Transforming Climate Finance and Green Investment with Blockchains

Transforming Climate Finance and Green Investment with Blockchains
Author: Alastair Marke
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2018-06-28
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780128144480

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Transforming Climate Finance and Green Investment with Blockchains establishes and analyzes the connection between this revolutionary technology and global efforts to combat climate change. The benefits of blockchain come through various profound alterations, such as the adoption of smart contracts that are set to redefine governance and regulatory structures and transaction systems in coming decades. Each chapter contains a problem statement that describes the challenges blockchain technology can address. The book brings together original visions and insights from global members of the Blockchain Climate Institute, comprising thought leaders, financial professionals, international development practitioners, technology entrepreneurs, and more. This book will help readers understand blockchain technology and how it can facilitate the implementation of the Paris Agreement and accelerate the global transition to a green economy. Provides an authoritative examination of this emerging digital technology and its implications on global climate change governance Includes detailed proposals and thorough discussions of implementation issues that are specific to green economy sectors Relates innovative proposals to existing applications to demonstrate the value add of blockchain technology Covers blockchain for the smarter energy sector, for fraud-free emissions management, to streamline climate investments, and legal frameworks for blockchain-based climate finance

Transforming Green Bond Markets

Transforming Green Bond Markets
Author: Juan Antonio Ketterer,Gabriela Andrade,Maria Netto,Maria Isabel Haro
Publsiher: Inter-American Development Bank
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2019-09-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9182736450XXX

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Despite exhibiting remarkable growth, the green bond market still represents less than 1 percent of the global bond market. This paper identifies two challenges that might slow the adoption of green bonds and presents a menu of responses that policymakers, regulators, and public financial institutions can use to offset these challenges. Specifically, it explores two key dimensions: (i) the risk profile of the green bond instrument and (ii) the transaction costs associated with issuance of and reporting on green bonds. New approaches to risk design and technology-based approaches are essential to untap the potential of green bond markets, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean and other developing regions. The incorporation of financial mechanisms such as covered bonds and guarantees can adequately address the risk of the issues, making the market more attractive for investors. Enhanced regulation and education and leveraging efficiencies of new technologies such as distributed ledger technologies can substantially reduce monitoring and reporting costs, while improving transparency in the use of proceeds and market integrity.

The Financial System We Need

The Financial System We Need
Author: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Publsiher: United Nations
Total Pages: 106
Release: 2016-01-27
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9789210602426

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The Financial System We Need argues that there is now a historic opportunity to shape a financial system that can more effectively finance the development of an inclusive, green economy. This opportunity is based on a growing trend in policy innovation from central banks, financial regulators and standard setters, who are incorporating sustainability factors into the rules that govern the financial system. The report draws together practical examples of policy changes in banking, capital markets, insurance and institutional investment, drawing on detailed work in several countries. It offers a Framework for Action that shows how a systematic approach can now be taken at both the national and international levels.

Theories of Change

Theories of Change
Author: Karen Wendt
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2021-05-07
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783030522759

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Today, it has become strikingly obvious that companies no longer operate in an environment where only risk return and volatility describe the business environment. The business has to deal with volatility plus uncertainty, plus complexity and ambiguity (VUCA): that requires new qualities, competencies, frameworks; and it demands a new mind set to deal with the VUCA environment in investment, funding and financing. This book builds on a new megatrend beyond resilience, called anti-fragility. We have had the black swan (financial crisis) and the red swan (COVID) - the Bank for International Settlement is preparing for regenerative capitalism, block chain based analysis of financial streams and is aiming to prevent the “Green Swan” – the climate crisis to lead to the next lockdown. In the light of the UN 17 Sustainable Development Goals, what is required, is Theories of Change. Written by experts working in the fields of sustainable finance, impact investing, development finance, carbon divesting, innovation, scaling finance, impact entrepreneurship, social stock exchanges, alternative currencies, Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), ledger technologies, civil action, co-creation, impact management, deep learning and transformation leadership, the book begins by analysing existing Theories of Change frameworks from various disciplines and creating a new integrated model – the meta-framework. In turn, it presents insights on creating and using Theories of Change to redirect investment capital to sustainable companies while implementing the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement. Further, it discusses the perspective of planetary boundaries as defined by the Stockholm Resilience Institute, and investigates various aspects of systems, organizations, entrepreneurship, investment and finance that are closely tied to the mission ingrained in the Theory of Change. As it demonstrates, solutions that ensure the parity of profit, people and planet through dynamic change can effectively address the needs of entrepreneurs and business. By exploring these concepts and their application, the book helps create and shape new markets and opportunities.

