YY1 in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer

YY1 in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer
Author: Benjamin Bonavida
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2020-10-20
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9780128226360

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YY1 Is Pivotal in the Control of the Pathogenesis and Drug Resistance of Cancer: A Critical Therapeutic Target describes the current state-of-the-art of the transcription factor YY1 that is overexpressed in the majority of cancers and a central factor that regulates all of the major features and characteristics of human cancers. This book emphasizes the biochemical, molecular and genetic underlying mechanisms by which YY1 regulates its pro-cancerous activities. In addition, it also describes the role of YY1 in the regulation of tumor cell resistance to conventional chemo and immunotherapies and the important role of inhibiting YY1 in cancer. This book is a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of medical and biomedical field who are interested in understanding further the role of YY1 in cancer. Provides a thorough understanding of the underlying mechanisms by which YY1 regulates cancer cell phenotype and unique characteristics Discusses the novel mechanisms of YY1 regulation of tumor cell resistance and means to overcome resistance Encompasses new examples of newly developed non-toxic and selective inhibitors targeting YY1

Cancer Stem Cell Resistance to Targeted Therapy

Cancer Stem Cell Resistance to Targeted Therapy
Author: Cristina Maccalli,Matilde Todaro,Soldano Ferrone
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-06-04
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783030166243

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This book represents an up-dated summary of the state of the art of the characterization of cancer stem cell/ cancer initiating cell (CSC/CIC) properties. An overview of the definition and biological properties of CSCs/CICs as well as the role of these cells in determining the resistance to standard and immune-based therapies is provided. It also discusses limitations in the achievement of a definitive biological characterization of CSCs/CICs due to their high extent of plasticity and heterogeneity that is also mutually driven by the interaction of these cells with the tumor microenvironment. The limitations in targeting CSCs/CICs with immunotherapy are also explained together with explorative combination approaches that could increase the susceptibility of these cells to the recognition by immune cells. This book is conceived for a broad audience, including students, teachers, scientific experts. The critical revision of available results in terms of immunological profile of CSCs/CICs and the efficacy in targeting these cells by immunological approaches, results in a comprehensive and up to date recapitulation of the field and provides interesting suggestions on how to focus future investigations in order to assess the role of CSCs/CICs as prognostic and predictive biomarkers of responsiveness to therapies for cancer patients.

Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Author: Ajay Vora
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2017-04-21
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319397085

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This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all aspects of childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, from basic biology to supportive care. It offers new insights into the genetic pre-disposition to the condition and discusses how response to early therapy and its basic biology are utilized to develop new prognostic stratification systems and target therapy. Readers will learn about current treatment and outcomes, such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy approaches. Supportive care and management of the condition in resource poor countries are also discussed in detail. This is an indispensable guide for research and laboratory scientists, pediatric hematologists as well as specialist nurses involved in the care of childhood leukemia.

Human Herpesviruses

Human Herpesviruses
Author: Ann Arvin,Gabriella Campadelli-Fiume,Edward Mocarski,Patrick S. Moore,Bernard Roizman,Richard Whitley,Koichi Yamanishi
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-08-16
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9781139461641

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This comprehensive account of the human herpesviruses provides an encyclopedic overview of their basic virology and clinical manifestations. This group of viruses includes human simplex type 1 and 2, Epstein–Barr virus, Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, cytomegalovirus, HHV6A, 6B and 7, and varicella-zoster virus. The viral diseases and cancers they cause are significant and often recurrent. Their prevalence in the developed world accounts for a major burden of disease, and as a result there is a great deal of research into the pathophysiology of infection and immunobiology. Another important area covered within this volume concerns antiviral therapy and the development of vaccines. All these aspects are covered in depth, both scientifically and in terms of clinical guidelines for patient care. The text is illustrated generously throughout and is fully referenced to the latest research and developments.

Persistent Viral Infections

Persistent Viral Infections
Author: R. Ahmed,Irvin Chen
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 756
Release: 1999
Genre: Medical
ISBN: UOM:39015041993448

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Persistent Viral Infections Edited by Rafi Ahmed Emory Vaccine Center, Atlanta, USA and Irvin S. Y. Chen UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA During the past decade much of our attention has focused on diseases associated with viral persistence. Major breakthroughs in immunology, and the advent of molecular approaches to study pathogenesis have increased our understanding of the complex virus-host interactions that occur during viral persistence. Persistent Viral Infections focuses on: * The pathogenesis and immunology of chronic infections * Animal models that provide, or have the potential to provide, major insights This volume will be essential reading for virologists, immunologists, oncologists and neurologists.

Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer

Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer
Author: International Agency for Research on Cancer,Cancerregisteret (Denmark)
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 155
Release: 1989
Genre: Cervix uteri
ISBN: UCSD:31822003764586

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This volume reviews the evidence for a causal link between sexually transmitted infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) and the occurrence of cervical cancer, from a variety of different angles. Epidemiological studies and clinical, pathological, and cytological aspects of HPV infection are reviewed. Modern methods for analyzing HPV-DNA types by molecular biological techniques are described, and the statistical problems to be overcome in epidemiological work are explained. The volume was prepared by a broad team of experts from around the world, who met in Copenhagen in March 1988 to reach a consensus on the present state of understanding and to establish directions for future work.

Endocytosis and Signaling

Endocytosis and Signaling
Author: Christophe Lamaze,Ian Prior
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-08-10
Genre: Science
ISBN: 9783319967042

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This book focuses on the context dependency of cell signaling by showing how the endosomal system helps to structure and regulate signaling pathways. The location and concentration of signaling nodes regulate their activation cycles and engagement with distinct effector pathways. Whilst many cell signaling pathways are initiated from the cell surface, endocytosis provides an opportunity for modulating signaling networks’ output. In this book, first a series of reviews describe the endocytic and endosomal system and show how these subcellular platforms sort and regulate a wide range of signaling pathway components and phenotypic outputs. The book then reviews the latest scientific insights into how endocytic trafficking and subcellular location modulate a set of major pathways that are essential to normal cellular function and organisms’ development.

Molecular Genetics of Endometrial Carcinoma

Molecular Genetics of Endometrial Carcinoma
Author: Lora Hedrick Ellenson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 281
Release: 2016-12-01
Genre: Medical
ISBN: 9783319431390

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This comprehensive text provides a much-needed review of a disease that is currently garnering the interest of molecular biologists, translational scientists, and clinicians. The volume includes emerging developments in the molecular genetics of endometrial carcinoma. In addition to covering the basic genetics of endometrial carcinoma, chapters also cover a wide range of signaling pathways implicated in endometrial carcinoma. A section of the book includes a number of genetically engineered mouse models, which contribute to understanding the role of various genetic alterations in the development and progression of endometrial carcinoma. These models also provide preclinical models for developing effective targeted therapeutic approaches. Endometrial carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract in the United States and the number of cases continues to increase around the world. This book is a meant to serve as a resource for a wide range of scientists, from molecular geneticists to signal transduction biologists, as well as to both clinicians and scientists interested in developing targeted therapeutic approaches for women with endometrial carcinoma.