Valuing Wind Generation on Integrated Power Systems

Valuing Wind Generation on Integrated Power Systems
Author: Ken Dragoon
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2010-09-28
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9781437778533

Download Valuing Wind Generation on Integrated Power Systems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Wind powered generation is the fastest growing energy source in the United States due to a combination of economic incentives, public preference for renewable energy as expressed in government policies, competitive costs, and the need to address global warming. The economic consequences of the relative variability and lower predictability of wind generation are not easily captured in standard economic analyses performed by utility planners. This book provides utility analysts and regulators a guide to analyzing the value of wind generation in the context of modern power systems. Guiding the reader through the steps to understanding and valuing wind generation on modern power systems, this book approaches the issue from the various, current perspectives in the US. These include utilities that are still primarily vertically integrated power providers and systems dominated by independent system operators (ISOs). Outlined here are the basic procedures in a wind valuation study, described with enough detail so that analysts spanning a range of resources and sophistication can reasonably undertake a competent study. Descriptions of studies performed by other utilities are also provided, explaining their specific approaches to the fundamentals. Finally, it includes a short section on power systems that utilize relatively large fractions of wind, and how operating procedures and valuing techniques may need alteration to accommodate them. • Reviews operating challenges that large amounts of wind power present to power systems operators • Outlines alternative approaches to quantifying the systems services necessary to accommodate the wind • Explains how economic analyses of wind generation are competently performed • Describes how to represent wind generation in computer models commonly used by electric utility planners that may not be specifically designed to incorporate wind generation • Reviews methods used by some select utility companies around the United States • Touches on key European issues involving relatively high levels of wind generation • Written at the level of the utility planner, assuming a basic understanding of economic dispatch of generators and elementary statistics Outlines the role of wind forecasting in wind valuation studies Evaluates the importance of estimating wind generation to meet peak demand Researches how the market structure effects the value of wind energy Discusses power systems that utilize relatively large fractions of wind power Highlights the operating procedures that can enhance the value of wind generation

Wind Power in Power Systems

Wind Power in Power Systems
Author: Thomas Ackermann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1120
Release: 2012-04-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781119942085

Download Wind Power in Power Systems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The second edition of the highly acclaimed Wind Power in Power Systems has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the latest challenges associated with increasing wind power penetration levels. Since its first release, practical experiences with high wind power penetration levels have significantly increased. This book presents an overview of the lessons learned in integrating wind power into power systems and provides an outlook of the relevant issues and solutions to allow even higher wind power penetration levels. This includes the development of standard wind turbine simulation models. This extensive update has 23 brand new chapters in cutting-edge areas including offshore wind farms and storage options, performance validation and certification for grid codes, and the provision of reactive power and voltage control from wind power plants. Key features: Offers an international perspective on integrating a high penetration of wind power into the power system, from basic network interconnection to industry deregulation; Outlines the methodology and results of European and North American large-scale grid integration studies; Extensive practical experience from wind power and power system experts and transmission systems operators in Germany, Denmark, Spain, UK, Ireland, USA, China and New Zealand; Presents various wind turbine designs from the electrical perspective and models for their simulation, and discusses industry standards and world-wide grid codes, along with power quality issues; Considers concepts to increase penetration of wind power in power systems, from wind turbine, power plant and power system redesign to smart grid and storage solutions. Carefully edited for a highly coherent structure, this work remains an essential reference for power system engineers, transmission and distribution network operator and planner, wind turbine designers, wind project developers and wind energy consultants dealing with the integration of wind power into the distribution or transmission network. Up-to-date and comprehensive, it is also useful for graduate students, researchers, regulation authorities, and policy makers who work in the area of wind power and need to understand the relevant power system integration issues.

Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems

Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems
Author: Roy Billinton,Rajesh Karki,Ajit Kumar Verma
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2013-03-15
Genre: Business & Economics
ISBN: 9788132209874

Download Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

The world is witnessing a rapid growth in wind and other renewable based electricity generation due to environmental concerns associated with electricity generation from the conventional sources. Wind power behaves quite differently than conventional electric power generating units due to its intermittent and diffuse nature. System planners and operators face the variability and uncertainty of wind power availability, and therefore, encounter considerable challenges in making decisions to maintain the adequacy and security of wind integrated power systems. This volume intends to bring out the original research work of researchers from academia and industry in understanding, quantifying and managing the risks associated with the uncertainty in wind variability in order to plan and operate a modern power system integrated with a significant proportion of wind power generation with an acceptable level of reliability. Accurate modeling of wind power variability and proper incorporation of the models in reliability and risk evaluation is very important for the planning and operation of electric power systems, and will play a crucial role in defining the requirement of various types of resources and services, such as storage and ancillary services in power systems.

Renewable Energy Integration

Renewable Energy Integration
Author: Lawrence E. Jones
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2017-06-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128097687

Download Renewable Energy Integration Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Renewable Energy Integration: Practical Management of Variability, Uncertainty, and Flexibility in Power Grids, Second Edition, offers a distilled examination of the intricacies of integrating renewables into power grids and electricity markets. It offers informed perspectives from internationally renowned experts on related challenges and solutions based on demonstrated best practices developed by operators around the world. The book's focus on practical implementation of strategies provides real-world context for the theoretical underpinnings and the development of supporting policy frameworks. The second edition considers myriad integration issues, thus ensuring that grid operators with low or high penetration of renewable generation can leverage the best practices achieved by their peers. It includes revised chapters from the first edition as well as new chapters. Lays out the key issues around the integration of renewables into power grids and markets, from the intricacies of operational and planning considerations to supporting regulatory and policy frameworks. Provides updated global case studies that highlight the challenges of renewables integration and present field-tested solutions and new Forewords from Europe, United Arab Emirates, and United States. Illustrates technologies to support the management of variability, uncertainty, and flexibility in power grids.

Renewable Energy Integration

Renewable Energy Integration
Author: Lawrence E. Jones
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2014-06-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124081222

Download Renewable Energy Integration Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Renewable Energy Integration is a ground-breaking new resource - the first to offer a distilled examination of the intricacies of integrating renewables into the power grid and electricity markets. It offers informed perspectives from internationally renowned experts on the challenges to be met and solutions based on demonstrated best practices developed by operators around the world. The book's focus on practical implementation of strategies provides real-world context for theoretical underpinnings and the development of supporting policy frameworks. The book considers a myriad of wind, solar, wave and tidal integration issues, thus ensuring that grid operators with low or high penetration of renewable generation can leverage the victories achieved by their peers. Renewable Energy Integration highlights, carefully explains, and illustrates the benefits of advanced technologies and systems for coping with variability, uncertainty, and flexibility. Lays out the key issues around the integration of renewables into power grids and markets, from the intricacies of operational and planning considerations, to supporting regulatory and policy frameworks Provides global case studies that highlight the challenges of renewables integration and present field-tested solutions Illustrates enabling and disruptive technologies to support the management of variability, uncertainty and flexibility

Integration of Large Scale Wind Energy with Electrical Power Systems in China

Integration of Large Scale Wind Energy with Electrical Power Systems in China
Author: Zongxiang Lu,Shuangxi Zhou
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2018-06-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781118910009

Download Integration of Large Scale Wind Energy with Electrical Power Systems in China Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

An in-depth examination of large scale wind projects and electricity production in China Presents the challenges of electrical power system planning, design, operation and control carried out by large scale wind power, from the Chinese perspective Focuses on the integration issue of large scale wind power to the bulk power system, probing the interaction between wind power and bulk power systems Wind power development is a burgeoning area of study in developing countries, with much interest in offshore wind farms and several big projects under development English translation of the Chinese language original which won the "Fourth China Outstanding Publication Award nomination" in March 2013

Uncertainties in Modern Power Systems

Uncertainties in Modern Power Systems
Author: Ahmed F. Zobaa,Shady H.E. Abdel Aleem
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 716
Release: 2020-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780128208939

