The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness
Author: Steven Laureys,Olivia Gosseries,Giulio Tononi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2015-08-12
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128011751

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The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology

The Boundaries of Consciousness  Neurobiology and Neuropathology
Author: Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2006-06-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0080476201

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Consciousness is one of the most significant scientific problems today. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. The present volume aims to confront the latest theoretical insights in the scientific study of human consciousness with the most recent behavioral, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, pharmacological and neuropathological data on brain function in altered states of consciousness such as: brain death, coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome, dementia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, hysteria, general anesthesia, sleep, hypnosis, and hallucinations. The interest of this is threefold. First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. Second, the exploration of brain function in altered states of consciousness represents a unique lesional approach to the scientific study of consciousness and adds to the worldwide effort to identify the "neural correlate of consciousness". Third, new scientific insights in this field have major ethical and social implications regarding our care for these patients.

States of Consciousness

States of Consciousness
Author: Dean Cvetkovic,Irena Cosic
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2011-06-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642180477

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In this accessible overview of current knowledge, an expert team of editors and authors describe experimental approaches to consciousness. These approaches are shedding light on some of the hitherto unknown aspects of the distinct states of human consciousness, including the waking state, different states of sleep and dreaming, meditation and more. The book presents the latest research studies by the contributing authors, whose specialities span neuroscience, neurology, biomedical engineering, clinical psychology and psychophysiology, psychosocial medicine and anthropology. Overall this anthology provides the reader with a clear picture of how different states of consciousness can be defined, experimentally measured and analysed. A future byproduct of this knowledge may be anticipated in the development of systematic corrective treatments for many disorders and pathological problems of consciousness.

The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness
Author: Steven Laureys,Giulio Tononi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2011-04-28
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0080921027

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Understanding consciousness is the major unsolved problem in biology. One increasingly important method of studying consciousness is to study disorders of consciousness, e.g. brain damage and disease states leading to vegetative states, coma, minimally conscious states, etc. Many of these studies are very much in the public eye because of their relationship to controversies about coma patients (e.g. Terry Schiavo case in the US recently), and the relationship to one of the major philosophical, sociological, political, and religious questions of humankind. This is the first book to summarize our current understanding of the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of human consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered via the study of neurological patients. The selected contributors are all outstanding authors and undisputed leaders in their field. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness, functional intrinsic brain activity, anesthesia, as well as expanded coverage of the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/ vegetative state and the minimally conscious state The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans Includes revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field

Ethical Issues in Neurology

Ethical Issues in Neurology
Author: James L. Bernat
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2008
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 0781790603

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Written by an eminent authority from the American Academy of Neurology's Committee on Ethics, Law, and Humanities, this book is an excellent text for all clinicians interested in ethical decision-making. The book features outstanding presentations on dying and palliative care, physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia, medical futility, and the relationship between ethics and the law. New chapters in this edition discuss how clinicians resolve ethical dilemmas in practice and explore ethical issues in neuroscience research. Other highlights include updated material on palliative sedation, advance directives, ICU withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy, gene therapy, the very-low-birth-weight premature infant, the developmentally disabled patient, informed consent, organizational ethics, brain death controversies, and fMRI and PET studies relating to persistent vegetative state.

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience

Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Bradley R. Postle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2015-01-21
Genre: Psychology
ISBN: 9781118468272

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Essentials of Cognitive Neuroscience guides undergraduate and early-stage graduate students with no previous neuroscientific background through the fundamental principles and themes in a concise, organized, and engaging manner. Provides students with the foundation to understand primary literature, recognize current controversies in the field, and engage in discussions on cognitive neuroscience and its future Introduces important experimental methods and techniques integrated throughout the text Assists student comprehension through four-color images and thorough pedagogical resources throughout the text Accompanied by a robust website with multiple choice questions, experiment vidoes, fMRI data, web links and video narratives from a global group of leading scientists for students. For Instructors there are sample syllabi and exam questions

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology

Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology
Author: Matthew H. Rouse
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2016
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781284023060

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This neuroanatomy text is specifically tailored to the needs of students in Communication Sciences and Disorders. It includes foundational knowledge of general neuroanatomy with a focus on neuroanatomy that is relevant to speech language pathology and audiology. This accessible text introduces students to neuroanatomy with excellent organization of important topics such as, key information on the neurology of: language, speech, hearing, swallowing, cognition, and emotion. The chapter on emotion will be especially relevant to those working with clients with autism spectrum disorders. Neuroanatomy for Speech Language Pathology and Audiology will help students meet ASHA's Knowledge and Skills Acquisition learning outcome IIIB, which states: 'Student will demonstrate knowledge of basic human communication and swallowing processes, including their biological, neurological, acoustical, cultural, and developmental bases.

Neuroimaging of Consciousness

Neuroimaging of Consciousness
Author: Andrea Eugenio Cavanna,Andrea Nani,Hal Blumenfeld,Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2013-07-20
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642375804

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Within the field of neuroscience, the past few decades have witnessed an exponential growth of research into the brain mechanisms underlying both normal and pathological states of consciousness in humans. The development of sophisticated imaging techniques to visualize and map brain activity in vivo has opened new avenues in our understanding of the pathological processes involved in common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting consciousness, such as epilepsy, coma, vegetative states, dissociative disorders, and dementia. This book presents the state of the art in neuroimaging exploration of the brain correlates of the alterations in consciousness across these conditions, with a particular focus on the potential applications for diagnosis and management. Although the book has a practical approach and is primarily targeted at neurologists, neuroradiologists, and psychiatrists, it will also serve as an essential reference for a wide range of researchers and health care professionals.