolving increasingly towards the recognition that command over the flows of global interdependence is a central dimension of national power. The study then highlights the emerging security and governance of these flows. In this context, the flows and the underlying global critical infrastructure are emerging as objects of high-level strategic importance. The book pays special attention to one of the least recognized but perhaps most fundamental challenges related to the global commons, namely the conceptual and practical challenge of inter-domain relationships-between maritime, air, space, and cyber-flows that bring about not only opportunities but also new vulnerabilities. These complexities cannot be understood through technological means alone but rather the issues need to be clarified by bringing in the human domain of security.

Meeting Place

Meeting Place
Author: Paul Carter
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-10-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781452940182

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In this remarkable and often dazzling book, Paul Carter explores the conditions for sociability in a globalized future. He argues that we make many assumptions about communication but overlook barriers to understanding between strangers as well as the importance of improvisation in overcoming these obstacles to meeting. While disciplines such as sociology, legal studies, psychology, political theory, and even urban planning treat meeting as a good in its own right, they fail to provide a model of what makes meeting possible and worth pursuing: a yearning for encounter. The volume’s central narrative—between Northern cultural philosophers and Australian societies—traverses the troubled history of misinterpretation that is characteristic of colonial cross-cultural encounter. As he brings the literature of Indigenous and non-Indigenous anthropological research into dialogue with Western approaches of conceptualizing sociability, Carter makes a startling discovery: that meeting may not be desirable and, if it is, its primary objective may be to negotiate a future of non-meeting. To explain the phenomenon of encounter, Carter performs it in differing scales, spaces, languages, tropes, and forms of knowledge, staging in the very language of the book what he calls “passages.” In widely varying contexts, these passages posit the disjunction of Greco-Roman and Indigenous languages, codes, theatrics of power, social systems, and visions of community. In an era of new forms of technosocialization, Carter offers novel ways of presenting the philosophical dimensions of waiting, meeting, and non-meeting.

Humanbiotechnology as Social Challenge

Humanbiotechnology as Social Challenge
Author: Dagmar Schipanski,Nikolaus Knoepffler,S L Sorgner
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-12-05
Genre: Philosophy
ISBN: 9781351929530

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Humanbiotechnology has progressed immensely, and humanbiotechnological research has entered a crucial stage. This collection of essays is a significant and original contribution to the public debate on humanbiotechnology and its ethical and social ramifications. Interdisciplinary in composition this volume brings together leading academics in the fields of biology, law, theology, ethics and sociology to share their viewpoints and insights and to promote exchange between disciplines and convey facts and opinions to the wider public on this increasingly important area of technological development and ethical interest. Eschewing analysis on pragmatic or utilitarian grounds the essays in this collection are informed by the key ethical concept of 'human dignity' which has been central to the continental debate on human bioethics and is gaining in importance for the debate in the anglophone world.