Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders

Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders
Author: Lucia Morbidelli,Benjamin Bonavida
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2019-02-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128172797

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Therapeutic Application of Nitric Oxide in Cancer and Inflammatory Disorders presents updated reviews on the chemistry, signaling, pre-clinical and clinical activities on the role of nitric oxide donors/inhibitors used alone and in combination with other therapeutic agents for the treatment of a variety of diseases. This book examines various studies related to the application of novel therapeutic NO (donors/inhibitors) compounds in the treatment of various cancers. These studies have been shown to exert significant therapeutic activities against various cancers and various inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, allergies, and asthma, where no current effective therapies exist. Pathologies based on functional and structural vascular alterations are also taken into consideration. Edited and written by internationally renowned experts in the field of novel therapeutics for cancer, this book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, medical scientists, clinicians, clinical pharmacologists, and graduate students. Provides readers with a clear overview of the recent findings and references as well as summaries, significant molecular pathways, and conclusions Discusses new ideas proposed and makes suggestions for further investigations that will advance the field Presents introductory and summary information on the contributions of the field, all the findings of the studies discussed, and projects future goals for research

Nitric Oxide NO and Cancer

Nitric Oxide  NO  and Cancer
Author: Benjamin Bonavida
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2012-09-05
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 1461426111

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Nitric Oxide (NO) is a pleitropic, ubiquitous modulator of cellular functions. Aryl nitrite and glyceryl trinitrate, representative intravasadilators, were introduced as therapeutic agents more than a century ago for relief from acute attacks of angina. The vasodilator action is mediated by the release of NO following treatment. NO has important therapeutic applications in several diseases such as inflammatory diseases, erectile dysfunction, inflammation, pain and neural protective activity. However, the role of NO in cancer and its application in therapy has received little attention. This monograph will be the first to focus on studies that investigate the role of NO in tumor cell pathogenesis, growth, angiogenesis, response to cytotoxic therapies and NO translational applications in cancer therapy, alone or in conjunction with other therapies.

Antiangiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy

Antiangiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2022-01-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780323905565

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Anti-angiogenic Drugs as Chemosensitizers in Cancer Therapy, Volume 19 focuses on the use of anti-angiogenic drugs as sensitizers of tumor cells to the inhibitory activity of antitumor agents. Conventional and novel anti-neoplastic agents (cytotoxic molecules, hormones/antihormones, immunotherapies) are taken into consideration, along with advances made in combination therapies. The book encompasses examples of studies on the use of antiangiogenic compounds—molecules that inhibit the growth of vessels inside a tumor—together with antineoplastic drugs in order to sensitize the resistant tumor to their cytotoxic effects, thus reducing adverse side reactions and resistance and improving the therapeutic response of cancer patients. In addition, the book discusses clinical applications in various types of cancer, such as colorectal, lung, breast, renal, genitourinary, skin and brain and circulating tumors. It is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians and members of the biomedical field who wants to be up-to-date on the most recent and promising developments in the field. Provides the most updated reviews on anti-angiogenic drugs as chemosensitizers by leaders in the field Encompasses summarized tables and schematic diagrams in each chapter to give a clear overview on recent findings in a didactic manner Brings not only relevant information of current research but also new ideas and suggestions for further investigations to help advance the field

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease
Author: Bharat B. Aggarwal,Young-Joon Surh,S. Shishodia
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2007-08-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780387464015

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The medicinal uses of Curcumin (also called turmeric) have been known and described for more than 5000 years. A large body of recent research suggests that curcumin is potentially useful in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, through modulation of numerous molecular targets. This is the first monograph to focus on the potential use of curcumin in the treatment of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, Alzheimer’s, psoriasis and more.

Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Diseases

Inflammation in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Diseases
Author: Randall E. Harris
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2007-05-09
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781402056888

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In this book, a worldwide panel of leading experts discuss the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of major chronic diseases and the current controversy regarding risk versus benefit of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. The authors provide exciting and enlightening perspectives on COX-2 and related molecular targets in the future of medicine, including historical perspectives.