The Rise of Green Finance in Europe

The Rise of Green Finance in Europe
Author: Marco Migliorelli,Philippe Dessertine
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2019-11-20
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783030225100

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This book offers a comprehensive discussion of how green finance has been growing thus far and explores the opportunities and key developments ahead, with particular emphasis on Europe. The main features of the market, the key products, the issue of correctly defining green finance, the main policy actions undertaken, the risk of green washing and the necessary steps to mainstream green finance are discussed in depth. In addition, the book analyses some highly relevant aspects of the market that so far have not been sufficiently explored in the policy, industry and academic debate. This includes the potential role of digitalisation and blockchain in fostering green finance, the crucial role of the effective financing of the agriculture to reach climate and environmental targets and the possible relationship between sustainable finance and other forms of "alternative" finance. This book will be of interest to academics, practitioners, financial institutions and policy makers involved in green finance and to the finance industry in general.

Global Renewables Outlook Energy Transformation 2050

Global Renewables Outlook  Energy Transformation 2050
Author: International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA
Publsiher: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2020-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789292602505

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This outlook highlights climate-safe investment options until 2050, policies for transition and specific regional challenges. It also explores options to eventually cut emissions to zero.

SME Competitiveness Outlook 2021

SME Competitiveness Outlook 2021
Author: International Trade Centre
Publsiher: United Nations
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-06-21
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9789210057660

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The SME Competitiveness Outlook 2021 analyses how small businesses can rebuild from the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic so they are better prepared to face the looming crisis of climate change. It provides a 20-point Green Recovery Plan to foster competitive, resilient and environmentally sustainable small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The report finds that firms owned by women and young people were hurt more by the pandemic and are more vulnerable to future shocks, such those brought by a changing climate. It shows how business support organizations, governments, lead firms in value chains and international organizations can enable SMEs to strengthen competitiveness, build resilience to climate hazards, and contribute to safeguarding the planet.

Transforming REDD

Transforming REDD
Author: Angelsen, A.,Martius, C.,de Sy, V.,Duchelle, A.E.,Larson, A.M.,Pham, T.T.
Publsiher: CIFOR
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2018-12-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9786023870790

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Constructive critique. This book provides a critical, evidence-based analysis of REDD+ implementation so far, without losing sight of the urgent need to reduce forest-based emissions to prevent catastrophic climate change. REDD+ as envisioned

Blockchain Based Smart Grids

Blockchain Based Smart Grids
Author: Miadreza Shafie-khah
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2020-05-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128178638

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Blockchain-Based Smart Grids presents emerging applications of blockchain in electrical system and looks to future developments in the use of blockchain technology in the energy market. Rapid growth of renewable energy resources in power systems and significant developments in the telecommunication systems has resulted in new market designs being employed to cover unpredictable and distributed generation of electricity. This book considers the marriage of blockchain and grid modernization, and discusses the transaction shifts in smart grids, from centralized to peer-to-peer structures. In addition, it addresses the effective application of these structures to speed up processes, resulting in more flexible electricity systems. Aimed at moving towards blockchain-based smart grids with renewable applications, this book is useful to researchers and practitioners in all sectors of smart grids, including renewable energy providers, manufacturers and professionals involved in electricity generation from renewable sources, grid modernization and smart grid applications. Considers the current challenges facing smart grids and presents solutions on how blockchain technology could counter these issues Incorporates detailed applications of blockchain in smart grids based on dynamic research and developments Includes models, algorithms, and frameworks to practically demonstrate the uses of blockchain technology Written by a global group of authors for worldwide coverage

Blockchain

Blockchain
Author: Mark Van Rijmenam,Philippa Ryan
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2018-08-15
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780429855559

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The internet was envisaged as a decentralised global network, but in the past 25 years it has come to be controlled by a few, very powerful, centralised companies. Blockchain is a technological paradigm shift that allows secure, reliable, and direct information transfer between individuals, organisations, and things, so that we can manage, verify, and control the use of our own data. Blockchain also offers a new opportunity for humanity to fix some major problems. It can authenticate data, manage its analysis, and automate its use. With better data comes better decision-making. In this way, Blockchain can contribute to solving climate change, reduce voting fraud, fix our identity systems, improve fair trade, and give the poor an opportunity to improve their lives by monetising their (digital) capital. A world built upon peer-to-peer transactions and smart contracts can empower individuals and communities. This book offers a fresh perspective with which to consider this transformative technology. It describes how Blockchain can optimise the processes that run our society. It provides practical solutions to global problems and offers a roadmap to incorporate Blockchain in your business. It offers a blueprint for a better world. Filled with easy-to-understand examples, this book shows how Blockchain can take over where the internet has fallen short.

