Transformative Paleobotany

Transformative Paleobotany
Author: Michael Krings,Carla J. Harper,N. Ruben Cuneo,Gar W. Rothwell
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 732
Release: 2018-07-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128130131

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Transformative Paleobotany: Papers to Commemorate the Life and Legacy of Thomas N. Taylor features the broadest possible spectrum of topics analyzing the structure, function and evolution of fossil plants, microorganisms, and organismal interactions in fossil ecosystems (e.g., plant paleobiography, paleoecology, early evolution of land plants, fossil fungi and microbial interactions with plants, systematics and phylogeny of major plant and fungal lineages, biostratigraphy, evolution of organismal interactions, ultrastructure, Antarctic paleobotany). The book includes the latest research from top scientists who have made transformative contributions. Sections are richly illustrated, well concepted, and characterize and summarize the most up-to-date understanding of this respective and important field of study. Features electronic supplements, such as photographs, diagrams, tables, flowcharts and links to other websites Includes in-depth illustrations with diagrams, flowcharts and photographic plates (many in color for enhanced utility), tables and graphs

Plant Development and Evolution

Plant Development and Evolution
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2019-01-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128098059

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Plant Development and Evolution, the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Evolution of the plant body plan, Lateral root development and its role in evolutionary adaptation, the Development of the vascular system, the Development of the shoot apical meristem and phyllotaxis, the Evolution of leaf diversity, the Evolution of regulatory networks in land plants, The role of programed cell death in plant development, the Development and evolution of inflorescence architecture, the Molecular regulation of flower development, the Pre-meiotic another development, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Current Topics in Developmental Biology series Updated release includes the latest information on Plant Development and Evolution

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Parasitism

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Parasitism
Author: Kenneth De Baets,John Warren Huntley
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 565
Release: 2021-05-07
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030424848

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This two-volume edited book highlights and reviews the potential of the fossil record to calibrate the origin and evolution of parasitism, and the techniques to understand the development of parasite-host associations and their relationships with environmental and ecological changes. The book deploys a broad and comprehensive approach, aimed at understanding the origins and developments of various parasite groups, in order to provide a wider evolutionary picture of parasitism as part of biodiversity. This is in contrast to most contributions by parasitologists in the literature that focus on circular lines of evidence, such as extrapolating from current host associations or distributions, to estimate constraints on the timing of the origin and evolution of various parasite groups. This approach is narrow and fails to provide the wider evolutionary picture of parasitism on, and as part of, biodiversity. Volume one focuses on identifying parasitism in the fossil record, and sheds light on the distribution and ecological importance of parasite-host interactions over time. In order to better understand the evolutionary history of parasites and their relationship with changes in the environment, emphasis is given to viruses, bacteria, protists and multicellular eukaryotes as parasites. Particular attention is given to fungi and metazoans such as bivalves, cnidarians, crustaceans, gastropods, helminths, insects, mites and ticks as parasites. Researchers, specifically evolutionary (paleo)biologists and parasitologists, interested in the evolutionary history of parasite-host interactions as well as students studying parasitism will find this book appealing.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 5622
Release: 2020-12-16
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780081029091

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Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Biological Innovations that Built the World

Biological Innovations that Built the World
Author: Roberto Ligrone
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2019-05-29
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030160579

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The book is a detailed account of major biological events that contributed to create the present world and our species, with emphasis on cause-effect interrelationships and environmental impact. Its main goal is to guide the reader toward an understanding of the continuity of life across diversity, and of its large-scale interactions with the planet. Combining scientific soundness with a constant effort for clarity, the book begins with a cloud of dust in a corner of the Galaxy and, covering an immense lapse of time, terminates with an organism that ponders about the texture of the Universe. Comprehensive, updated references added to each chapter will help the reader wishing to expand any of the topics. A glossary explains less common technical terms.