Chemokine Biology Basic Research and Clinical Application

Chemokine Biology   Basic Research and Clinical Application
Author: Gordon L. Letts
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2006
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 376436825X

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Chemokines play an important role in recruiting inflammatory cells into tissues in response to infection and inflammation. They also play an important role in coordinating the movement of T-cells, B-cells and dentritic cells, necessary to generate an immune response (response to injury, allergens, antigens, invading microorganisms). They selectively attract leukocytes to inflammatory foci, inducing both cell migration and activation. They are involved in various diseases, like atherosclerosis, lung and skin inflammation, multiple sclerosis, or HIV. Volume 1 of this two-volume set discusses the immunobiology of chemokines. It is divided into two parts: a) cellular targets in innate and adaptive immunity, and b) effector cell traffic-unrelated functions. Together with volume 2, which discusses the pathophysiology of chemokines, both volumes give a comprehensive overview of chemokine biology.

Nitric Oxide Donors

Nitric Oxide Donors
Author: Amedea Seabra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2017-03-17
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128134597

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Nitric Oxide Donors: Biomedical Applications and Perspectives presents the current state of art, challenges and innovations in the design of therapeutics nitric oxide donors with great impact in several aspects of human physiology and pathophysiology. Although considerable innovative progress has been achieved using Nitric Oxide donors in biomedical applications, certain drawbacks still need to be overcome to successfully translate these research innovations into clinical applications. This book encompasses several topics on nitric oxide such as its sources and biological properties; its performance in the cardiovascular and neurologic systems, in the human skin and its application in the treatment of neglected diseases, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. Additionally, it covers its role in inflammation and immunity, penile erection function, photodynamic therapy, antimicrobial activities. It also discusses the future of nitric oxide donors in combination with other therapeutic drugs, in implantable sensors, and nitric oxide releasing hydrogels and medical devices for topical applications. The book is a valuable source for researchers on different areas of biomedical field who are interested in the improvements that these molecules can make in the treatment of several conditions. Provides background information about biology and chemistry of nitric oxide Discusses the state-of-the-art in the design of nitric oxide releasing nanomaterials for biomedical applications Covers the usage of nitric oxide donors in the treatment of several conditions, such as cancer, human skin, cardiovascular system, and immunity Discusses the future of nitric oxide donors and their FDA approval

Organic Nitrates

Organic Nitrates
Author: P. Needleman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783642660245

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Nitroglycerin and other organic nitrates have been used for over a century in the treatment of angina pectoris. Millions of patients, throughout the world, have placed nitroglycerin tablets under the tongue and have experienced rapid and dramatic relief from the chest pain that frequently occurs as a manifestation of disease of the coronary arteries. The empirical observation of the safe use of nitrates for tile alleviation of the symptoms of angina have led to their widespread medical acceptance. The use of organic nitrates preceded any knowledge of their mechanism of action or their ultimate metabolic fate. Thus, more simply stated, although sub lingual nitrates helped the patients, little was known concerning what these drugs do to the body or what the body does to the drugs. A substantial number of investigators have focused on these questions especially during the last two decades. We now have considerably more insight into the pathways of degradation of organic nitrates and the relationship of the metabolic processes to the biological action of these agents. Similarly, considerable effort has been expended in understanding the mechanism of action of these agents directly on vascular smooth muscle and on cardiac work and performance. Finally, there is a more substantive understanding of the physiology of the coronary circulation as well as the" pathophysiologic manifestations of myocardial disease.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010
Genre: House & Home
ISBN: UCBK:C105261333

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This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

The Physiology of Inflammation The Final Common Pathway to Disease

The Physiology of Inflammation     The Final Common Pathway to Disease
Author: Alexandrina Ferreira Mendes,Maria Teresa Cruz,Oreste Gualillo
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-02-20
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9782889457298

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Chronic diseases are increasingly recognized as involving low grade inflammation, that is, a self-perpetuating tissue response to stress caused by exogenous or endogenous triggers, that progressively evokes danger-associated molecular pattern release, ultimately driving tissue damage and loss of function. This response is frequently unapparent clinically, thus the designation "low grade". This eBook comprises nineteen reviews and original articles that provide the most updated knowledge on the causes and roles of this inflammatory response in a variety of diseases and conditions. The editorial that precedes these articles not only summarizes each one, but provides a broader interpretation of the role of inflammation in health and a variety of disease conditions, the underlying mechanisms and the targets more promising for therapy. Finally, it also highlights the most relevant and emerging research topics that are already shaping future directions for the development of more fine-tuned and innovative therapies.

