Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health
Author: Sam Elrahman,Michael Meyer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2019-06-15
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128167748

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Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

Children s Active Transportation

Children   s Active Transportation
Author: Richard Larouche
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2018-06-15
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128119327

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Children’s Active Transportation is a rigorous and comprehensive examination of the current research and interventions on active transportation for children and youth. As the travel behaviors of these groups tend to be highly routinized, and their mobility faces unique constraints, such as parental restrictions, mandatory school attendance, and the inability to drive a motor vehicle before late adolescence, this book examines the key factors that influence travel behavior among children and youth, providing key insights into lessons learned from current interventions. Readers will find a resource that clearly demonstrates how critical it is for children to develop strong, active transportation habits that carry into adulthood. Discusses the correlates that exist between children’s active transportation using a social and ecological model Summarizes active transportation interventions that show what works to increase non-motorized modes of travel in children Describes the factors that influence the implementation and effectiveness of interventions

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health
Author: Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2020-04-08
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9780128191378

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Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Transport Environment and Health

Transport  Environment and Health
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 81
Release: 2000
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789289013567

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This book brings together the scientific evidence on the main effects of transport on human health and the environment. It sets the conceptual framework for future analyses of the health burden and health gains from transport policies. It outlines how these health concerns have been reflected in policy tools such as impact assessment, regulation and economic analysis, and identifies the areas where action is most needed. Discussions of the environment and health effects of transport need to be communicated in a way that is relevant for policy-makers and easily understood by nonscientists. That is the aim of this book, which summarizes the results of extensive reviews of the issues prepared by groups of prominent international experts. It is also planned to release the reviews themselves, to give a more detailed account of the scientific evidence. [Foreword]

Traffic Related Air Pollution

Traffic Related Air Pollution
Author: Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Joe Zietsman,Tara Ramani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2020-08-20
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780128181232

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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP’s public health impacts Examines TRAP’s health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 38
Release: 2019
Genre: Public health
ISBN: 0309480981

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States and localities are beginning to recognize and act on the connection between health and transportation. A growing number of entities have produced a number of resources, guidance documents, and strategic plans on the topic. The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 932: A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health builds upon this body of work to provide a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts. The report includes an Implementation Plan that is outlined in the Health and Transportation Research Roadmap presentation. The 10-year strategic Roadmap will provide a broad overview of highly relevant research needs as well as implementable tools for state DOTs and partners at the intersection of transportation and public health in the United States.

Issues of the Day

Issues of the Day
Author: Ian W. H. Parry,Felicia Day
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 229
Release: 2010
Genre: Law
ISBN: 9781936331253

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Issues of the Day provides an easy way for students, academics, journalists, policymakers, and the public to learn about a diverse range of policy issues affecting the environment, energy, transportation, and public health. Each commentary gives a short assessment of a topic, summarizing in a non-technical way the current state of analysis or evidence on the issue, along with selected recommendations for further reading. The essays are written by world renowned scholars, mostly economists, and provide useful insights on policy problems that are often complex and poorly understood. Some of the topics covered include air pollution, hazardous waste, voluntary environmental programs, domestic (U.S.) and global climate policy design, fishery management, water quality, endangered species, forest fires, oil security, solar power, road and airport, fuel taxes and fuel economy standards, alternative fuel vehicles, health and longevity, smoking, malaria, tuberculosis, and the environment and development. The objective is to disseminate the findings of sound, objective research on the costs, benefits, and appropriate reform of public policies. The book provides a useful supplement for undergraduate- and graduate-level course reading, a reference guide for professionals, and a way for the general reader to quickly develop an informed perspective on the most important policy problems of the day.Issues of the Day is available to download as a PDF from the Resources for the Future website: www.rff.org/weeklycommentary

Transit Street Design Guide

Transit Street Design Guide
Author: National Association of City Transportation Officials
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 223
Release: 2016-04-14
Genre: Architecture
ISBN: 9781610917476

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"The Transit Street Design Guide sets a new vision for how cities can harness the immense potential of transit to create active and efficient streets in neighborhoods and downtowns alike. Building on the Urban Street Design Guide and Urban Bikeway Design Guide, the Transit Street Design Guide details how reliable public transportation depends on a commitment to transit at every level of design. Developed through a new peer network of NACTO members and transit agency partners, the Guide provides street transportation departments, transit operating agencies, leaders, and practitioners with the tools to actively prioritize transit on the street."--Site Web de NACTO.