Food Technology Disruptions

Food Technology Disruptions
Author: Charis M. Galanakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 388
Release: 2021-01-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128214749

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Food Technology Disruptions covers the latest disruptions in the food industry, such as the Internet of Things, digital technologies, modern applications like 3D printing, bacterial sensors in food packaging, electronic noses for food authentication, and artificial intelligence. With additional discussions on innovative distribution and delivery of food and consumer acceptance of food disruptions, this book is an essential resource for food scientists, technologists, engineers, agriculturalists, chemists, product developers, researchers, academics and professionals working in the food industry. While innovations play an important role in food production, disruptive technologies are a revolutionary type of innovation that can displace an established technology and shake up the industry...or create a completely new industry. Currently, digital technologies and smart applications lead innovations in the food sector in order to optimize the food supply chain and to develop and deliver tailor-made food products to consumers with new eating habits. Covers digital technologies in agriculture, food production and food processing, modern eating habits, personalized nutrition, and relevant innovative food products Brings alternative protein sources, novel functional foods and artificial meat Discusses the Internet of Things, digital technologies and modern applications like 3D printing, smart packaging and smart food distribution

The Green New Deal

The Green New Deal
Author: Jeremy Rifkin
Publsiher: St. Martin's Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-09-10
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781250253217

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An urgent plan to confront climate change, transform the American economy, and create a green post-fossil fuel culture. A new vision for America’s future is quickly gaining momentum. Facing a global emergency, a younger generation is spearheading a national conversation around a Green New Deal and setting the agenda for a bold political movement with the potential to revolutionize society. Millennials, the largest voting bloc in the country, are now leading on the issue of climate change. While the Green New Deal has become a lightning rod in the political sphere, there is a parallel movement emerging within the business community that will shake the very foundation of the global economy in coming years. Key sectors of the economy are fast-decoupling from fossil fuels in favor of ever cheaper solar and wind energies and the new business opportunities and employment that accompany them. New studies are sounding the alarm that trillions of dollars in stranded fossil fuel assets could create a carbon bubble likely to burst by 2028, causing the collapse of the fossil fuel civilization. The marketplace is speaking, and governments will need to adapt if they are to survive and prosper. In The Green New Deal, New York Times bestselling author and renowned economic theorist Jeremy Rifkin delivers the political narrative and economic plan for the Green New Deal that we need at this critical moment in history. The concurrence of a stranded fossil fuel assets bubble and a green political vision opens up the possibility of a massive shift to a post-carbon ecological era, in time to prevent a temperature rise that will tip us over the edge into runaway climate change. With twenty-five years of experience implementing Green New Deal–style transitions for both the European Union and the People’s Republic of China, Rifkin offers his vision for how to transform the global economy and save life on Earth.

Handbook of Environmental and Sustainable Finance

Handbook of Environmental and Sustainable Finance
Author: Vikash Ramiah,Greg N. Gregoriou
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2015-10-28
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9780128036464

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The use of financial concepts and tools to shape development is hardly new, but their recent adoption by advocates of sustainable environmental management has created opportunities for innovation in business and regulatory groups. The Handbook of Environmental and Sustainable Finance summarizes the latest trends and attitudes in environmental finance, balancing empirical research with theory and applications. It captures the evolution of environmental finance from a niche scholarly field to a mainstream subdiscipline, and it provides glimpses of future directions for research. Covering implications from the Kyoto and Paris Protocols, it presents an intellectually cohesive examination of problems, opportunities, and metrics worldwide. Introduces the latest developments in environmental economics, sustainable accounting work, and environmental/sustainable finance Explores the effects of environmental regulation on the economy and businesses Emphasizes research about the trade-environmental regulation nexus, relevant for economics and business students

ESG Investment

ESG Investment
Author: Naoko Nemoto,Naoyuki Yoshino
Publsiher: Brookings Institution Press
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2020-02-25
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9784899742067

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Investors are increasingly integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues into their investment decisions. Currently, more than half of managed assets in Europe are linked to ESG factors, while in Japan, ESG investment has grown dramatically in recent years. In principle, ESG investment can help to bridge the gap between profit-driven investment and economic and social sustainability in Asia and the Pacific. However, a number of challenges, such as unclear and varied sustainable investment criteria, untested impacts on corporate value and social issues, and the lack of quality data cloud the potential for increasing ESG investment. This book aims to contribute to developing a framework for future analysis and monitoring to ensure the growth of ESG investment.

Understanding Risks and Uncertainties in Energy and Climate Policy

Understanding Risks and Uncertainties in Energy and Climate Policy
Author: Haris Doukas,Alexandros Flamos,Jenny Lieu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2018-12-10
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9783030031527

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This open access book analyzes and seeks to consolidate the use of robust quantitative tools and qualitative methods for the design and assessment of energy and climate policies. In particular, it examines energy and climate policy performance and associated risks, as well as public acceptance and portfolio analysis in climate policy, and presents methods for evaluating the costs and benefits of flexible policy implementation as well as new framings for business and market actors. In turn, it discusses the development of alternative policy pathways and the identification of optimal switching points, drawing on concrete examples to do so. Lastly, it discusses climate change mitigation policies’ implications for the agricultural, food, building, transportation, service and manufacturing sectors.