The Physics and Physical Chemistry of Water

The Physics and Physical Chemistry of Water
Author: Felix Franks
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781468483345

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to arrive at some temporary consensus model or models; and to present reliable physical data pertaining to water under a range of conditions, i.e., "Dorsey revisited," albeit on a less ambitious scale. I should like to acknowledge a debt of gratitude to several of my col leagues, to Prof. D. J. G. Ives and Prof. Robert L. Kay for valuable guidance and active encouragement, to the contributors to this volume for their willing cooperation, and to my wife and daughters for the understanding shown to a husband and father who hid in his study for many an evening. My very special thanks go to Mrs. Joyce Johnson, who did all the cor respondence and much of the arduous editorial work with her usual cheerful efficiency. F. FRANKS Biophysics Division Unilever Research Laboratory ColworthjWelwyn Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedford March 1972 Contents Chapter 1 Introduction-Water, the Unique Chemical F. Franks I. lntroduction ........................................ . 2. The Occurrence and Distribution of Water on the Earth 2 3. Water and Life ...................................... 4 4. The Scientific Study of Water-A Short History ........ 8 5. The Place of Water among Liquids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . Chapter 2 The Water Moleeule C. W. Kern and M. Karplus 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 . . . . . . . . . . 2. Principles of Structure and Spectra: The Born-Oppenheimer Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. The Electronic Motion ............................... 26 3.1. The Ground Electronic State of Water ............ 31 3.2. The Excited Electronic States of Water ........... 50 4. The Nuclear Motion ................................. 52 5. External-Field Effects ................................. 70 5.1. Perturbed Hartree-Fock Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 . . .

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes

Water in Biological and Chemical Processes
Author: Biman Bagchi
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2013-11-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781107037298

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A unified overview of the dynamical properties of water and its unique and diverse role in biological and chemical processes.

Water in Biology Chemistry and Physics

Water in Biology  Chemistry  and Physics
Author: G. Wilse Robinson
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 509
Release: 1996
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9810224516

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The central theme, which threads through the entire book, concerns computational modeling methods for water. Modeling results for pure liquid water, water near ions, water at interfaces, water in biological microsystems, and water under other types of perturbations such as laser fields are described. Connections are made throughout the book with statistical mechanical theoretical methods on the one hand and with experimental data on the other. The book is expected to be useful not only for theorists and computer analysts interested in the physical, chemical, biological and geophysical aspects of water, but also for experimentalists in these fields.

The Physics of Liquid Water

The Physics of Liquid Water
Author: Makoto Yasutomi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2021-03-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000091663

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Unraveling the mystery of the negative thermal expansion of liquid water has been a challenge for scientists for centuries. Various theories have been proposed so far, but none has been able to solve this mystery. Since the thermodynamic properties of matter are determined by the interaction between particles, the mystery can be solved fundamentally if the thermodynamic physical quantities using the laws of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics are determined, the experimental results are reproduced, and the phenomena in relation to the shape of the interaction between particles are elucidated. In this sense, this book has fundamentally unraveled this mystery. In addition, it discusses the mysteries of isothermal compressibility, structural diversity, as well as liquefaction and boiling points of water in relation to the shape of the interaction between particles. It carefully explains the analysis and calculation methods so that they can be easily understood by the readers.

PHYSICAL CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF WATER Volume I

PHYSICAL  CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF WATER  Volume I
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2010-02-23
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9781848264243

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Physical, Chemical and Biological Aspects of Water is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The volume presents state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Physical, Chemical And Biological Aspects Of Water such as: Electrochemical Processes; Biological Contamination Of Water; Separation Thermodynamics; Process Thermodynamics; Separation Phenomena In Some Desalination Processes; Thermal Desalination Processes; Membrane-Based Desalination Processes; Some Practical Aspects Of Desalination Processes; Properties Of Natural Waters; Physical And Thermodynamic Properties Of Water In The Liquid Phase; General Characteristics Of Water; An Overview Of Fouling; Biofouling; Composite Fouling, Fundamentals And Mechanisms; Common Foulants in Desalination: Inorganic Salts; Crystallization Fouling; Biological Foulants; Change Of Distiller Performance With Fouling. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Aqueous Systems at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures

Aqueous Systems at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures
Author: Roberto Fernandez-Prini,A.H. Harvey,D.A. Palmer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 766
Release: 2004-07-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780080471990

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The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) has produced this book in order to provide an accessible, up-to-date overview of important aspects of the physical chemistry of aqueous systems at high temperatures and pressures. These systems are central to many areas of scientific study and industrial application, including electric power generation, industrial steam systems, hydrothermal processing of materials, geochemistry, and environmental applications. The authors’ goal is to present the material at a level that serves both the graduate student seeking to learn the state of the art, and also the industrial engineer or chemist seeking to develop additional expertise or to find the data needed to solve a specific problem. The wide range of people for whom this topic is important provides a challenge. Advanced work in this area is distributed among physical chemists, chemical engineers, geochemists, and other specialists, who may not be aware of parallel work by those outside their own specialty. The particular aspects of high-temperature aqueous physical chemistry of interest to one industry may be irrelevant to another; yet another industry might need the same basic information but in a very different form. To serve all these constituencies, the book includes several chapters that cover the foundational thermophysical properties (such as gas solubility, phase behavior, thermodynamic properties of solutes, and transport properties) that are of interest across numerous applications. The presentation of these topics is intended to be accessible to readers from a variety of backgrounds. Other chapters address fundamental areas of more specialized interest, such as critical phenomena and molecular-level solution structure. Several chapters are more application-oriented, addressing areas such as power-cycle chemistry and hydrothermal synthesis. As befits the variety of interests addressed, some chapters provide more theoretical guidance while others, such as those on acid/base equilibria and the solubilities of metal oxides and hydroxides, emphasize experimental techniques and data analysis. - Covers both the theory and applications of all Hydrothermal solutions - Provides an accessible, up-to-date overview of important aspects of the physical chemistry of aqueous systems at high temperatures and pressures - The presentation of the book is understandable to readers from a variety of backgrounds