Nature through Time

Nature through Time
Author: Edoardo Martinetto,Emanuel Tschopp,Robert A. Gastaldo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2020-07-27
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030350581

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This book simulates a historical walk through nature, teaching readers about the biodiversity on Earth in various eras with a focus on past terrestrial environments. Geared towards a student audience, using simple terms and avoiding long complex explanations, the book discusses the plants and animals that lived on land, the evolution of natural systems, and how these biological systems changed over time in geological and paleontological contexts. With easy-to-understand and scientifically accurate and up-to-date information, readers will be guided through major biological events from the Earth's past. The topics in the book represent a broad paleoenvironmental spectrum of interests and educational modules, allowing for virtual visits to rich geological times. Eras and events that are discussed include, but are not limited to, the much varied Quaternary environments, the evolution of plants and animals during the Cenozoic, the rise of angiosperms, vertebrate evolution and ecosystems in the Mesozoic, the Permian mass extinction, the late Paleozoic glaciation, and the origin of the first trees and land plants in the Devonian-Ordovician. With state-of-the art expert scientific instruction on these topics and up-to-date and scientifically accurate illustrations, this book can serve as an international course for students, teachers, and other interested individuals.

PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture

PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Amit Kishore Singh,Ajay Kumar,Pawan Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2018-09-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128160190

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PGPR Amelioration in Sustainable Agriculture: Food Security and Environmental Management explores the growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) that are indigenous to soil and plant rhizosphere. These microorganisms have significant potential as important tools for sustainable agriculture. PGPR enhance the growth of root systems and often control certain plant pathogens. As PGPR amelioration is a fascinating subject, is multidisciplinary in nature, and concerns scientists involved in plant heath and plant protection, this book is an ideal resource that emphasizes the current trends of, and probable future of, PGPR developments. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and may serve as baseline information for future research. This book will be useful to students, teachers and researchers, both in universities and research institutes, especially working in areas of agricultural microbiology, plant pathology and agronomy. Presents new concepts and current development in PGPR research and evaluates the implications for sustainable productivity Describes the role of multi-omics approaches in establishing an understanding of plant–microbe interactions that help plants optimize abiotic stresses Incorporates both theoretical and practical aspects, and will serve as a baseline for future research

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture

Agriculturally Important Fungi for Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Ajar Nath Yadav,Shashank Mishra,Divjot Kour,Neelam Yadav,Anil Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2020-08-09
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030484743

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Microbes are ubiquitous in nature. Among microbes, fungal communities play an important role in agriculture, the environment, and medicine. Vast fungal diversity has been found in plant systems. The fungi associated with any plant system are in the form of epiphytic, endophytic, and rhizospheric fungi. These associated fungi play important roles in plant growth, crop yield, and soil health. The rhizospheric fungi present in rhizospheric zones have a sufficient amount of nutrients released by plant root systems in the form of root exudates for growth, development, and activities of microbes. Endophytic fungi enter in host plants mainly through wounds that naturally occur as a result of plant growth, or develop through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. The phyllospheric fungi may survive or proliferate on leaves, depending on the extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The diverse group of fungal communities is a key component of soil-plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizospheric, endophytic, and phyllospheric areas, and they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. These fungal communities help to promote plant growth directly or indirectly by mechanisms for plant growth-promoting (PGP) attributes. These PGP fungi can be used as biofertilizers, bioinoculants, and biocontrol agents in place of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in an environmentally and eco-friendly manner. This book covers the current knowledge of plant-associated fungi and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors. This book should be useful to scientists, researchers, and students of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology, and related subjects.

