The Origins of Life and the Universe

The Origins of Life and the Universe
Author: Paul F. Lurquin
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2003-04-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780231507660

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The Origins of Life and the Universe is the culmination of a university science professor's search for understanding and is based on his experiences teaching the fundamental issues of physics, chemistry, and biology in the classroom. What is life? Where did it come from? How can understanding the origins of life on Earth help us understand the origins of the universe, and vice versa? These are questions that have occupied us all. This is a book, then, about the beginning of things—of the universe, matter, stars, and planetary systems, and finally, of life itself—topics of profound interest that are rarely considered together. After surveying prescientific accounts of the origins of life, the book examines the concepts of modern physics and cosmology, in particular the two pillars of modern physics, relativity and quantum theory, and how they can be applied to the Big Bang model of the creation of the universe. The author then considers molecular genetics and DNA, the famed building block of life. In addition to assessing various hypotheses concerning the appearance of the first bacterial cells and their evolution into more complex eukaryotic cells, this section explains how "protocells" may have started a kind of integrated metabolism and how horizontal gene transfer may have speeded up evolution. Finally, the book discusses the possibility that life did not originate on planet Earth but first appeared on other solar planets, or perhaps in other star systems. How would such a possibility affect our understanding of the meaning of life, or of its ultimate fate in the universe? The book ends as it begins, with profound questions and penetrating answers, a state-of-the-art guide to unlocking the scientific mysteries of life and matter.

Origins of Life in the Universe

Origins of Life in the Universe
Author: Robert Jastrow,Michael Rampino
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2008-10-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780521825764

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The most fascinating questions on the history of the Universe are answered in this text.

Origins of Life

Origins of Life
Author: Geoffrey Zubay
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2000-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080497617

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Origins of Life on the Earth and in the Cosmos, Second Edition, suggests answers to the age-old questions of how life arose in the universe and how it might arise elsewhere. This thorough revision of a very successful text describes key events in the evolution of living systems, starting with the creation of an environment suitable for the origins of life. Whereas one may never be able to reconstruct the precise pathway that led to the origin of life on earth, one can certainly make some plausible reconstructions of it. Such discussions have greatly expanded our understanding of the principles of chemical evolution and how they compare and contrast with the principles of biological evolution. The text is strong on biochemistry and its recent applications to origins' research. Provides an excellent review of basic biochemistry an evolution Written in a clear, concise style for scientists, students, and readers interested in a scientific inquiry into the origins of life Written by an authority in the field, and brought fully up-to-date in light of new research Pulls together valuable information not found in a single source Organized and presented in a manner conductive for use in a college course Heavily illustrated to make difficult concepts concrete

Science and Creationism

Science and Creationism
Author: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 35
Release: 1999
Genre: Education
ISBN: 0309064066

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This edition of Science and Creationism summarizes key aspects of several of the most important lines of evidence supporting evolution. It describes some of the positions taken by advocates of creation science and presents an analysis of these claims. This document lays out for a broader audience the case against presenting religious concepts in science classes. The document covers the origin of the universe, Earth, and life; evidence supporting biological evolution; and human evolution. (Contains 31 references.) (CCM)

Origins of Existence

Origins of Existence
Author: Fred C. Adams
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010-05-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: 1439138206

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In Origins of Existence astrophysicist Fred Adams takes a radically different approach from the long tradition of biologists and spiritual leaders who have tried to explain how the universe supports the development of life. He argues that life followed naturally from the laws of physics -- which were established as the universe burst into existence at the big bang. Those elegant laws drove the formation of galaxies, stars, and planets -- including some like our Earth. That chain of creation produced all the tiny chemical structures and vast celestial landscapes required for life. Ultimately, physical laws and the complexity they generate define the kind of biospheres that are possible -- from an Amazon rain forest to a frigid ocean beneath an ice sheet on a Jovian moon. Adams suggests that life was not merely some lucky break, but rather a natural outcome of the ascending ladder of complexity supported by our universe. Since our galaxy seems to harbor millions of planets with the same basic elements of habitability as Earth, the emergence of life is probably not a rare event. If life emerges deep inside planets and moons, as new research suggests happened on our planet, the number of viable habitats is truly enormous. Seven chronological chapters take the reader from the laws of physics and birth of the universe to the origins of life on Earth -- showing how energy flowed, exploded, and was repeatedly harnessed in replicating structures and organisms. In his groundbreaking first book, Fred Adams established the five eras of the universe with a focus on its long-term future. It is perhaps not surprising that he now turns his attention to the mystery of our astronomical origins. Here is a stunning new perspective, a book of genesis for our time, revealing how the laws of physics created galaxies, stars, planets, and even life in the universe.