Water a Comprehensive Treatise Water and aqueous solutions at subzero temperatures

Water  a Comprehensive Treatise  Water and aqueous solutions at subzero temperatures
Author: Felix Franks
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 484
Release: 1972
Genre: Water
ISBN: CHI:37098003

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V.4 Aqueous solutions of amphiphiles and macromolecules. Author, subject and compound indexes.

The Radiation Chemistry of Water

The Radiation Chemistry of Water
Author: Ivan Draganic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323158787

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The Radiation Chemistry of Water tackles radiation-induced changes in water and explains the behavior of irradiated water, with some changes in aqueous solutions. This book deals primarily with short-lived species like the hydroxyl radical, hydrated electron, and hydrogen atom, which cause the chemical changes in irradiated water and aqueous solutions. These species and their origin, properties, and dependence of their yields on various factors are discussed in several chapters. Other topics also covered are the diffusion-kinetic model of water radiolysis and some general cases, radiation sources, and dosimetry. This book is most useful to students in the fields of radiation chemistry, physical chemistry, radiobiology, and nuclear technology.

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
Author: Chemical Rubber Company
Publsiher: Andesite Press
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2017-08-24
Genre: History
ISBN: 137622500X

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Hydrogen Bond and the Water Molecule

The Hydrogen Bond and the Water Molecule
Author: Yves Marechal
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2007-01-11
Genre: Science
ISBN: UCSD:31822034789909

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The water molecule, H20, is one of the most familiar molecules, yet it is considered a molecule with almost no interest and which can be consequently ignored. The aim of this book is to present our present view of this molecule, in the hope that it is no longer ignored where it intervenes, and also to show what we still have to learn about it.

The Attribute of Water

The Attribute of Water
Author: Chang Q Sun,Yi Sun
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2016-02-13
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811001802

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This book features the latest advances and future trends in water science and technology. It also discusses the scientific popularization and quantitative resolution of a variety of mysterious properties of water and ice from the perspective of hydrogen-bond cooperativity in response to stimuli such as chemical contamination, electrification, magnetification, mechanical compression, molecular undercoordination, and thermal excitation. Anomalies include the floating of ice, the Hofmeister effect in solutions, regelation of ice, slipperiness of ice, water’s tough skin, the Mpemba paradox, and the floating bridge. It also addresses the superfluidity of microchannels, hydrogen bond potentials, nanodroplet and bubble thermodynamics, quasisolidity and supersolidity, controlling superhydrophobicity–superhydrophilicity transition, and high-pressure ice formation. The target audience for this book includes students, senior scholars, engineers and practitioners in the area of physical chemistry, biology, as well as aqueous and colloid solutions.

Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry Applications

Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry  Applications
Author: Nicholas D. Spencer,John H. Moore
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2001
Genre: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
ISBN: 0750308001

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The Structure and Properties of Water

The Structure and Properties of Water
Author: D Eisenberg,Walter Kauzmann
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2005-10-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780198570264

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The authors have correlated many experimental observations and theoretical discussions from the scientific literature on water. Topics covered include the water molecule and forces between water molecules; the thermodynamic properties of steam; the structures of the ices; the thermodynamic, electrical, spectroscopic, and transport properties of the ices and of liquid water; hydrogen bonding in ice and water; and models for liquid water. The main emphasis of the book is on relatingthe properties of ice and water to their structures. Some background material in physical chemistry has been included in order to ensure that the material is accessible to readers in fields such as biology, biochemistry, and geology, as well as to chemists and physicists.

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
Author: Stephen M. Burkinshaw
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2015-11-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781118725634

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The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Water and Life

Water and Life
Author: Ruth M. Lynden-Bell,Simon Conway Morris,John D. Barrow,John L. Finney,Charles Harper
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2010-05-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781439803578

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Reflecting a rich technical and interdisciplinary exchange of ideas, Water and Life: The Unique Properties of H20 focuses on the properties of water and its interaction with life. The book develops a variety of approaches that help to illuminate ways in which to address deeper questions with respect to the nature of the universe and our place within it. Grouped in five broad parts, this collection examines the arguments of Lawrence J. Henderson and other scholars on the "fitness" of water for life as part of the physical and chemical properties of nature considered as a foundational environment within which life has emerged and evolved. Leading authorities delve into a range of themes and questions that span key areas of ongoing debate and uncertainty. They draw from the fields of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, planetary and earth sciences, physics, astronomy, and their subspecialties. Several chapters also deal with humanistic disciplines, such as the history of science and theology, to provide additional perspectives. Bringing together highly esteemed researchers from multidisciplinary fields, this volume addresses fundamental questions relating to the possible role of water in the origin of life in the cosmos. It supports readers in their own explorations of the origin and meaning of life and the role of water in maintaining life.