Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices

Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Nilanjan Dey,Amira S. Ashour,Simon James Fong,Chintan Bhatt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-09-06
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128156377

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Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices: Applications and Challenges, Fourth Edition highlights the new aspects of wearable and implanted sensors technology in the healthcare sector and monitoring systems. The book's contributions include several interdisciplinary domains, such as wearable sensors, implanted sensors devices, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, real-time medical healthcare monitoring, WIBSN design and data management, encryption, and decision-support systems. Contributions emphasize several topics, including real-world applications and the design and implementation of wearable devices. This book demonstrates that this new field has a brilliant future in applied healthcare research and in healthcare monitoring systems. Includes comprehensive information on wearable and implanted device technology, wearable and implanted sensors design, WIBSN requirements, WIBSN in monitoring systems and security concepts Highlights machine learning and computing in healthcare monitoring systems based on WIBSN Includes a multidisciplinary approach to different healthcare applications and their associated challenges based on wearable and implanted technologies

Powering Biomedical Devices

Powering Biomedical Devices
Author: Edwar Romero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 70
Release: 2013-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780124078345

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From exoskeletons to neural implants, biomedical devices are no less than life-changing. Compact and constant power sources are necessary to keep these devices running efficiently. Edwar Romero's Powering Biomedical Devices reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of these power sources, examining not only the types of biomedical power sources available (macro, mini, MEMS, and nano), but also what they power (such as prostheses, insulin pumps, and muscular and neural stimulators), and how they work (covering batteries, biofluids, kinetic and thermal energy, and telemetry). The book also looks at challenges such as energy generation efficiency, energy density, rectification, and energy storage and management. A final section on future trends rounds out the book. By briefly examining these key aspects, this book gives its readers a valuable overview of biomedical devices' power sources. A compact introduction to the vital topic of biomedical devices' power sources Reviews the background, current technologies, and possible future developments of biomedical power sources Short-format text allows for material that is clear, concise, and to-the-point Extensive references provided for further reading

Internet of Medical Things

Internet of Medical Things
Author: Manuel Cardona,Vijender Kumar Solanki,Cecilia E. García Cena
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2021
Genre: Computers
ISBN: 042929686X

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"Internet of Things (IoT) has become a valuable tool for connection and information exchange between devices. This book provides a brief introduction to this new field, focuses on wearable medical devices, and covers the basic concepts by providing the reader with enough information to solve various practical problems. This book provides the latest applications, experiments, fundamentals concepts, and cutting-edge topics for the ehealth and wearable devices field. The book will also offer topics related to Security in IoT and Wearable Devices, Wearable Devices and Internet of Medical Devices (IoMT), IoT for Medical Applications, and Tools and study cases. The book will bring new and valuable information to PhD researchers, students, professors, and professionals working in IoT and related fields"--

Wearable Bioelectronics

Wearable Bioelectronics
Author: Anthony P.F. Turner,Alberto Salleo,Onur Parlak
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2019-11-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9780081024089

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Wearable Bioelectronics presents the latest on physical and (bio)chemical sensing for wearable electronics. It covers the miniaturization of bioelectrodes and high-throughput biosensing platforms while also presenting a systemic approach for the development of electrochemical biosensors and bioelectronics for biomedical applications. The book addresses the fundamentals, materials, processes and devices for wearable bioelectronics, showcasing key applications, including device fabrication, manufacturing, and healthcare applications. Topics covered include self-powering wearable bioelectronics, electrochemical transducers, textile-based biosensors, epidermal electronics and other exciting applications. Includes comprehensive and systematic coverage of the most exciting and promising bioelectronics, processes for their fabrication, and their applications in healthcare Reviews innovative applications, such as self-powering wearable bioelectronics, electrochemical transducers, textile-based biosensors and electronic skin Examines and discusses the future of wearable bioelectronics Addresses the wearable electronics market as a development of the healthcare industry

Ultra low power Circuits and Systems for Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices

Ultra low power Circuits and Systems for Wearable and Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Marcus Yip,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2013
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: OCLC:868829851