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe
Author: Julian Chela-Flores,Tobias Owen,François Raulin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2011-06-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789401010177

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Proceedings of the Sixth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution, Trieste, Italy, 18-22 September 2000

The Big Picture

The Big Picture
Author: Sean Carroll
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-05-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780698409767

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The instant New York Times bestseller about humanity's place in the universe—and how we understand it. “Vivid...impressive....Splendidly informative.”—The New York Times “Succeeds spectacularly.”—Science “A tour de force.”—Salon Already internationally acclaimed for his elegant, lucid writing on the most challenging notions in modern physics, Sean Carroll is emerging as one of the greatest humanist thinkers of his generation as he brings his extraordinary intellect to bear not only on Higgs bosons and extra dimensions but now also on our deepest personal questions: Where are we? Who are we? Are our emotions, our beliefs, and our hopes and dreams ultimately meaningless out there in the void? Do human purpose and meaning fit into a scientific worldview? In short chapters filled with intriguing historical anecdotes, personal asides, and rigorous exposition, readers learn the difference between how the world works at the quantum level, the cosmic level, and the human level—and then how each connects to the other. Carroll's presentation of the principles that have guided the scientific revolution from Darwin and Einstein to the origins of life, consciousness, and the universe is dazzlingly unique. Carroll shows how an avalanche of discoveries in the past few hundred years has changed our world and what really matters to us. Our lives are dwarfed like never before by the immensity of space and time, but they are redeemed by our capacity to comprehend it and give it meaning. The Big Picture is an unprecedented scientific worldview, a tour de force that will sit on shelves alongside the works of Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan, Daniel Dennett, and E. O. Wilson for years to come.

Origins Abiogenesis and the Search for Life

Origins  Abiogenesis and the Search for Life
Author: Michael Russell
Publsiher: Cosmology.com
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2010-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0982955219

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What is the origin of life? How did life begin? The question of life's origins has been asked for thousands of years and a variety of theories have been proposed. Yet, perhaps the right question has never been asked, which is, what does life do? To understand life, we must understand what it is, what it does, how it evolved from simple chemicals to self-replicating molecule, and then the questions of origins can be properly addressed. Did life begin in a deep sea thermal vent, or in an alkaline world? What were the role of viruses in kick starting life? Did life emerge from disequilibrium? What is the source of pre-genetic information? Did vesicles come first, or only after life had begun? In this text, over 20 of the world's leading scientists ask, and answer the hard questions, and in so doing may have ushered in a paradigm shift, and a scientific revolution in our understanding of the nature of life and its origins.

Life the Universe and Everything

Life  the Universe and Everything
Author: Douglas Adams
Publsiher: Pan Macmillan
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009-09-01
Genre: Fiction
ISBN: 9780330513142

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In Life, the Universe and Everything, the third title in Douglas Adams' blockbusting sci-fi comedy series, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Arthur Dent finds himself enlisted to prevent a galactic war. This edition includes exclusive bonus material from the Douglas Adams archives, and an introduction by Simon Brett, producer of the original radio broadcast. Following a number of stunning catastrophes, which have involved him being alternately blown up and insulted in ever stranger regions of the Galaxy, Arthur Dent is surprised to find himself living in a cave on prehistoric Earth. However, just as he thinks that things cannot get possibly worse, they suddenly do. An eddy in the space-time continuum lands him, Ford Prefect, and their flying sofa in the middle of the cricket ground at Lord's, just two days before the world is due to be destroyed by the Vogons. Escaping the end of the world for a second time, Arthur, Ford, and their old friend Slartibartfast embark (reluctantly) on a mission to save the whole galaxy from fanatical robots. Not bad for a man in his dressing gown . . . Follow Arthur Dent's galactic (mis)adventures in the rest of the trilogy with five parts: So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish, and Mostly Harmless.

Origin And Evolution Of The Universe From Big Bang To Exobiology Second Edition

Origin And Evolution Of The Universe  From Big Bang To Exobiology  Second Edition
Author: Matthew A Malkan,Benjamin M Zuckerman
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2020-08-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811206474

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The book provides a broad overview of what we currently know about the Origin and Evolution of the Universe. The goal is to be scientifically comprehensive but concise. We trace the origins from the Big Bang and cosmic expansion, to the formation of galaxies, heavy elements, stars and planets as abodes for life. This field has made stunning progress since the first edition of this book. At that time, there were no known planets outside of our own Solar System (compared with the many thousands currently being studied). The origin of massive black holes was pure speculation (compared with the very recent detection of the first gravitational waves from space, produced by the cataclysmic merger of two surprisingly large black holes). And the most important energy in the Universe, now known as the Dark Energy which is accelerating the expansion, had not been discovered. We aim to bring lay readers with an interest in science 'up to speed' on all of these key discoveries that are part of the panorama of cosmic evolution, which has ultimately lead to our existence on Earth.

