Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub Saharan Africa

Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub Saharan Africa
Author: Namrita Lall
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2019-11-07
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128168219

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Underexplored Medicinal Plants from Sub-Saharan Africa: Plants with Therapeutic Potential for Human Health examines a comprehensive selection of rarely explored plants that have been underestimated for their therapeutic value. The book contains monographs of medicinal plants, outlining their botanical description, geographical distribution, ethnobotanical usage, chemical constituents, sample and standard preparations and methods, and pharmacological properties. With expert contributors from South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria, and the compilation of ethnobotanical, taxonomic and pharmacologic information for each species, this book is a valuable resource for researchers, academics in pharmacology, ethnopharmacology, medicinal plant sciences, and more. Explores the therapeutic potential of a comprehensive selection of underexplored and underutilized medicinal plants in sub-Sahara Africa Provides a summary table of structures of any known natural products, including details of plant source (chapter) and observed activity (e.g. anticancer, antibacterial) Includes contributions from experts from South African, Mauritius, Seychelles, Cameroon and Nigeria

Medicinal Plants for Cosmetics Health and Diseases

Medicinal Plants for Cosmetics  Health and Diseases
Author: Namrita Lall
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2022-07-19
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: 9781000599442

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"A book is like a garden carried in the pocket." – Chinese proverb This Chinese proverb simply means: Reading helps strengthen one’s intellect, which correlates with the feeling one will have, once they have read this book. Medicinal Plants in Cosmetics, Health and Disease describes diseases and ailments occurring in individuals worldwide including acne, ageing, various cancers, eczema and other conditions. This book explains each disease and ailment, allowing the reader to gain a better perspective on misunderstood and underestimated assumptions accompanying the ailment or condition. Not only does this book present information on different diseases and ailments, it presents a variety of plants and plant-based compounds demonstrating potential health benefits. Features: Provides details on a broad range of diseases and conditions prevalent throughout the world. Includes information on how plant bioactives can aid in the prevention, treatment and management of diseases and conditions including cancer, tuberculosis and anti-coagulants, acne, wrinkle formation and eczema. Each chapter provides a list of plants and plant-based compounds found globally, demonstrating their potential in treating various diseases and conditions. This book is appropriate for individuals having interest in learning several potential health benefits using bioactives derived from medicinal plants and phytomedicine. About the Editor Namrita Lall is a professor of Medicinal Plant Sciences, DST/ NRF SARCHII Chair in Plant Health Products from IKS, and is based at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. In addition to this, she holds numerous appointments, including an adjunct faculty position at the University of Missouri, JSS College of Pharmacy, India and a senior research fellow at the Bio-Tech R&D Institute, Jamaica. She has an interest in investigating medicinal plants and evaluating their potential for pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical purposes.

Aquatic Plants

Aquatic Plants
Author: Namrita Lall
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2020-07-26
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: 9780429768941

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Aquatic Plants: Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Applications provides a concise description of popular aquatic plants found across the globe. The chapters in this beautifully illustrated, full-color book focus on the aquatic species native to specific continents. Written by a global team of experts, this book explains the distribution, ethnobotanical uses, genome sequencing, chemical compounds, and biological activity of these plants and addresses the cultivation and sustainable production of aquatic and wetland plants. Features: Describes the biological activity of a large collection of aquatic plants. Color photographs highlight each plant’s ethnobotanical characteristics, and structural formulae show their chemical constituents. Contributions come from leading scientists from countries including the United States, India, Mauritius, South Africa, and Cyprus. Aquatic Plants: Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Applications is a valuable resource for academics conducting research on aquatic plants and for professionals in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries who are involved with the therapeutic applications of these plants and their sustainable usage.

Non Timber Forest Products

Non Timber Forest Products
Author: Azamal Husen,Rakesh Kumar Bachheti,Archana Bachheti
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 473
Release: 2021-07-30
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030730772

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Forests cover thirty-one percent of the world’s land surface, provide habitats for animals, livelihoods for humans, and generate household income in rural areas of developing countries. They also supply other essential amenities, for instance, they filter water, control water runoff, protect soil erosion, regulate climate, store nutrients, and facilitate countless non-timber forest products (NTFPs). The main NTFPs comprise herbs, grasses, climbers, shrubs, and trees used for food, fodder, fuel, beverages, medicine, animals, birds and fish for food, fur, and feathers, as well as their products, like honey, lac, silk, and paper. At present, these products play an important role in the daily life and well-being of millions of people worldwide. Hence the forest and its products are very valuable and often NTFPs are considered as the ‘potential pillars of sustainable forestry’. NTFPs items like food, herbal drugs, forage, fuel-wood, fountain, fibre, bamboo, rattans, leaves, barks, resins, and gums have been continuously used and exploited by humans. Wild edible foods are rich in terms of vitamins, protein, fat, sugars, and minerals. Additionally, some NTFPs are used as important raw materials for pharmaceutical industries. Numerous industry-based NTFPs are now being exported in considerable quantities by developing countries. Accordingly, this sector facilitates employment opportunities in remote rural areas. So, these developments also highlight the role of NTFPs in poverty alleviation in different regions of the world. This book provides a wide spectrum of information on NTFPs, including important references. We hope that the compendium of chapters in this book will be very useful as a reference book for graduate and postgraduate students and researchers in various disciplines of forestry, botany, medical botany, economic botany, ecology, agroforestry, and biology. Additionally, this book should be useful for scientists, experts, and consultants associated with the forestry sector.