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Advances in circuits, sensors, and energy storage elements have opened up many new possibilities in the health industry. In the area of wearable devices, the miniaturization of electronics has spurred the rapid development of wearable vital signs, activity, and fitness monitors. Maximizing the time between battery recharge places stringent requirements on power consumption by the device. For implantable devices, the situation is exacerbated by the fact that energy storage capacity is limited by volume constraints, and frequent battery replacement via surgery is undesirable. In this case, the design of energy-efficient circuits and systems becomes even more crucial. This thesis explores the design of energy-efficient circuits and systems for two medical applications. The first half of the thesis focuses on the design and implementation of an ultra-low-power, mixed-signal front-end for a wearable ECG monitor in a 0.18pm CMOS process. A mixed-signal architecture together with analog circuit optimizations enable ultra-low-voltage operation at 0.6V which provides power savings through voltage scaling, and ensures compatibility with state-of-the-art DSPs. The fully-integrated front-end consumes just 2.9[mu]W, which is two orders of magnitude lower than commercially available parts. The second half of this thesis focuses on ultra-low-power system design and energy-efficient neural stimulation for a proof-of-concept fully-implantable cochlear implant. First, implantable acoustic sensing is demonstrated by sensing the motion of a human cadaveric middle ear with a piezoelectric sensor. Second, alternate energy-efficient electrical stimulation waveforms are investigated to reduce neural stimulation power when compared to the conventional rectangular waveform. The energy-optimal waveform is analyzed using a computational nerve fiber model, and validated with in-vivo ECAP recordings in the auditory nerve of two cats and with psychophysical tests in two human cochlear implant users. Preliminary human subject testing shows that charge and energy savings of 20-30% and 15-35% respectively are possible with alternative waveforms. A system-on-chip comprising the sensor interface, reconfigurable sound processor, and arbitrary-waveform neural stimulator is implemented in a 0.18[mu]m high-voltage CMOS process to demonstrate the feasibility of this system. The sensor interface and sound processor consume just 12[mu]W of power, representing just 2% of the overall system power which is dominated by stimulation. As a result, the energy savings from using alternative stimulation waveforms transfer directly to the system.

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices
Author: Kuniharu Takei
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2018-04-23
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783527341832

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The book introduces flexible and stretchable wearable electronic systems and covers in detail the technologies and materials required for healthcare and medical applications. A team of excellent authors gives an overview of currently available flexible devices and thoroughly describes their physical mechanisms that enable sensing human conditions. In dedicated chapters, crucial components needed to realize flexible and wearable devices are discussed which include transistors and sensors and deal with memory, data handling and display. Additionally, suitable power sources based on photovoltaics, thermoelectric energy and supercapacitors are reviewed. A special chapter treats implantable flexible sensors for neural recording. The book editor concludes with a perspective on this rapidly developing field which is expected to have a great impact on healthcare in the 21st century.

Wearable Energy Storage Devices

Wearable Energy Storage Devices
Author: Allibai Mohanan Vinu Mohan
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2021-10-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781501514920

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Flexible and stretchable energy storage devices are increasingly being needed for a wide variety of applications such as wearable electronics, electronic papers, electronic skins, smart clothes, bendable smart phones and implantable medical devices. Wearable Energy Storage Devices discusses flexible and stretchable supercapacitors and batteries, stretchable and self-healing gel electrolytes, and hybrid wearable energy storage-harvesting devices.

Wearable Technologies Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Wearable Technologies  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1571
Release: 2018-04-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781522554851

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Advances in technology continue to alter the ways in which we conduct our lives, from the private sphere to how we interact with others in public. As these innovations become more integrated into modern society, their applications become increasingly relevant in various facets of life. Wearable Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on the development and implementation of wearables within various environments, emphasizing the valuable resources offered by these advances. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics, such as assistive technologies, data storage, and health and fitness applications, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for researchers, academics, professionals, students, and practitioners interested in the emerging applications of wearable technologies.

Stretchable Bioelectronics for Medical Devices and Systems

Stretchable Bioelectronics for Medical Devices and Systems
Author: John A. Rogers,Roozbeh Ghaffari,Dae-Hyeong Kim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2016-03-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9783319286945

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This book highlights recent advances in soft and stretchable biointegrated electronics. A renowned group of authors address key ideas in the materials, processes, mechanics, and devices of soft and stretchable electronics; the wearable electronics systems; and bioinspired and implantable biomedical electronics. Among the topics discussed are liquid metals, stretchable and flexible energy sources, skin-like devices, in vitro neural recording, and more. Special focus is given to recent advances in extremely soft and stretchable bio-inspired electronics with real-world clinical studies that validate the technology. Foundational theoretical and experimental aspects are also covered in relation to the design and application of these biointegrated electronics systems. This is an ideal book for researchers, engineers, and industry professionals involved in developing healthcare devices, medical tools and related instruments relevant to various clinical practices.

Security and Privacy for Implantable Medical Devices

Security and Privacy for Implantable Medical Devices
Author: Wayne Burleson,Sandro Carrara
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2013-12-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781461416746

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This book presents a systematic approach to analyzing the challenging engineering problems posed by the need for security and privacy in implantable medical devices (IMD). It describes in detail new issues termed as lightweight security, due to the associated constraints on metrics such as available power, energy, computing ability, area, execution time, and memory requirements. Coverage includes vulnerabilities and defense across multiple levels, with basic abstractions of cryptographic services and primitives such as public key cryptography, block ciphers and digital signatures. Experts from Computer Security and Cryptography present new research which shows vulnerabilities in existing IMDs and proposes solutions. Experts from Privacy Technology and Policy will discuss the societal, legal and ethical challenges surrounding IMD security as well as technological solutions that build on the latest in Computer Science privacy research, as well as lightweight solutions appropriate for implementation in IMDs.

U Healthcare Monitoring Systems

U Healthcare Monitoring Systems
Author: Nilanjan Dey,Amira Ashour,Simon James Fong,Surekha Borra
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 427
Release: 2018-09-17
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128156384

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U-Healthcare Monitoring Systems: Volume One: Design and Applications focuses on designing efficient U-healthcare systems which require the integration and development of information technology service/facilities, wireless sensors technology, wireless communication tools, and localization techniques, along with health management monitoring, including increased commercialized service or trial services. These u-healthcare systems allow users to check and remotely manage the health conditions of their parents. Furthermore, context-aware service in u-healthcare systems includes a computer which provides an intelligent service based on the user’s different conditions by outlining appropriate information relevant to the user’s situation. This volume will help engineers design sensors, wireless systems and wireless communication embedded systems to provide an integrated u-healthcare monitoring system. This volume provides readers with a solid basis in the design and applications of u-healthcare monitoring systems. Provides a solid basis in the design and applications of the u-healthcare monitoring systems Illustrates the concept of the u-healthcare monitoring system and its requirements, with a specific focus on the medical sensors and wireless sensors communication Presents a multidisciplinary volume that includes different applications of the monitoring system which highlight the main features for biomedical sensor devices

Wearable Personal Monitoring Devices Present to Future

Wearable Personal Monitoring Devices Present to Future
Author: Gaetano D. Gargiulo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
Genre: Electronic Book
ISBN: 9789811653247

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Internet of Medical Things

Internet of Medical Things
Author: Manuel Cardona,Vijender Kumar Solanki,Cecilia E. García Cena
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 166
Release: 2021-02-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781000335057

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Internet of Things (IoT) has become a valuable tool for connection and information exchange between devices. This book provides a brief introduction to this new field, focuses on wearable medical devices, and covers the basic concepts by providing the reader with enough information to solve various practical problems. This book provides the latest applications, experiments, fundamentals concepts, and cutting-edge topics for the ehealth and wearable devices field. The book also offers topics related to Security in IoT and Wearable Devices, Wearable Devices and Internet of Medical Devices (IoMT), IoT for Medical Applications, and Tools and study cases. The book brings new and valuable information to PhD researchers, students, professors, and professionals working in IoT and related fields.

Biomedical Engineering Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Biomedical Engineering  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1463
Release: 2017-07-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781522531593

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Technological tools and computational techniques have enhanced the healthcare industry. These advancements have led to significant progress and novel opportunities for biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is an authoritative reference source for emerging scholarly research on trends, techniques, and future directions in the field of biomedical engineering technologies. Highlighting a comprehensive range of topics such as nanotechnology, biomaterials, and robotics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for medical practitioners, professionals, students, engineers, and researchers interested in the latest developments in biomedical technology.

Design and Modeling of Low Power VLSI Systems

Design and Modeling of Low Power VLSI Systems
Author: Sharma, Manoj,Gautam, Ruchi,Khan, Mohammad Ayoub
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2016-06-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
ISBN: 9781522501916

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems refer to the latest development in computer microchips which are created by integrating hundreds of thousands of transistors into one chip. Emerging research in this area has the potential to uncover further applications for VSLI technologies in addition to system advancements. Design and Modeling of Low Power VLSI Systems analyzes various traditional and modern low power techniques for integrated circuit design in addition to the limiting factors of existing techniques and methods for optimization. Through a research-based discussion of the technicalities involved in the VLSI hardware development process cycle, this book is a useful resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate-level students in computer science and engineering.