Adhesion Molecules Function and Inhibition

Adhesion Molecules  Function and Inhibition
Author: Klaus Ley
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2007-08-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783764379742

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Inflammatory cell recruitment requires the concerted action of at least five major sets of adhesion molecules: integrins, immunoglobulin-like molecules, selectins, carbohydrate structures serving as selectin ligands, and certain ectoenzymes. This volume gives a comprehensive overview on the most relevant leukocyte and endothelial adhesion molecules. The chapters are written by leaders in the field and focus on the biology, structure, function, and regulation of adhesion molecules. Currently approved adhesion molecule-based therapies are reviewed and an outlook for future approaches is also provided. The book is of interest to clinicians and scientists from immunology, physiology, cancer research, rheumatology, allergology, infectious diseases, gastroenterology, pulmonology and cardiology.

The Hereditary Basis of Rheumatic Diseases

The Hereditary Basis of Rheumatic Diseases
Author: Rikard Holmdahl
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2006-07-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783764374198

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) represents a complex disease where the inheritable component has been estimated to be up to 60%. This PIR volume deals with the genetic basis and regulation of rheumatic diseases. The first part of the book describes genetic studies on rheumatic diseases. The second part deals with the shared heredity of rheumatic diseases, e.g., RA, lupus and ankylosing spondylitis. The third part of the volume describes tools for analysing genetic complexity, ranging from animal models to new molecular tools. The volume is essential reading for researchers and clinicians from rheumatology, inflammation research, immunology, and cell and molecular biology.

Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Human Cells

Regulation of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Human Cells
Author: Martin Lee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2018
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:1125747922

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a bioactive gas that has multiple roles in innate and adaptive immune responses and dysregulated expression of its production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases and cancer. The mechanisms by which the expression of iNOS is regulated in human cells is incompletely understood. I show that NO positively regulates iNOS expression through a positive feedback mechanism that involves S-nitrosylation and activation of the small Ras GTPase, which in turn activates downstream PI3K/Akt and mTOR pathways. This feedback mechanism acts in a post-translational manner to increase iNOS protein levels by reducing its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. In addition to examining the feedback regulation of iNOS protein expression, I also studied how gene expression of this enzyme is controlled. I focused on the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) because of the central role of this transcription factor in controlling many aspects of cell biology. The human iNOS gene promoter has three predicted HIF binding sites and mutation of one of these sites at -4.9 kb reduced the induction of iNOS gene promoter activity by cytokines. Further, HIF-1a gene editing by CRISPR/Cas9 eliminated HIF activity and reduced the induction of iNOS mRNA and protein expression by cytokines. Altogether, I discovered two mechanisms whereby iNOS expression is positively regulated at the protein and gene expression levels in an inflammatory setting. The role of NO and HIF in augmenting iNOS expression may provide insight into new therapeutic strategies for inflammatory diseases and cancer.

Toll like Receptors in Inflammation

Toll like Receptors in Inflammation
Author: Luke A.J. O'Neill,Elizabeth Brint
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2006-03-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783764374419

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A repertoire of 10 TLRs mediate the first response to all microbes that infect mammals. They are the long sought receptors for a wide range of microbial products. Notable examples include TLR4 which recognizes LPS from gram negative bacteria, TLR3 which recognizes viral double-stranded RNA and TLR9 which recognizes CpG DNA motifs, found commonly in both viruses and bacteria. TLRs are increasingly being implicated in both infectious and inflammatory diseases, notable examples being sepsis, inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis and asthma. There is therefore great interest in targeting TLRs therapeutically since blocking TLRs will result in a decrease in the production of inflammatory mediators such as TNF. This volume covers our current understanding of TLRs, and their role in inflammation. Given the primacy of TLRs in the inflammatory process and their emerging role in inflammatory diseases the book is of great interest to researchers working in inflammation and immunology.

Nitric Oxide Synthase

Nitric Oxide Synthase
Author: Seyed Soheil Saeedi Saravi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2017-05-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789535131632

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Nitric Oxide Synthase - Simple Enzyme-Complex Roles provides information on nitric oxide synthase, a biomolecule of key importance for the different biological systems, including central and peripheral nervous, cardiovascular, and reproductive systems. With recent links to the role of nitric oxide in the reactions that can impact cell signaling, and discoveries surrounding the complex role of nitric oxide synthase that have increased research attention across the fields of cell and molecular biology, physiology, pharmacology, toxicology, neuroscience, cardiology, urology, and endocrinology, this book tries to provide a comprehensive overview of biology/pathobiology of nitric oxide synthases and a perspective from possible therapeutic indication of the enzyme inhibitors.