Biodiversity of Vegetation and Flora in Tropical Africa

Biodiversity of Vegetation and Flora in Tropical Africa
Author: Lúıs Catarino,Maria M. Romeiras
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2020-12-03
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783039435319

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African ecosystems comprise a wealthy repository of biodiversity, with a high proportion of native and endemic plant species, which makes them biologically unique and providers of a wide range of ecosystem services. A large part of African populations, in both rural and urban areas, depend on plants for their survival and welfare, but many ecosystems are being degraded, mostly due to the growing impacts of climate change and other anthropogenic actions and environmental problems. Loss of habitat and biodiversity affects livelihoods, water supply and food security and reduces the resilience of ecosystems in the African continent. The knowledge about the great African plant and ecosystem diversity, and the structure, composition and processes involved in vegetation dynamics, is crucial to promote their sustainable use and to preserve one of the most understudied regions in the world. This Special Issue aimed to gather contributions that update and improve such knowledge.

African Natural Plant Products

African Natural Plant Products
Author: Chi-Tang Ho
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2010-02-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 0841269874

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This book provides an excellent opportunity to delve into the current and future contributions that African plants can and will continue to make both internal to Africa and on the global stage.

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2017-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789251094891

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Living in and from the forests of Central Africa is intended first and foremost as a full-scale extension tool concerning NWFPs in Central Africa. It is a work on the groups who have always lived in these forests, forests that contribute to every aspect of their daily lives, both material and spiritual, and enable them to survive even in periods of extreme crisis.

Governing Africa s Forests in a Globalized World

Governing Africa s Forests in a Globalized World
Author: Laura A. German,Anne-Marie Tiani
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 445
Release: 2009-12
Genre: Political Science
ISBN: 9781849774512

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Many countries around the world are engaged in decentralization processes, and most African countries face serious problems with forest governance, from benefits sharing to illegality and sustainable forest management. This book summarizes experiences to date on the extent and nature of decentralization and its outcomes, most of which suggest an underperformance of governance reforms, and explores the viability of different governance instruments in the context of weak governance and expanding commercial pressures over forests. Findings are grouped into two thematic areas: decentralization, livelihoods and sustainable forest management; and international trade, finance and forest sector governance reforms. The authors examine diverse forces shaping the forest sector, including the theory and practice of decentralization, usurpation of authority, corruption and illegality, inequitable patterns of benefits capture and expansion of international trade in timber and carbon credits, and discuss related outcomes on livelihoods, forest condition and equity. The book builds on earlier volumes exploring different dimensions of decentralization and perspectives from other world regions, and distills dimensions of forest governance that are both unique to Africa and representative of broader global patterns. Authors ground their analysis in relevant theory while attempting to distill implications of their findings for policy and practice.

Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well Being

Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well Being
Author: Namrita Lall
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-09-27
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9780128124765

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Medicinal Plants for Holistic Health and Well-Being discusses, in depth, the use of South African plants to treat a variety of ailments, including tuberculosis, cancer, periodontal diseases, acne, postmacular hypomelanosis, and more. Plants were selected on the basis of their traditional use, and the book details the scientific evidence that supports their pharmacological and therapeutic potential to safely and effectively treat each disease. Thus, this book is a valuable resource for all researchers, students and professors involved in advancing global medicinal plant research. Many plants found in South Africa are also found in other parts of the world. Each chapter highlights plants from other worldwide locations so that scientists can study which plants belong to the same family, and how similar qualities can be used to treat a specific disease. Uses traditional medicine as an efficient means to identify and further investigate South African and similar plants used as lead compounds in modern drug discovery Includes a number of chapters dedicated to using medicinal plants to treat various skin disorders, which is not covered often in other books on medicinal plants Organized by specific diseases, with vital evidence-based data related to the bioactivity, pharmacological potential, chemical structure and safety information

Turn Down the Heat

Turn Down the Heat
Author: A Report for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Analytics.
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2013-06-19
Genre: Climatic changes
ISBN: 9781464800559