Emerging Model Systems in Developmental Biology

Emerging Model Systems in Developmental Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 726
Release: 2022-03-24
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128201602

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An ever-growing roster of model organisms is a hallmark of 21st century Developmental Biology. Emerging model organisms are well suited to asking some fascinating and important questions that cannot be addressed using established model systems. And new methods are increasingly facilitating the adoption of new research organisms in laboratories. This volume is written by some of the scientists who have played pivotal roles in developing new models or in significantly advancing tools in emerging systems. Presents some of the most interesting additions to the core set of model organisms Contains contributions from people who have developed new model systems or advanced tools Includes personal stories about how and why model systems were developed

Past Antarctica

Past Antarctica
Author: Marc Oliva,Jesus Ruiz Fernandez
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2020-06-04
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128179260

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Past Antarctica: Paleoclimatology and Climate Change presents research on the past and present of Antarctica in reference to its current condition, including considerations for effects due to climate change. Experts in the field explore key topics, including environmental changes, human colonization and present environmental trends. Addressing a wide range of fields, including the biosphere, geology and biochemistry, the book offers geographers, climatologists and other Earth scientists a vital resource that is beneficial to an understanding of Antarctica, its history and conservation efforts. Synthesizes research on the past and present of Antarctica, bringing together top Earth scientists who work in this discipline Presents the most complete reconstruction of the paleoclimate and environment of Antarctica, tying in long-term climatic changes to the current environment Offers perspectives from different branches of the Earth Sciences using a spatial-temporal lens

Seed Endophytes

Seed Endophytes
Author: Satish Kumar Verma,James Francis White, Jr
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 507
Release: 2019-04-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030105044

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This book focuses on the importance and roles of seed microbiomes in sustainable agriculture by exploring the diversity of microbes vectored on and within seeds of both cultivated and non-cultivated plants. It provides essential insights into how seeds can be adapted to enhance microbiome vectoring, how damaged seed microbiomes can be assembled again and how seed microbiomes can be conserved. Plant seeds carry not only embryos and nutrients to fuel early seedling growth, but also microbes that modulate development, soil nutrient acquisition, and defense against pathogens and other stressors. Many of these microbes (bacteria and fungi) become endophytic, entering into the tissues of plants, and typically exist within plants without inducing negative effects. Although they have been reported in all plants examined to date, the extent to which plants rely on seed vectored microbiomes to enhance seedling competitiveness and survival is largely unappreciated. How microbes function to increase the fitness of seedlings is also little understood. The book is a unique and important resource for researchers and students in microbial ecology and biotechnology. Further, it appeals to applied academic and industrial agriculturists interested in increasing crop health and yield.

The Evolution of Multicellularity

The Evolution of Multicellularity
Author: Matthew D. Herron,Peter L. Conlin,William C. Ratcliff
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2022-06-08
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781000542578

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Among the most important innovations in the history of life is the transition from single-celled organisms to more complex, multicellular organisms. Multicellularity has evolved repeatedly across the tree of life, resulting in the evolution of new kinds of organisms that collectively constitute a significant portion of Earth’s biodiversity and have transformed the biosphere. This volume examines the origins and subsequent evolution of multicellularity, reviewing the types of multicellular groups that exist, their evolutionary relationships, the processes that led to their evolution, and the conceptual frameworks in which their evolution is understood. This important volume is intended to serve as a jumping-off point, stimulating further research by summarizing the topics that students and researchers of the evolution of multicellularity should be familiar with, and highlighting future research directions for the field.

Fossil Record 6 Volume 1

Fossil Record 6 Volume 1
Author: Spencer G. Lucas,Robert M. Sullivan
Publsiher: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2022
Genre: Nature
ISBN: 9182736450XXX

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Coal Paleobotany

Coal Paleobotany
Author: Reinhardt Thiessen,George C Sprunk
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 56
Release: 1941
Genre: Coal
ISBN: UOM:39015095081553

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The Kinney Brick Quarry Lagerst tte Late Pennsylvanian of New Mexico

The Kinney Brick Quarry Lagerst  tte  Late Pennsylvanian of New Mexico
Author: Spencer G. Lucas,William A. DiMichele,Bruce D. Allen
Publsiher: New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2022
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9182736450XXX

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