Life in the Universe

Life in the Universe
Author: Lewis Dartnell
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2012-12-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781780741635

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Astrobiology, the study of life and its existence in the universe, is one of the hottest areas of scientific research. Lewis Dartnell considers some of the fascinating questions facing researchers today. Could life exist anywhere else in the universe? What might aliens really look like? Dartnell explains why Earth is uniquely suited for life and reveals our profound connection to the cosmos.

Origins of Life in the Universe

Origins of Life in the Universe
Author: Robert Jastrow,Michael Rampino
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2008-10-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 0521532833

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This concise and beautifully illustrated book traces the evolution of the Cosmos from the Big Bang to the development of intelligent life on Earth, conveying clear science in an engaging narrative. By mapping the history of the Universe for introductory science and astrobiology course for non-science majors, this book explores many of the most fascinating questions in science. What is the origin of the Universe? How do stars and planets form? How does life begin? How did intelligence arise? Are we alone in the Cosmos? Physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy and geology are combined to create a chronicle of events in which the swirling vapors in the primordial cloud of the Universe evolved over billions of years into conscious life. Features: •The most fascinating questions on the history of the Universe are answered in this text for one-semester introductory science courses. •The strong narrative and exciting color images of this incredible story will motivate non-science students to develop an understanding of science and life on Earth •Explains science in a way that isn't overwhelming for non-science majors. •Questions for the student prompt critical thinking. •Combines astronomy, geology and biology to give a broad introduction to these sciences for non-science students. •Coverage of the latest discoveries in astrobiology conveys the excitement of this fast-moving field.

Intelligent Life in the Universe

Intelligent Life in the Universe
Author: Peter Ulmschneider
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 253
Release: 2013-12-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783662432129

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This book addresses all those interested in the origins, development and fate of intelligent species in the observable part of our universe. In particular, the author scrutinizes what kind of information about extraterrestrial intelligent life can be inferred from our own biological, cultural and scientific evolution and the likely future of mankind. The first part of the book provides the necessary background information from space and life sciences, thus making the book also accessible to students and the scientifically educated layman. -The first book of its kind that goes beyond the popular science level.

A World Beyond Physics

A World Beyond Physics
Author: Stuart A. Kauffman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-04-01
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780190871345

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How did life start? Is the evolution of life describable by any physics-like laws? Stuart Kauffman's latest book offers an explanation-beyond what the laws of physics can explain-of the progression from a complex chemical environment to molecular reproduction, metabolism and to early protocells, and further evolution to what we recognize as life. Among the estimated one hundred billion solar systems in the known universe, evolving life is surely abundant. That evolution is a process of "becoming" in each case. Since Newton, we have turned to physics to assess reality. But physics alone cannot tell us where we came from, how we arrived, and why our world has evolved past the point of unicellular organisms to an extremely complex biosphere. Building on concepts from his work as a complex systems researcher at the Santa Fe Institute, Kauffman focuses in particular on the idea of cells constructing themselves and introduces concepts such as "constraint closure." Living systems are defined by the concept of "organization" which has not been focused on in enough in previous works. Cells are autopoetic systems that build themselves: they literally construct their own constraints on the release of energy into a few degrees of freedom that constitutes the very thermodynamic work by which they build their own self creating constraints. Living cells are "machines" that construct and assemble their own working parts. The emergence of such systems-the origin of life problem-was probably a spontaneous phase transition to self-reproduction in complex enough prebiotic systems. The resulting protocells were capable of Darwin's heritable variation, hence open-ended evolution by natural selection. Evolution propagates this burgeoning organization. Evolving living creatures, by existing, create new niches into which yet further new creatures can emerge. If life is abundant in the universe, this self-constructing, propagating, exploding diversity takes us beyond physics to biospheres everywhere.

The Origins of Man and the Universe

The Origins of Man and the Universe
Author: Barry Long
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 367
Release: 1998
Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
ISBN: 1899324127

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This book, originally published in 1984, contains Barry Long's extraordinary vision of the structure of existence, evolution and the human mind. It is impossible to adequately describe the scope and range of its subject matter because it encompasses everything we are able to perceive and much that we can only know by spiritual insight. It describes how the human mind works. It contains prophecy - some of which has now come true, in events like 9/11 and recent scientific discoveries. It contains explanations for UFO's and other phenomena. It explains evolution in a way that resolves the more recent debates about Intelligent Design. It provides the perspective for understanding the Big Bang. It is not science. It is not religion. It is what Barry Long called 'the myth that came to life.'