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This report focuses on the risks of climate change to development in Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and South Asia. Building on the 2012 report, Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided, this new scientific analysis examines the likely impacts of present day, 2°C and 4°C warming on agricultural production, water resources, and coastal vulnerability. It finds many significant climate and development impacts are already being felt in some regions, and that as warming increases from present day (0.8°C) to 2°C and 4°C, multiple threats of increasing extreme heat waves, sea-level rise, more severe storms, droughts and floods are expected to have further severe negative implications for the poorest and most vulnerable. The report finds that agricultural yields will be affected across the three regions, with repercussions for food security, economic growth, and poverty reduction. In addition, urban areas have been identified as new clusters of vulnerability with urban dwellers, particularly the urban poor, facing significant vulnerability to climate change. In Sub-Saharan Africa, under 3°C global warming, savannas are projected to decrease from their current levels to approximately one-seventh of total land area and threaten pastoral livelihoods. Under 4°C warming, total hyper-arid and arid areas are projected to expand by 10 percent. In South East Asia, under 2°C warming, heat extremes that are virtually absent today would cover nearly 60-70 percent of total land area in northern-hemisphere summer, adversely impacting ecosystems. Under 4°C warming, rural populations would face mounting pressures from sea-level rise, increased tropical cyclone intensity, storm surges, saltwater intrusions, and loss of marine ecosystem services. In South Asia, the potential sudden onset of disturbances to the monsoon system and rising peak temperatures would put water and food resources at severe risk. Well before 2°C warming occurs, substantial reductions in the frequency of low snow years is projected to cause substantial reductions in dry season flow, threatening agriculture. Many of the worst climate impacts could still be avoided by holding warming below 2°C, but the window for action is closing rapidly. Urgent action is also needed to build resilience to a rapidly warming world that will pose significant risks to agriculture, water resources, coastal infrastructure, and human health.

Biodiversity and Human Health

Biodiversity and Human Health
Author: Francesca Grifo,Joshua Rosenthal
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 1997-02
Genre: Health & Fitness
ISBN: 1559635002

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Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity.

Popular Medicinal Plants in Portland and Kingston Jamaica

Popular Medicinal Plants in Portland and Kingston  Jamaica
Author: Ina Vandebroek,David Picking
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2020-12-05
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783030489274

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This book highlights the results from over a year of ethnobotanical research in a rural and an urban community in Jamaica, where we interviewed more than 100 people who use medicinal plants for healthcare. The goal of this research was to better understand patterns of medicinal plant knowledge, and to find out which plants are used in consensus by local people for a variety of illnesses. For this book, we selected 25 popular medicinal plant species mentioned during fieldwork. Through individual interviews, we were able to rank plants according to their frequency of mention, and categorized the medicinal uses for each species as “major” (mentioned by more than 20% of people in a community) or “minor” (mentioned by more than 5%, but less than 20% of people). Botanical identification of plant specimens collected in the wild allowed for cross-linking of common and scientific plant names. To supplement field research, we undertook a comprehensive search and review of the ethnobotanical and biomedical literature. Our book summarizes all this information in detail under specific sub-headings.

Medicinal Plant Research in Africa

Medicinal Plant Research in Africa
Author: Victor Kuete
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 916
Release: 2013-06-19
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780124059368

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The pharmacopoeias of most African countries are available and contain an impressive number of medicinal plants used for various therapeutic purposes. Many African scholars have distinguished themselves in the fields of organic chemistry, pharmacology, and pharmacognosy and other areas related to the study of plant medicinal plants. However, until now, there is no global standard book on the nature and specificity of chemicals isolated in African medicinal plants, as well as a book bringing together and discussing the main bioactive metabolites of these plants. This book explores the essence of natural substances from African medicinal plants and their pharmacological potential. In light of possible academic use, this book also scans the bulk of African medicinal plants extract having promising pharmacological activities. The book contains data of biologically active plants of Africa, plant occurring compounds and synthesis pathways of secondary metabolites. This book explores the essence of natural substances from African medicinal plants and their pharmacological potential The authors are world reknowned African Scientists.

African Indigenous Knowledge and the Disciplines

African Indigenous Knowledge and the Disciplines
Author: Gloria Emeagwali,George J Sefa Dei
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2014-11-26
Genre: Education
ISBN: 9789462097704

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This text explores the multidisciplinary context of African Indigenous Knowledge Systems from scholars and scholar activists committed to the interrogation, production, articulation, dissemination and general development of endogenous and indigenous modes of intellectual activity and praxis. The work reinforces the demand for the decolonization of the academy and makes the case for a paradigmatic shift in content, subject matter and curriculum in institutions in Africa and elsewhere – with a view to challenging and rejecting disinformation and intellectual servitude. Indigenous intellectual discourses related to diverse disciplines take center stage in this volume with a focus on education, mathematics, medicine, chemistry and engineering in their historical and contemporary context.

Medicinal Plants of East Africa

Medicinal Plants of East Africa
Author: Najma Dharani,Abiy Yenesew
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010
Genre: Materia medica, Vegetable
ISBN: 9966051678

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