Download Uncertainties in Modern Power Systems Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Uncertainties in Modern Power Systems combines several aspects of uncertainty management in power systems at the planning and operation stages within an integrated framework. This book provides the state-of-the-art in electric network planning, including time-scales, reliability, quality, optimal allocation of compensators and distributed generators, mathematical formulation, and search algorithms. The book introduces innovative research outcomes, programs, algorithms, and approaches that consolidate the present status and future opportunities and challenges of power systems. The book also offers a comprehensive description of the overall process in terms of understanding, creating, data gathering, and managing complex electrical engineering applications with uncertainties. This reference is useful for researchers, engineers, and operators in power distribution systems. Includes innovative research outcomes, programs, algorithms, and approaches that consolidate current status and future of modern power systems Discusses how uncertainties will impact on the performance of power systems Offers solutions to significant challenges in power systems planning to achieve the best operational performance of the different electric power sectors

Electricity Generation Using Wind Power

Electricity Generation Using Wind Power
Author: William Shepherd,Li Zhang
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2011
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9789814304146

Download Electricity Generation Using Wind Power Book in PDF, Epub and Kindle

1. The development of wind converters. 1.1. Nature and origin of the wind. 1.2. Development of wind converters -- 2. Theory of wind converters. 2.1. Power and energy basis of wind converters. 2.2. Theoretical power available in the wind. 2.3. Theoretical maximum power extractable from the wind. 2.4. Practical Power Extractable from theWind. 2.5. Mechanical features of wind machines. 2.6. Fixed rotational speed or variable rotational speed?. 2.7. Efficiency considerations of wind-powered electricity generation. 2.8. Worked numerical examples on wind-turbine operation. 2.9. Problems and review questions -- 3. Past and present wind-energy turbines. 3.1. Nineteenth-century windmills. 3.2. Early twentieth-century wind-energy turbines. 3.3. Later twentieth-century wind-energy turbines. 3.4. Modern large wind power installations. 3.5. Worked numerical example. 3.6. Vertical axis wind machines -- 4. The location and siting of wind turbines. 4.1. The availability of wind supply. 4.2. Statistical representation of wind speed. 4.3. Choice of wind turbine sites. 4.4. Effects of the site terrain. 4.5. Spacing effects of wind farm arrays. 4.6. Problems and review questions -- 5. Power flow in electrical transmission and distribution systems. 5.1. Basic forms of power transmission networks. 5.2. Current and voltage relationships. 5.3. Power relationships in sinusoidal circuits. 5.4. Complex power. 5.5. Real power flow and reactive power flow in electrical power systems -- 6. Electrical generator machines in wind-energy systems. 6.1. DC generators. 6.2. AC generators. 6.3. Synchronous machine generators. 6.4. Three-phase induction machine. 6.5. Analysis of induction generator in terms of complex vector representation. 6.6. Switched reluctance machines. 6.7. What form of generator is the best choice for wind generation systems? -- 7. Power electronic converters in wind-energy systems. 7.1. Types of semiconductor switching converters. 7.2. Three-phase controlled bridge rectifier. 7.3. Three-phase controlled bridge inverter feeding an infinite bus. 7.4. The effect of AC system reactance on inverter operation. 7.5. Three-phase cycloconverter feeding an infinite bus. 7.6. Matrix converter feeding an infinite bus. 7.7. Worked numerical examples. 7.8. Commonly used forms of power electronic drive in wind-energy systems. 7.9. Problems and review questions -- 8. Integrating wind power generation into an electrical power system. 8.1. Electricity distribution systems. 8.2. Issues for consideration concerning the integration of wind-energy generation into an electric power system. 8.3. The effect of integrated wind generation on steady-state system voltages. 8.4. The effect of integrated wind generation on dynamic and transient system voltages -- 9. Environmental aspects of wind energy. 9.1. Reduction of emissions. 9.2. Effluents due to coal burning. 9.3. Wind turbine noise. 9.4. Electromagnetic interference from wind turbines. 9.5. Effect of a wind turbine on wildlife. 9.6. Visual impact of wind turbines. 9.7. Safety aspects of wind-turbine operation -- 10. Economic aspects of wind power. 10.1. Investment aspects of wind-powered electricity generation. 10.2. Comparative costs of generating electricity from different fuel sources