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Laboratory Animals
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2006-08-14
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780309101103

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Arranging the transportation of animals at research facilities is often an ordeal. There is a confusing patchwork of local, national, and international regulations; a perceived lack of high-quality shipping services; a dearth of science-based good practices; and a lack of biosafety standards. It's a challenge â€"and an impediment to biomedical research. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals identifies the current problems encountered in the transportation of research animals and offers recommendations aimed at local and federal officials to rectify these problems. This book also includes a set of good practices based on the extensive body of literature on transportation of agricultural animals, universal concepts of physiology, and a scientific understanding of species-specific needs and differences. Good practices were developed by the committee to address thermal environment, space requirements, food and water requirements, social interaction, monitoring of transportation, emergency procedures, personnel training, and biosecurity. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals is an essential guide for all researchers, animal care technicians, facilities managers, administrators, and animal care and use committees at research institutions.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-04-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309452960

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In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Urban Transportation and Logistics

Urban Transportation and Logistics
Author: Eiichi Taniguchi,Tien Fang Fwa,Russell G. Thompson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2013-12-13
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9781482209112

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Although society has become increasingly dependent on the timely operation of logistics systems, we still face many problems regarding efficiency, the environment, energy consumption, and safety in urban transport and logistics—under normal cases and in disasters. As such, understanding how to address these challenges has become essential for creating better urban planning and policy implementation. Presenting the best practices of leading experts from around the world, Urban Transportation and Logistics: Health, Safety, and Security Concerns provides cutting-edge concepts and a vision for urban transport and logistics relating to human security. Its comprehensive coverage supplies the foundation for examining transport and logistics systems in urban areas from the viewpoint of safety and security considerations on human life. Topics covered include: Hazardous material transport Healthy transport Road safety Network design for freight transport and supply chain Transport and logistics in Asian cities Vehicle routing and scheduling with uncertainty Urban transport and logistics in natural disasters Future perspectives on urban freight transport The book addresses Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Intelligent Transport System (ITS) applications within urban logistics. It considers supply chains, road safety in hazardous material transport, and logistics and transport design in mixed traffic areas. It also introduces the notion of the megalopolis and the need for improved planning relative to human usage, freight transportation, and city logistic planning. This book provides numerous examples and case studies of real-world scenarios from around the world, making it useful for both practitioners and researchers involved in urban transport and logistics planning.

Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health
Author: M. D. Meyer,O. A. Elrahman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 338
Release: 2019-06-17
Genre: Transportation
ISBN: 9780128172964

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Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

Access to Health Care in America

Access to Health Care in America
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Monitoring Access to Personal Health Care Services
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1993-02-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309047425

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Americans are accustomed to anecdotal evidence of the health care crisis. Yet, personal or local stories do not provide a comprehensive nationwide picture of our access to health care. Now, this book offers the long-awaited health equivalent of national economic indicators. This useful volume defines a set of national objectives and identifies indicators--measures of utilization and outcome--that can "sense" when and where problems occur in accessing specific health care services. Using the indicators, the committee presents significant conclusions about the situation today, examining the relationships between access to care and factors such as income, race, ethnic origin, and location. The committee offers recommendations to federal, state, and local agencies for improving data collection and monitoring. This highly readable and well-organized volume will be essential for policymakers, public health officials, insurance companies, hospitals, physicians and nurses, and interested individuals.

U S Health in International Perspective

U S  Health in International Perspective
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2013-04-12
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9780309264143

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The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2003-02-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780309133180

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The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation's public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation's health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public's health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists.