Ultrasmall Lanthanide Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Imaging and Therapy

Ultrasmall Lanthanide Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Imaging and Therapy
Author: Gang Ho Lee,Jeong-Tae Kim
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2014-11-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780081000694

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Most books discuss general and broad topics regarding molecular imagings. However, Ultrasmall Lanthanide Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Imaging and Therapy, will mainly focus on lanthanide oxide nanoparticles for molecular imaging and therapeutics. Multi-modal imaging capabilities will discussed, along with up-converting FI by using lanthanide oxide nanoparticles. The synthesis will cover polyol synthesis of lanthanide oxide nanoparticles, Surface coatings with biocompatible and hydrophilic ligands will be discussed and TEM images and dynamic light scattering (DLS) patterns will be provided. Various techniques which are generally used in analyzing the synthesized surface coated nanoparticles will be explored and this section will also cover FT­, IR analysis, XRD analysis, SQUID analysis, cytotoxicity measurements and proton relaxivity measurements. In vivo MR images, CT images, fluorescence images will be provided and Therapeutic application of gadolinium oxide nanoparticles will be discussed. Finally, future perpectives will be discussed. That is, present status and future works needed for clinical applications of lanthanide oxide nanoparticles to molecular imagings will be discussed. Synthesis will be discussed in detail General characterizations of nanoparticles before in vivo applications will be discussed The book will cover all possible applications of lanthanide oxide nanoparticles to molecular imagings such as MRI, CT, FI as well as therapeutics

Noble Metal Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles

Noble Metal Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles
Author: Satyabrata Mohapatra,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Phuong Nguyen-Tri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 674
Release: 2018-10-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128141359

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Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles: Fundamentals and Applications sets out concepts and emerging applications of hybrid nanoparticles in biomedicine, antibacterial, energy storage and electronics. The hybridization of noble metals (Gold, Silver, Palladium and Platinum) with metal-oxide nanoparticles exhibits superior features when compared to individual nanoparticles. In some cases, metal oxides act as semiconductors, such as nano zinc oxide or titanium oxide nanoparticles, where their hybridization with silver nanoparticles, enhanced significantly their photocatalytic efficiency. The book highlights how such nanomaterials are used for practical applications. Examines the properties of metal-metal oxide hybrid nanoparticles that make them so adaptable Explores the mechanisms by which nanoparticles interact with each other, showing how these can be exploited for practical applications Shows how metal oxide hybrid nanomaterials are used in a range of industry sectors, including energy, the environment and healthcare

Hybrid Imaging in Cardiovascular Medicine

Hybrid Imaging in Cardiovascular Medicine
Author: Yi-Hwa Liu,Albert J. Sinusas
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2017-10-31
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781466595385

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This comprehensive book focuses on multimodality imaging technology, including overviews of the instruments and methods followed by practical case studies that highlight use in the detection and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Chapters cover PET-CT, SPECT-CT, SPECT-MRI, PET-MRI, PET-optical imaging, SPECT-optical imaging, photoacoustic Imaging, and hybrid intravascular imaging. It also addresses the important issues of multimodality imaging probes and image quantification. Readers from radiology and cardiology as well as medical imaging and biomedical engineering will learn essentials of the field. They will be shown how the field has advanced quantitative analysis of molecularly targeted imaging through improvements in the reliability and reproducibility of imaging data. Moreover, they will be presented with quantification algorithms and case illustrations, including coverage of such topics such as multimodality image fusion and kinetic modeling. Yi-Hwa Liu, PhD is Senior Research Scientist in Cardiovascular Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine and Technical Director of Nuclear Cardiology at Yale New Haven Hospital. He is also an Associate Professor (Adjunct) of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences at National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, and Professor (Adjunct) of Biomedical Engineering at Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. He is an elected senior member of Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and a full member of Sigma Xi of The Scientific Research Society of North America. Albert J. Sinusas, M.D., FACC, FAHA is Professor of Medicine (Section of Cardiovascular Medicine) and Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, at Yale University School of Medicine, and Director of the Yale Translational Research Imaging Center (Y-TRIC), and Director of Advanced Cardiovascular Imaging at Yale New Haven Hospital. He is a recipient of the Society of Nuclear Medicine’s Hermann Blumgart Award.

Functional Materials

Functional Materials
Author: Mario Leclerc,Robert Gauvin
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2014-10-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783110307825

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"Functional Materials textbook is not simply a review of the vast body of literature of the recent years, as it holds the focus upon various aspects of application. Moreover, it selects only a few topics in favor of a solid and thorough treatment of the relevant aspects. This book comes in a good time, when a large body of academic literature has been accumulated and is waiting for a critical inspection in the light of the real demands of application." Professor Gerhard Wegner, Max-Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany The chapters cover three important fields in the development of functional materials: energy, environment, and biomedical applications. These topics are explained and discussed from both an experimental and a theoretical perspective. Functional organic and inorganic materials are at the center of most technological breakthroughs. Therefore, the understanding of material properties is fundamental to the development of novel functionalities and applications.

Nanomaterial Based Biomedical Applications in Molecular Imaging Diagnostics and Therapy

Nanomaterial   Based Biomedical Applications in Molecular Imaging  Diagnostics and Therapy
Author: Amitabha Acharya
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 203
Release: 2020-05-23
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789811542800

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This book comprehensively reviews the recent advances in nanomaterial-based molecular imaging, diagnostics, and personalized therapy. It discusses the novel biocompatible fluorescent nanomaterials, their synthesis, and modern state of art characterization, as well as the various strategies for immobilization of biomacromolecules on the nanomaterial surface and approaches for increasing their stability. In addition, the book describes the synthesis of lectin nanoconjugates using different types of biocompatible raw materials and their systematic characterization. Lastly, it presents our current understanding of the biomolecular carona, which affects nanoparticle-based targeted drug delivery, and examines the conceptual approaches to improve the in-vivo efficacy of targeted drug delivery.

Lanthanide Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

Lanthanide Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials
Author: Xueyuan Chen,Yongsheng Liu,Datao Tu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2013-11-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642403644

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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the subject. Xueyuan Chen is a Professor at Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), Chinese Academy of Sciences. Yongsheng Liu is a Research Associate Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Datao Tu is a Research Assistant Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Therapeutic and Diagnostic Nanomaterials

Therapeutic and Diagnostic Nanomaterials
Author: Devasena T
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 109
Release: 2016-07-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789811009235

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This brief highlights nanoparticles used in the diagnosis and treatment of prominent diseases and toxic conditions. Ecofriendly methods which are ideal for the synthesis of medicinally valued nanoparticles are explained and the characteristic features of these particles projected. The role of these particles in the therapeutic field, and the induced biological changes in some diseases are discussed. The main focus is on inflammation, oxidative stress and cellular membrane integrity alterations. The effect of nanoparticles on these changes produced by various agents are highlighted using in vitro and in vivo models. The mechanism of nanoparticles in ameliorating the biological changes is supported by relevant images and data. Finally, the brief demonstrates recent developments on the use of nanoparticles in diagnosis or sensing of some biological materials and biologically hazardous environmental materials.

Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry

Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry
Author: Jason S. Lewis,Albert D. Windhorst,Brian M. Zeglis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 651
Release: 2019-04-02
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319989471

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This book is a comprehensive guide to radiopharmaceutical chemistry. The stunning clinical successes of nuclear imaging and targeted radiotherapy have resulted in rapid growth in the field of radiopharmaceutical chemistry, an essential component of nuclear medicine and radiology. However, at this point, interest in the field outpaces the academic and educational infrastructure needed to train radiopharmaceutical chemists. For example, the vast majority of texts that address radiopharmaceutical chemistry do so only peripherally, focusing instead on nuclear chemistry (i.e. nuclear reactions in reactors), heavy element radiochemistry (i.e. the decomposition of radioactive waste), or solely on the clinical applications of radiopharmaceuticals (e.g. the use of PET tracers in oncology). This text fills that gap by focusing on the chemistry of radiopharmaceuticals, with key coverage of how that knowledge translates to the development of diagnostic and therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals for the clinic. The text is divided into three overarching sections: First Principles, Radiochemistry, and Special Topics. The first is a general overview covering fundamental and broad issues like “The Production of Radionuclides” and “Basics of Radiochemistry”. The second section is the main focus of the book. In this section, each chapter’s author will delve much deeper into the subject matter, covering both well established and state-of-the-art techniques in radiopharmaceutical chemistry. This section will be divided according to radionuclide and will include chapters on radiolabeling methods using all of the common nuclides employed in radiopharmaceuticals, including four chapters on the ubiquitously used fluorine-18 and a “Best of the Rest” chapter to cover emerging radionuclides. Finally, the third section of the book is dedicated to special topics with important information for radiochemists, including “Bioconjugation Methods,” “Click Chemistry in Radiochemistry”, and “Radiochemical Instrumentation.” This is an ideal educational guide for nuclear medicine physicians, radiologists, and radiopharmaceutical chemists, as well as residents and trainees in all of these areas.

Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging

Nanoparticles in Biomedical Imaging
Author: Jeff W.M. Bulte,Michel Modo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2007-11-22
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780387720272

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The current generation of imaging nanoparticles is diverse and dependent on its myriad of applications. This book provides an overview of how these imaging particles can be designed to fulfill specific requirements for applications across different imaging modalities. It presents, for the first time, a comprehensive interdisciplinary overview of the impact nanoparticles have on biomedical imaging and is a common central resource for researchers and teachers.

Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials

Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials
Author: J.M.P.Q. Delgado
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2013-08-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783642374692

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The purpose of this book, Industrial and Technological Applications of Transport in Porous Materials, is to provide a collection of recent contributions in the field of heat and mass transfer in porous media and their industrial and technological applications. The main benefit of the book is that it discusses some of the most important topics related to transport phenomenon in engineering and their future applications. It includes a set of new technological applications in the field of heat and mass transfer phenomena in a porous medium domain, such as, drying technology, filtration, infrared thermography, energy, recycling, etc. At the same time, these topics will be going to the encounter of a variety of scientific and engineering disciplines, such as chemical, civil, agricultural, mechanical engineering, etc. The book is divided in several chapters that intend to be a resume of the current state of knowledge for benefit of professional colleagues.

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2016-10-31
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780444638526

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Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths: Including Actinides is a continuous series of books covering all aspects of rare earth science, including chemistry, life sciences, materials science, and physics. The book's main emphasis is on rare earth elements [Sc, Y, and the lanthanides (La through Lu], but whenever relevant, information is also included on the closely related actinide elements. Individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, up-to-date, critical reviews written by highly experienced, invited experts. The series, which was started in 1978 by Professor Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., combines, and integrates, both the fundamentals and applications of these elements with two published volumes each year. Presents up-to-date overviews and new developments in the field of rare earths, covering both their physics and chemistry Contains Individual chapters that are comprehensive and broad, with critical reviews Provides contributions from highly experienced, invited experts

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications 3 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications  3 Volume Set
Author: Munmaya Mishra
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 2954
Release: 2018-12-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781351019415

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Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. Technology is continually changing and quickly advancing as polymers are needed to solve a variety of day-to-day challenges leading to improvements in quality of life. The Encyclopedia of Polymer Applications presents state-of-the-art research and development on the applications of polymers. This groundbreaking work provides important overviews to help stimulate further advancements in all areas of polymers. This comprehensive multi-volume reference includes articles contributed from a diverse and global team of renowned researchers. It offers a broad-based perspective on a multitude of topics in a variety of applications, as well as detailed research information, figures, tables, illustrations, and references. The encyclopedia provides introductions, classifications, properties, selection, types, technologies, shelf-life, recycling, testing and applications for each of the entries where applicable. It features critical content for both novices and experts including, engineers, scientists (polymer scientists, materials scientists, biomedical engineers, macromolecular chemists), researchers, and students, as well as interested readers in academia, industry, and research institutions.

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials
Author: Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2017-04-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783662527801

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Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Nanoparticles and their Biomedical Applications

Nanoparticles and their Biomedical Applications
Author: Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2020-03-06
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9789811503917

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Nanotechnology is expected to bring revolutionary changes in a variety of fields. This volume describes nanoparticles and their biomedical applications, and covers metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, rare earth based nanoparticles and graphene oxide nanoparticles. It elaborates on a number of biomedical applications, including therapeutic applications. It addresses the topic of green synthesis, in view of increasing health and environmental concerns.

Frontiers in Toxicity and Functionalization of Nanomaterials

Frontiers in Toxicity and Functionalization of Nanomaterials
Author: Dong-Wook Han,Wojciech Chrzanowski
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2018-03-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783038427360

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Frontiers in Toxicity and Functionalization of Nanomaterials" that was published in Nanomaterials