Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling
Author: Dragutin T Mihailovic,Igor Balaž,Darko Kapor
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2016-10-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444639233

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Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling: Personal Insights considers the use of time in environmental interfaces modeling and introduce new methods, from the global scale (e.g. climate modeling) to the micro scale (e.g. cell and nanotubes modeling), which primarily arise from the personal research insights of the authors. As the field of environmental science requires the application of new fundamental approaches that can lead to a better understanding of environmental phenomena, this book helps necessitate new approaches in modeling, including category theory, that follow new achievements in physics, mathematics, biology, and chemistry. Includes the use of new mathematical tools, such as category theory, mathematical theory of general systems and formal concept analysis, matrix theory tools, stability analysis, and pseudospectra Presents new content related to time in relation to physics and biology Combines the word of an experienced author team with over 35 papers of collective experience

Advanced Low Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science

Advanced Low Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science
Author: George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-08-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128141793

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Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces Second Edition

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces  Second Edition
Author: Carlo Gualtieri,Dragutin T. Mihailovic
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2012-11-21
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780415621564

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Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) studies the motion of air and water at several different scales, the fate and transport of species carried along by these fluids, and the interactions among those flows and geological, biological, and engineered systems. EFM emerged some decades ago as a response to the need for tools to study problems of flow and transport in rivers, estuaries, lakes, groundwater and the atmosphere; it is a topic of increasing importance for decision makers, engineers, and researchers alike. The second edition of the successful textbook "Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces" is still aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of fluid mechanical processes occurring at the different interfaces existing in the realm of EFM, such as the air-water interface, the air-land interface, the water-sediment interface, the surface water-groundwater interface, the water-vegetation interface, and the water-biological systems interface. Across any of these interfaces mass, momentum, and heat are exchanged through different fluid mechanical processes over various spatial and temporal scales. In this second edition, the unique feature of this book, considering all the topics from the point of view of the concept of environmental interface, was maintained while the chapters were updated and five new chapters have been added to significantly enlarge the coverage of the subject area. The book starts with a chapter introducing the concept of EFM and its scope, scales, processes and systems. Then, the book is structured in three parts with fifteen chapters. Part one, which is composed of four chapters, covers the processes occurring at the interfaces between the atmosphere and the surface of the land and the seas, including the transport of dust and the dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Part two deals in five chapters with the fluid mechanics at the air-water interface at small scales and sediment-water interface, including the advective diffusion of air bubbles, the hyporheic exchange and the tidal bores. Finally, part three discusses in six chapters the processes at the interfaces between fluids and biotic systems, such as transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system, turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy, flow and mass transport in vegetated open channels, transport processes to and from benthic plants and animals and coupling between interacting environmental interfaces. Each chapter has an educational part, which is structured in four sections: a synopsis of the chapter, a list of keywords that the reader should have encountered in the chapter, a list of questions and a list of unsolved problems related to the topics covered by the chapter. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, oceanography, and applied mathematics.

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces

Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces
Author: Carlo Gualtieri,Dragutin T. Mihailovic
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2008-02-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780203895351

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An environmental interface is defined as a surface between two abiotic or biotic systems, in relative motion and exchanging mass, heat and momentum through biophysical and/or chemical processes. These processes fluctuate temporally and spatially. The book first treats exchange processes occurring at the interfaces between atmosphere and the surface of the sea, and atmosphere and land surface. These exchanges include the effect of vegetation, transport of dust and dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Processes at the environmental interfaces of freshwater, such as gas-transfer at free-surfaces of rivers, advective diffusion of air bubbles in turbulent water flows and boundary-layers phenomena in vegetated open channels are also described. Finally, the book deals with the phenomena that affect transport of material to and from the surface of an organism, including molecular and turbulent diffusion. The relevant issues related to mass transfer to and from benthic plants and animals are further considered in detail. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics and applied mathematics.

Practice of Discrete Element Method in Soil Structure Interface Modelling

Practice of Discrete Element Method in Soil Structure Interface Modelling
Author: Wan-Huan Zhou,Zhen-Yu Yin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2022-08-12
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9789811900471

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This book is related to a parametric study of the soil–structural interface shearing behavior based on the numerical simulations of interface shear test with DEM, which is conducted from the role of soil properties, particle properties and structural properties. To aid readers in easily understanding the generation, implementation of models and controlling modes, for each part, the relevant code is provided in the text, and the whole source code of model is given in Appendix to share with readers for practice. The book is intended for graduate-level teaching and research in soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering, as well as in other related engineering specialties. This book is also of use to industry practitioners due to the inclusion of real-world applications, opening the door to advanced courses on modeling within the industrial engineering and operations research fields.

Environmental and Agricultural Modelling

Environmental and Agricultural Modelling
Author: Floor M. Brouwer,Martin van Ittersum
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2010-04-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789048136193

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Agriculture increasingly faces the challenge of balancing its multiple functions in a sustainable way. Integrated assessment and modelling (IAM) can provide insight into the potential impacts of policy changes. However, concepts to address the wide range of issues and functions typical for agriculture are still scarce. Environmental and Agricultural Modelling reviews and presents our current understanding of integrated and working tools to assess and compute, ex-ante, alternative agricultural and environmental policy options, allowing: 1. Analysis at the full range of scales (farm to European Union and global) whilst focusing on the most important issues emerging at each scale; 2. Analysis of the environmental, economic and social contributions of agricultural systems towards sustainable rural development and rural viability; 3. Analysis of a broad range of issues and agents of change, such as climate change, environmental policies, rural development options, effects of an enlarging EU, international competition, and effects on developing countries.

Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design

Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design
Author: Marco Winckler,Hilary Johnson,Philippe Palanque
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2007-11-22
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 9783540772224

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Task Models and Diagrams for User Interface Design, TAMODIA 2007, held in Toulouse, France, in November 2007. The workshop features current research and gives some indication of the new directions in which task analysis theories, methods, techniques and tools are progressing. The papers are organized in topical sections.

Modeling Microbial Responses in Food

Modeling Microbial Responses in Food
Author: Robin C. McKellar,Xuewen Lu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2003-12-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780203503942

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The first state-of-the-art review of this dynamic field in a decade, Modeling Microbial Responses in Foods provides the latest information on techniques in mathematical modeling of microbial growth and survival. The comprehensive coverage includes basic approaches such as improvements in the development of primary and secondary models, statistical

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
Genre: Hydrology
ISBN: UOM:39015022360518

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EPA Publications Bibliography

EPA Publications Bibliography
Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
Genre: Environmental protection
ISBN: UOM:39015026563018

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GIS and Environmental Modeling

GIS and Environmental Modeling
Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Louis T. Steyaert,Bradley O. Parks,Carol Johnston,David Maidment,Michael Crane,Sandi Glendinning
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 504
Release: 1996-09-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0470236779

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GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.

Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications

Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications
Author: Nancy Iwamoto,Matthew M.F. Yuen,Haibo Fan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2012-01-18
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781461417286

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Molecular Modeling and Multiscaling Issues for Electronic Material Applications provides a snapshot on the progression of molecular modeling in the electronics industry and how molecular modeling is currently being used to understand material performance to solve relevant issues in this field. This book is intended to introduce the reader to the evolving role of molecular modeling, especially seen through the eyes of the IEEE community involved in material modeling for electronic applications. Part I presents the role that quantum mechanics can play in performance prediction, such as properties dependent upon electronic structure, but also shows examples how molecular models may be used in performance diagnostics, especially when chemistry is part of the performance issue. Part II gives examples of large-scale atomistic methods in material failure and shows several examples of transitioning between grain boundary simulations (on the atomistic level)and large-scale models including an example of the use of quasi-continuum methods that are being used to address multiscaling issues. Part III is a more specific look at molecular dynamics in the determination of the thermal conductivity of carbon-nanotubes. Part IV covers the many aspects of molecular modeling needed to understand the relationship between the molecular structure and mechanical performance of materials. Finally, Part V discusses the transitional topic of multiscale modeling and recent developments to reach the submicronscale using mesoscale models, including examples of direct scaling and parameterization from the atomistic to the coarse-grained particle level.

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
Author: Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2019-01-18
Genre: Mathematics
ISBN: 9780128156957

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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Functional Modeling of Systems

Functional Modeling of Systems
Author: Edward N. Baylin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 437
Release: 1990
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 2881247318

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Introduces some new paradigm variations, providing a general systems approach applicable to all phases of system definition and all types and levels of systems. This "conceptual prototyping" approach calls into question the common assumption of information systems modelers that the data have a more stable structure than the procedures (functions). The new concepts are accompanied by a "structure-flow" chart which combines the features of various charting methods and captures many aspects of systems that other methods miss. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Hydrology in the Humid Tropic Environment

Hydrology in the Humid Tropic Environment
Author: Arnold Ivan Johnson,Carlos A. Fernández-Jáuregui
Publsiher: IAHS Press
Total Pages: 457
Release: 1998
Genre: Hydrology
ISBN: 1901502708

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